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Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers
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Oil to wars to Agriculture and Rivers

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If not we will be divided in to uncountable groups each manipulated by vested foreign and domestic interests to economically rob us from our ability of creative thinking and innovation. …

If not we will be divided in to uncountable groups each manipulated by vested foreign and domestic interests to economically rob us from our ability of creative thinking and innovation.
Development projects, as stated above, needs money for each of them to execute. And the money takes the route of foreign direct investment (FDI). Investment needs interest. Usually the investment in infrastructure projects will be inflated ten times higher to earn not only more interest but to make local governments not to be able to pay. When unable to pay, local governments open up natural resources to foreigners for ruthless exploitation. It is a saga that documents one resourceful country after another resourceful country. Dams interrupt river flow thus the cultural bondage of all the tirthas along the river. Can you imagine how to perform aarti when the rivers are dry? That really doesn’t surprise me; people are more interested in forcing themselves upon Nature as opposed to being in tune with it. Nothing in Uttarakhand is endangered or unfriendly to wildlife except under the British rulers.

As Netaji Subhash Chnadra Bose said “any form of oppression should be fought back” it is true in the era of intellectual and scientific arenas.
Although we declare “Satyameva Jayate” as an emblem of the state. It is mentioned on most of documents of our government. The reality is far from the truth.

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  • 1. OIL TO WARS & TO AGRICULTURE & RIVERS RR F&A How 150 Years of Greed, War, Bad Science (Dams, fertilizers and chemicals) & arrogance destroying the Human Civilization in world and in India.
  • 2. Why Free market or Globalisation?• There are two ways to conquer and enslave a nation. One is by sword… The other is by debt.……. John Adams 1826, United States President, Freedom Fighter who fought British for American Independence• “Trade is nerve center of economy and war is necessary to protect the trade” Louis XVI, The French King who laid the policy of trade for west.
  • 3. We, before surrender to East India Company!!• India was a FOOD BOWL of world with Diverse and balanced organically grown crops.• No chemical fertilizers, no pesticides, no genetically modified organisms (GMOs)• Rich Soil, soil fertility self replenishing• Rivers were usual flowing with no dams, none occupied catchment area.• Rains coming properly and seasonally (no climate disturbance)• Self sufficient, environmentally intellegent, eco-friendly river delta management of uncivilised barbarians aka Indians (as Winston Churchill say)
  • 4. Some “gentlemen” say “we were better under British control?”• We progressed steadily In destruction of Agriculture and our rivers since the occupation of British (lump-sum 150 -200 years) but with great speed when British left into such eco- disastrous, river damaging community wiping agriculture practises in just 60 years?• Did we do this to ourselves deliberately consciously or under pressure from world bank agri MNCs or public going mad?• In continental USA the British deliberately distributed chicken pox, small pox bacteria laced blankets to the local Indian communities so that everyone was dead and their lands properties wealth could be occupied.
  • 5. Slavery to “Neo colonialism”• after British gained a foot hold in India steadily started to disturb, undermine and destroy the strength of India, its people, their values, their cultural bonds and most important the source of all the above Rivers.• The process of this understanding of rivers and agriculture in any country is termed as Cultural Anthropology or Behavioral (Alluvial) Sociology.• Both of these fields of knowledge study how the river flow affects culture and wealth of communities thus sociological relations among various sections of society.• By understanding this thoroughly, the river flow can be disturbed which directly effects changes among the social order.
