Ancient Rome[1]

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Ancient Rome[1]

  1. 1. Ancient Rome
  2. 2. Government Under the Republic <ul><li>In the 1 st Century B.C., Roman writers boasted they had achieved a balanced government. </li></ul><ul><li>They felt they had taken the best features of a monarchy, an aristocracy, and a democracy to form a perfect government. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Government Under the Republic Monarchy In place of a king, Rome had 2 consuls who commanded the army and directed government. They served a one year term and could not be re-elected for 10 years. The consuls could overrule one another so they must agree. Aristocracy Senate made of 300 members chosen from the upper-class (of course). Senators had legislative and administrative duties and served for life. Democracy Assemblies-all citizen soldiers were members. They made laws for the common people. Dictatorship In times of crisis, the republic could appoint a dictator , one with absolute power to make laws and command an army. Chosen by consuls and elected by the senate.
  4. 4. Roman Army <ul><li>All landowning citizens were required to serve. 10 year service required to hold office/prestigious positions </li></ul><ul><li>Units organized into legions (5000) heavily armed foot soldiers (infantry). </li></ul><ul><li>Group of cavalry supported each legion </li></ul><ul><li>Legions could be divided during battle which provided flexibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome’s military organization was key to their success. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Punic Wars <ul><li>Rome and Carthage fought for control over Mediterranean sea trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Three wars were fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC and 146 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>They were known as the Punic Wars </li></ul>
  6. 6. Punic Wars-Results <ul><li>1 st War- Rome gains control of Sicily. </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd War- Carthage, led by Hannibal invade Rome and inflict major losses on the Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans invaded Carthage causing Hannibal to return there to defend. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome never fell. </li></ul>

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