Chronology of the references of Psychological Intervention By: Rakesh Mishra
Cold War Days 1952: Indo-US agreement for 55 community development projects including 300 villages and 300000 people. In real practise Communities were not in pinciples and methods of determining priorities of the community development projects.
The Government goes western 1956: Ministry of Community Development created to monitor and evaluate the CDPs.
Tradition and Blame gamecontroversy-I writers have considered tradition as 1958: Many western root cause of Indias low economic development. Max Weber,
Tradition and Blame gamecontroversy-II 1961: One of the reasons for underdevelopment of India is low achievement motivation of its people. McClelland, 1961: Hindu parents do not encourage the need of achievements. They do not train to set higher goals for excellence and do not encourage the children to strive to achieve them in an individualistic and competetive spirit. McClelland, McClelland suggested a motivation program, Udai Pareek and Prayag Mehta developped a training and motivation program in collaboration with McClelland (Kakinada Experiment)
Tradition and Blame gamecontroversy-III 1969: Stated the Kakinada Experiment to be successful in "Motivating Economic Achievement : McClelland and Winter, “ 1969 : Hinduism does not encourage need for achievement and is responsible for low aspirations which characterize Indian personality. McClelland and Winter 1975: This program was repeated several times in the country and claimed to be successful. (Shah, Gaikwad, Rao & Pareek,)
Tradition and Blame gamecontroversy-IV 1975: Some India psychologists doubted about the teanablity of the theory in India context. (JBP Sinha and Pandey,) Evaluation of community development programs (D. Sinha, 1969 &1974), Rath (1975), D. Sinha 1985 Waber (1958) and McClelland
Foreign Funding to privateorganisations 1980: Entrance of International funding agencies in India. Rapid Expansion of NGO sector. 1981: Psychology of Poverty in India (Pareek,) 1981: Dynamics of Social Change: Udai Pareek,
Foreign Funding to privateorganisations 1980-1990: Witnessed an extraordinary profiliteration of foreign funded non-government organisations.
Reason of re-constructionism intribal area 1991: 8.08% of India is tribal, Census
The ignored side-I 1994: World Bank Report reveals more than 86% organisations (NGOs) receives funding on project basis.
Westernizing the minds… 1998: Rajni Kothari observed that Indian community is voluntarist community. 1998: Psychological Strategy for Human Development (Mehta)
The ignored side-II 1998-99: 3925 cr. recieved for CDP 1999-2000: 4535 cr. recieved for CDPs. 90% Organisations working in rural sector are dependent on foreign assistence for their survival. 2000: Nearly 20000 NGOs registered under FCRA.
Ignoring/Occupying water bodies Ganga Kalyan Yojna, Million well scheme: 9th five year plan Hariyali, Swajal Dhara Swadhyaya Movement THE WASTE LAND: Nandita Roy, 2003 Source: dalal-psychosocial-interventions-for-community- development