  • 6. Alluvial Sociology as basis of Ethno Genesis conflictsBy understanding this thoroughly, the river flow can be disturbed which directly effects changes among the social order.• Agri (culture) & Cultural Anthropology & Behavioral (Alluvial) Sociology• The science of understanding flow of Rivers, Societies and Conflicts.Stage I• The civilization its development reaction response pattern basically depends on the connectivity established with the river banks over which they evolved.• If the River Flow is congenial to the commercial traffic all the way from the beginning of the river to the merging with the sea homogeneous cultures and food habits develop. Nile, US River based Indians, Western and Eastern Indian Civilizations are all examples of the fact.• If the river flow is violent and passes through mountain areas or thick jungles then totally isolated communities develop with little interaction. Tribal societies along Euphrates, Amazon. Brahmaputra etc are examples of this.• It is imperative to understand these differences before conquering the territories-resources and people.• For example British bombed tribal resistance in Somalia or Iraq during 1900-1945, with No nation wide response of larger mobilizations.
  • 7. Agenda of Greed based Bad science and Geopolitics• First disturb deface and destroy (DDD)• The science of blocking the flow of the rivers- Community destruction, massive fertilizer pesticide consumption, poverty creation, water wars, national state conflicts and food dependency became a norm in liberalized and privatized world.• This became a official hidden doctrinal basis of the redrawing the geography and re colonization of the territories of Asia and Africa and of course India post WW 2 in the form of Liberalization and Privatization.
  • 8. Stage II - Engineering social shifts.• By blocking or damming uninterrupted river flow the homogeneity and continuity of populations can be broken, thus inducing mobility or changing the occupational habits and cultural values including food habits vertically urbanization.• Alluvial flow of the rivers is the one that grinds the minerals soils medicinal curst layers by rain waters that fall on forests and mountain tops and nourishes soil when river flow comes down stream.• These fertile lands does not need any other artificial fertilizers.• But once they are dammed or course is altered then the fertile sediments will get struck at the base of dams and year by year thus reduce the available flow of water and rich mineralization of and rejuvenation of soil and alters moisture contents in the down stream.• The low lands will starve of nourishments and the cynical cycle of artificial Fertilizer utilization increases but will definitely fail crops in the long run as the farmers will loose for the corporate game of ever increasing fertilizer costs and will be forced to abandon and move in to urbanization.• This reduces Land cultivated and makes groups and nations depend on MNCs for food production and in the last decade on seeds for cultivation.• This loss of soil fertility and reduced water flow happened when Aswan high dam was built. Finally Egypt has created Nile Dredging Corporation to transport the sediment to the low lands as fertilizer and now many third world countries thinking to un dam the rivers like Brazil.
  • 9. Second dangerous process of damming rivers• disease generation at the dam sites where with stored stagnant water mosquito colonies increase.• Also during the entire course of river down stream to dams (which now with dams looks like disconnected ponds or lakes or pools of muddy water) the same phenomenon occurs increasing the mosquito prone diseases in the entire populations along the river.• These are like dengue, malaria, swine flu, encephalitis. It is reported about 50% people are suffering water born desease along the river Ganga.• The land starves with out fertilizers and placer minerals making the farming community depend on artificial fertilizers pesticides controlled by war MNCs graduation in to post war scenario –alternate use of chemicals of war as fertilizers.• In Hyderabad alone the mosquito containment costs are close to Rs 100 crores diverting valuable public funds for uncalled for diseases benefitting again medical MNCs.
