Designing around corruption

710 views
658 views

Published on

Presentation about the design of a drinkwater project in an environment of corruption. Presentation given at Sustainability Event from Delft University of Technology.
More info: www.watervoorfilippijnen.nl

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
710
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Designing around corruption

  1. 1. Designing around corruption, aiming for ownership <ul><ul><li>straight forward drinking water technology for community development in the Philippines </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Designing for a different context <ul><li>Drinking water project in the South Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Designing around corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and its political involvement </li></ul>
  3. 3. Designing for a different context <ul><li>Drinking water project in the South Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Designing around corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and its political involvement </li></ul>
  4. 4. Summary project <ul><li>Drinking water shortage for 2,000 people in a rural village living in a poor community, limited in </li></ul><ul><li>their development , education and without having access to required resources . </li></ul>New drinking water supply system
  5. 5. a street in the village
  6. 6. Designing for a different context <ul><li>Drinking water project in the South Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Designing around corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and its political involvement </li></ul>
  7. 7. Corruption <ul><li>The study of J. Davis also showed that 30% of customers bribed to expedite repair works and 12% paid &quot;speed money&quot; for new water and sanitation connections in the past six months. </li></ul><ul><li>According to a study of 21 water utilities in Africa, on average 64% - nearly two-thirds - of their operating costs were due to corruption. </li></ul>source
  8. 8. Dutch/European approach power & money <ul><ul><li>water price new system = water price present ‘system’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collection for new pump? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking water = public service? </li></ul></ul>Remarkable
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Literally ‘around’ corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply area: green & orange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With enough capacity for the whole area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give an example and wait till something happens </li></ul></ul>Philippine approach
  10. 10. Why people ignore corruption <ul><li>The goals are reached (instrumental) </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety (emotional) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships under pressure (socio political) </li></ul><ul><li>Power to democracy (ideology) </li></ul><ul><li>How to ignore corruption, Erik Bähre </li></ul>
  11. 11. Designing for a different context <ul><li>Drinking water project in the South Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Designing around corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and its political involvement </li></ul>
  12. 12. Results lack of ownership Build in 1980, in operation without maintenance
  13. 13. Ownership <ul><li>All decisions and ideas by the local people </li></ul><ul><li>All the responsibility by the local people </li></ul>vs. control and reliability <ul><li>Financial control (premium share holder) </li></ul><ul><li>“ We know the best way to do it…” </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure donors / accountability </li></ul>
  14. 14. Photo: Presentation of the different options to the community leaders
  15. 15. But… TU Student involved in the Philippines; a false start in the first place?
  16. 16. Designing for a different context <ul><li>Drinking water project in the South Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Designing around corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and its political involvement </li></ul>
  17. 17. Access is power <ul><li>‘ Instead of recognizing this involvement, many argued that the political problems they had experienced were something “over there”, as if their intervention were irrelevant for the situation ‘ </li></ul><ul><li>How to ignore corruption, Erik B ä hre </li></ul>
  18. 18. Access is power <ul><li>Our technical solution laundry service, jatropha plantation, ice cream car, drinking water plant </li></ul><ul><li>has a large influence on the power relations </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarge inequality ? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Designing for a different context <ul><li>‘ Conclusions’ </li></ul><ul><li>Our technology has an heavily involvement in political dynamics… and the solution is not clear </li></ul><ul><li>Careful: inequality and ownership?! </li></ul><ul><li>It is an adventure with a lot of uncertainties, </li></ul><ul><li>demanding a lot of creativity and flexibility </li></ul>
  20. 20. Visit us at the exposition! <ul><li>Get involved! </li></ul><ul><li>Visit www.watervoorfilippijnen.nl </li></ul><ul><li>Throw a coin ;-) </li></ul><ul><li>Become ‘coordinator’ sanitation project: great opportunity international development and quick results </li></ul>This project contributes to Millenniumgoal 7 Everybody access to safe drinking water
  21. 21. Questions? <ul><li>Foundation Water for Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Harmen van der Laan </li></ul><ul><li>M 06 480 78 145 </li></ul><ul><li>E [email_address] </li></ul>Foundation Water for Philippines Buitenwatersloot 158 2613 SW Delft www.watervoorfilippijnen.nl CoC 27318411 Certified as ANBI GIRO 5418763
  22. 22. Contents <ul><li>Who, what and why for Philippines? </li></ul><ul><li>Why IDE PhD day? </li></ul><ul><li>1 holiday = … </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps and questions </li></ul>
  23. 23. New drinking water supply system selected by the leaders of the community Technical details and design report drinking water system available at www.watervoorfilippijnen.nl
  24. 24. Foundation Water for Philippines <ul><li>We, as a team of enthusiastic (water) engineers, do our best to support this project with a critical view and creative ideas . </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Supporting (drinking) water projects at The Philippines, especially for the people living in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>In cooperation with local NGO Taytayan and international organization OMF Internation for financial supervision </li></ul>i) Fundraising ii) Technical advice (financial / engineering)
  25. 25. Contents <ul><li>Who, what and why for Philippines? </li></ul><ul><li>Why IDE PhD day? </li></ul><ul><li>1 holiday = … </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps and questions </li></ul>
  26. 26. 25/9: Creative session at The Creativity Company
  27. 27. IDE PhD day? Donate a holiday! <ul><li>Observation Many PhD’s have a (large) amount of holidays left at the end of the year </li></ul><ul><li>Idea! Give people the possibility to donate a (left-over) holiday to the drinking water project </li></ul>1 holiday = 1 day (not a week)
  28. 28. Contents <ul><li>Who, what and why for Philippines? </li></ul><ul><li>Why IDE PhD day? </li></ul><ul><li>1 holiday = … </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps and questions </li></ul>
  29. 29. 1 holiday = … <ul><li>71 m pipe line (61 holidays pipe line required) </li></ul><ul><li>5 house connections (water meter + connecting pipe) (50 holidays connections required) </li></ul><ul><li>≈ 1% water tower (108 days = 1 water tower) </li></ul><ul><li>Supports development young people You give a opportunity for education and development </li></ul>
  30. 30. Contents <ul><li>Who, what and why for Philippines? </li></ul><ul><li>Why IDE PhD day? </li></ul><ul><li>1 holiday = … </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps and questions </li></ul>
  31. 31. Next steps <ul><li>Important information </li></ul><ul><li>This initiative is supported by the dean of IDE Prof. dr. Cees de Bont </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody is completely free of choice whether to donate a holiday or not </li></ul>1 holiday = 1 day (not a week)
  32. 32. Next steps <ul><li>Do you want to support Water for Philippines? </li></ul><ul><li>How many holidays left? note: it is possible to cash one week, and to take along one week. </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in a form (available here) Name, 1 or 2 holidays and signature. </li></ul>1 holiday = 1 day (not a week)
  33. 33. Summary <ul><li>500 holidays required for: </li></ul><ul><li>1 water tower </li></ul><ul><li>1 ground water well </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 km pipe line </li></ul><ul><li>capacity 4,000 people (designed for 10 – 20 years) </li></ul><ul><li>1 holiday = 8 persons access to safe drinking water </li></ul>

×