  • 10. Stage III Minionism or Re- constructionism• Minionism or Re-constructionism is a process by which, within an ethnic group, using either sub-ethnicity (in case of India caste and sub cast) religion or language homogeneity (or all of them) to achieve political ends that suits either local national political ends or International players resource strategies. This is more applicable in post world war scenario where the colonies became independent and want to pursue their own economic political goals.• If Language is used as basis of minionism it is Linguistic Re- constructionism –• 2 Languages 2 Religions ONE country LTTE Sinhala rift here religion is used as catalyst• 1 Language ONE country Different religions- Iraq- Shia Sunni Kurd all speak Arabic but religion is used as catalyst East Timor, Indonesia-Same language Christian Muslim rift was used as catalyst.• 1 Language One Country One Religion-Korea North and South Divide here economic ideology was used as catalyst
  • 11. Re-constructionism in India• One Language One State Same religious economic ethnicity composition• UP split in to Uttaranchal Linguistic accent is used as catalyst• AP agitations for separate state Linguist accent is used as catalyst• MH Vidharbha Linguist accent is used as catalyst• If Religion is used as basis of minionism then it is called Religious Re- constructionism• Shia Sunny fights in Iraq (Islamic Re- constructionism)• If ethnicity is used as basis it is Ethno Linguist Re-constructionism• Somali Sudan Ehiopia Tribal Fights Ethno Religious-Linguistic Re- constructionism• If Economic Ideology is used as basis of minionism it is called ideological Re – Constructionism.• Bolshivik, Communist, Soviet, Mao Thought, Naxalism, Marxism, Leninism.• The weakest in all the above major re-constructionisms is the process based on Economic Ideology.• The post-independence basis of the various re-constructionisms in India might have stemmed from either genuine or assumed concerns. But the wrong labeling or wrong handling them lead to a greater danger of Disintegration and political instability.• BJP RSS Jansangh - Hindu Re-constructionism projected as Right wing Fundamentalist• Congress - Muslim/Christian Re-constructionism projected as Secular Politics• NE Tribal insurgencies Christian Re-constructionism projected as Separatist Freedom Fights
  • 12. RIVERS the SOURCE OF WEALTH• Interestingly people are what they eat daily ?• What they eat daily is the realm of agriculture. The extent of the agriculture depends on the un obstructed river flows and that is why all civilizations developed along with flow of the rivers.• Rivers are used for three purposes water (drinking and agrarian) transportation (upstream to down stream travel) river eco-system commerce and of lately for electricity generation.• Commerce is two types what is produced in the river (fish, shrimp algae etc) what is brought by the river (rare earth metals, gold, diamonds, sedimentation containing trace or placer deposits of every known mineral useful as natural fertilizer for crops.• These above three are the common bonds for all those living along the river side from the beginning of the rivers to the delta where they merge with the sea.
  • 13. Rivers : Source of gold and diamonds• Only those rivers bring diamonds or gold which are formed on the sedimentation of volcanic eruptions lava flows. The soil they haul is called alluvial soil. Rivers in North South America Africa and India are capable of such things.• Europeans first observed this rivers as carriers of rare metals and diamonds after their contact with Africa. This was the beginning of the Great Gold Rush (read as Gold Loot) that resulted in the destruction of Africa.• The same Rush was exhibited in Americas, Spanish Gold Rush to south America, California Gold Rush, Texas Gold Rush, Great Canadian Gold rush all resulted in the large Human Depopulation ecological disasters for Gold and other metals that rivers bring.• Many multinationals serving sedimentation treatment for free in Ganges Dams sites.??
  • 14. Rivers : Source of diamonds and rare earth materials• Till this point all knew gold is gold and diamonds are diamonds-ornamental significance. So who ever found them were the keepers of them or sellers of them.• The rivers were bringing fresh diamonds gold particles along with water and fish and all are happy. In fact the rivers need to flow properly otherwise the gold and diamonds cannot be mined. All this situation changed with the discoveries of uses of Diamonds and Gold.• Along with jewellary and ornamental applications Diamond are a very important in warfare and other strategic application!!
  • 15. . (This part of gold diamonds their applications and the destruction of rivers by damming and destroying delta ecologies is discussed in part two along with Genetically Modified Organisms) The Beginning VERTICLE 1 –NPK • Justus Von Liebig German Scientist & Chemist (Father of Chemical Agriculture)Accidentally discovered that burnt ashes of plant will nourish plant. And concluded that theThe composition of burned ashes helped plant nourishment. That chemical composition of ashfound by the scientist became known was Nitrogen Phosphorous and Potash or (Potasium Carbonate) or today NPK 150 years later still we use the same though the same scientist Requested to discard that . In 1875 as he accepted he made a mistake in analysis.German Businessmen unable to colonize any African or Asian country as then entered late in toColonial conquest rather focused on new business. They found many German rock salts are aVariates of the above (Muriates) potash. An industry propped up to ground these salts andthrow on crops. Business Concept of PP : Profit and Patriotism
  • 16. VERTICLE 2 – PHOSPHATE AND SUPER PHOSPATE For 2000 years Egyptians and Romans used powdered bones for growth of PLANTS. 5 Sea Based Calcium Phosphate discovered. So Believed that it was nothing but bones of Dead Animals. Bones (Calcium) + Sulphuric Acid = Super Phosphate With abundance of Sea based Calcium Phophate, industrial launch of Super Phosphate Occurred. VERTICLE 3 – ALKALISArabs used Sea Bleach called Alkali derived from Salt water Plant ashes and used it incleaning.Its chemical composition understood by 1890 and then all compounds were made byBritish company United Alkali Corporation which became in 1891 Imperial ChemicalIndustries.
  • 17. NEXT 10 Years so many GERMAN industries launched making Super Phosphateand Potash and dumping all that on unsuspecting farmers and farm lands.1865 Liebig DECLARED that non longer HUMUS (Orgaic Manure Earthworms etc) Necessary for Agriculture as there was initial spur of crop productivity. “there is not the shadow of proof that either of them exerts anyinfluence on the growth of plants either in the way of nourishment or otherwise”1865-1875 The productivity started declining and more and more fertilizer was needed from 1865 to 1875 Von Ludwig studied this phenomenon and in• Von Ludwig Declared that it is the HUMIC ACID THAT AIDS THEPLANTS GROWTH NOT POTASH or SUPEER PHOSPHATE. “the secret to fertilizingsoil precisely lay in this organic excreta,not chemicals”INDUSTRY JUST IGNORED HIM AS THEY HAVE ALREADY INVESTED LOT OFMONEY IN TO POTASH AND SUPER PHOSPHATE MAKING INDUSTRIES SINCE 1855 till 1875.
  • 18. VERTICLE 4 – BENZENE RING & MILLION CHEMICALS• William Henry Perkins British ChemistMauve Dye from Benzene. It is first Aniline Dye used in coloring.• Frederick Von Kekule discovered that Benzene Ring and found multiple ways of creating Chemical compounds with much deadlier effects.VERTICLE 5 – AMMONIA NH4• Fritz Haber first synthesized Ammonia NH 4 in laboratory setting. It is used in explosives. Carl Bosch first created Synthetic Ammonia Plant paved way for explosive industry which became the cause of Germany launching World War 1 in 1914 – 1919 for domination in colonies which were denied to them due to their late entry. Concept : Patriotism and Profit. Ammonium Nitrate explosives killed more than 600 000 during world war 1 919 – 1939 This Nitrogen and Ammonia by these companies dumped on the Crops all across Europe and Africa by these companies offering incentives to farmers from war profits. 925 – Post war US and GERMAN CHEMICAL COMPANIES MERGED to form I G FARBEN
  • 19. This weakened the resistance of crops paving the way for ever widening toxicChemical synthesis thanks to Benzene Ring.VERTICLE 6 – DDT1939 PAUL MUELLER invented DDT and sold the same to ALLIES.This killed with astonishing speed all BUGSTo keep soidiers in the trenches from filthy conditions and infectuous diseasesDuring I and II world ward this DDT is used indiscriminately.During II world war as all labor moved to war with the labor shortage the farmersStarted using Deadly chemicals to keep bugs away as substitute and mechanizedThe whole farming.The explosives made by these chemicals killied close to 6 000 000 in WW II10 Times more than the number killed in WW I
  • 20. Inter War Years 1919- 1939 and 1945 – 1965 Winners USA has war time profits and losers Germans produced Eminent scientists chemists etc. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MODEL OIL CHEMICALS PESTICIDES EXPLOSIVES GUNS War Time Profits – Free Money to BANKS Loan to PROFITSChemical Companies AgriculturalPesticide Companies Mechanization Companies HU G EOffered Credit Facilities offered credit facilitiesGovernment Subsidies Government SubsidiesTo Farmers to Farmers Increased Consumption of Pests Fertilizers Exponentially
  • 21. Inter War Years 1919- 1939 and 1945 – 1965Plants WeakenedAttracted More Bugs and Pests and Pesticide Resistant BugsMore Chemicals Needed with CHLORINE DERIVATIVESChlodaneHeptachlorDieldrinAldrinENDRINE - The leading Cause of Suicide in IndiaOrganic PhosphatesParathion & Malathion
  • 22. 1945 – 19681945 Post war 18 American Ammonia Making Giant Chemical Companies were forced to find alternative Uses of Ammonia Flourine etc Leading among them are Du Pont, Dow Chemicals, Monsanto, American Cyanamide, IG Farben etc All Chemicals dumped on Farms and Flourine in water cleaning Europe USA Dumped on AFRICA LATIN AMERICA & USA
  • 23. Resistance mounted from 1919 for chemical usage in Agriculture in USA and EuropeAfter comprehensive study from 1948 to 1968 Italian Scientist Amerigo Mosca winner ofChemistry Prize in Brussels world Science fairProved beyond doubt in 1975 in his report to ITALIAN GOVERNMENT thatFarm Chemicals are Radiomimetic (imitates radio active materials) Effects are similar toRadiation. (these include fungicides of organic synthesis like Zineb, Captan, Phaltan etc.)All Chemicals dumped on Africa are equivalent to 29 H Bombs of 14 M.Tons 14500 A Bombs of Hiroshima TypeBy 1970 USA produced 453 000 Tons of Chemicals equivalent to 145 H Bombs of 14 M.Tons 72 000 A Bombs of Hiroshima TypeFrom 1945 to 1975 Mentally Retarded Children in Live Births increased 15% 30% sperm count down in productive males (because of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticidies like RCB DDT) 25% of the male college students SterileThis report was classified by Italian and US governments at the request ofITALIAN CHEMIAL FERTILIZER GIANT MONTEDISONGlossed off and forgotten.
  • 24. RESISTENCE &COUNTER RESEARCH INDIA 1914 – 1945 SIR ALBERT HOWARD Imperial Chemist Botanist, Government of British Raj, Pusa Agri Facility Author of The Soil and Health Conducted Research in to the comparison of Chemical Fertilizer Farms versus Organic Bio Fertilizer Vermi compost Farms Organic Food Vs Chemical Fertilizer FoodCattle fed on are resistant for Hoof and Mouth Disease & Mad Cow & other infections Cattle fed on Ammonia/Sulphate break out of disease (Even today Ongole Bull Semen is smuggled to US Brazil) Organic Food brings Immunity to Parasitic Activity Degenerative Disease Immunity Preventive of occurring diseases Creative of New energies Chemicals leave imperfectly synthesized protein in leaver causing all diseases. CONCLUDED IN 1945 CHEMICALS WERE WASTE OF MONEY.
  • 25. Chemically grown Wheat Pulses are 15% to 25% DEFICIENT in Protein thus giving the argument that Vegetarian Food is defficient and Need meat supplements Which was pushed by the cattle industry. Once the Mechanization is on full swing the cattle that was used in farming was excess. Forced in to meat consumption. The chemical dousing of land helped the Meat industry to stabilize by promoting the meat consumption as the natural foods Are becoming deficient in nutritional values.But the chemical consumption pushed variour new forms of disease in cattle and other animals Used in meat industry like Mouth and Hoof disease finally culminating in the deadly Wasting Disease called BSE and its human verrsion CZK disease.
  • 26. 1936 J I Rodate founder of magazine Organic Gardening and Farming CHINA only with Organic Farming feeding 100 Million Cattle 300 Million Hogs 600 Million People1939 Dr William A Albrecht, Chaiman, Dept.of Soils, University of Missouri Soil Fertility declines with the lack of ORGANIC MATERIAL & Trace Material and Elements. Growth of Degenerative Diseases1901 – 29 1920-29 1947-48 10% < 39% 60%1939-1969 Louis Bloomfield, author of Rains Came, came to India learned about Humus, Plant Nutrition, Soil Management, Came to Pleasant Valley, OHIO, Started Malabar Farm. Lady Eve Balfour, Published The Living Soil.
  • 27. 1948 Louis Bloomfield was slated to become Secretary Agriculture if Thomas E Dewey would have won US Elections But Harry Truman won the election and Appointed Charles Walters Jr (a devout Jesuit) as Agriculture Secretary (1948 – 1980)• Richard Carson published SILENT SPRING Bird, Christopher published Soil Management, Organic Farming, AgriculturalEcology
  • 28. All Chemicals Fertilizers Fungicides 1948-1968 Europe USA Dumped on AFRICA LATIN AMERICA & USAWhen Awareness raised and Latin America and Africa Resisted Then They Dumped Every thing on INDIA Between 1968 - 1975 (Green Revolution)
  • 29. Indian Scenario 1900 – 1968 Chemical Fertilizer Consumption until 1968 1978-793.5 kilos per hectare (1 ½ Acres) 50 kilos per hectareCountry Consumption 1.1 Million tons 50 MillionTons REASONS World Bank applied pressure to allow STANDARD OIL OF CALIFORNIA its subsidiary INTERNATIONAL MINERALS AND CHEMICALS Forced Government to back farm credit, give loans to farmers, subsidize chemicals Rather than war Profits Public Tax Money Was siphoned for paying International fertilizer companies. From then no turning back. What was rejected in Europe USA and Africa was Dumped on unsuspecting Indians.
  • 30. Condemning the above approach of dousing world with chemicalsChromatography Ehrenfried PfeifferCapillary Dynamolisis Lilly Kolisko after 35 years research wrote “Agriculture of Tomorrow”Sensitive Crystallization Pfeiffer1950 – 52 First City Organic Compost Plant for solid waste management constructed in Oakland California, named COMCO COMPANY. First time a variant TB bacteria is used to decompose the waste in 1/6 time than natural compost cycle.
  • 31. Dams: USA In perspective• They rapidly expanded in to agriculture taming the greatest rivers like Missisipi Missouri etc. Thousands of earth works and dams are built all across the country from the beginning of 19th century.• Precisely 79 000 dams (small medium and big). They more than 100 years to observe and learn the damage or benefits caused by dams.• Finally with advances of technologies in hydrology river management ecology and environmental science and high pressure physics the US decided to take a new path of water management.• Since 1945 post war US took the lead in demolishing already constructed dams. They dismantled thousands of dams.• In the last decade (2001-2012) they de commissioned more than 975 dams at a pace of 100 dams per year. They realized that the operative costs of maintaining dams is more than cheap alternatives available in the erstwhile benefits of dams.
  • 32. Dams: Economics of borrowing and technology purchase• Big dams are prone to cost overruns: as much as 30% on average, calculates Mc Cully.• The costs of resettling people are not fully accounted for. Because dams do not last that long, say greens, it is wrong to treat such energy as renewable.• By design, dams alter the natural flow regime, and with it virtually every aspect of a river ecosystem, including water quality, sediment transport and deposition, fish migrations and reproduction, and riparian and floodplain habitat and the organisms that rely on this habitat.• Dams also require ongoing maintenance. For example, reservoirs in sediment-laden streams lose storage capacity as silt accumulates in the reservoir. In arid climates reservoirs also experience a high rate of water loss to evaporation.• significant economic impacts on dam owners (private owners of governments,• In India we have to borrow from world bank to maintain dams) the surrounding community and society in general.• As dams age, maintenance costs and safety hazards often increase, resulting in an increasing financial burden and liability on the dam owner.• Depending on the river and the fisheries being impacted by the dam, an owner may also be required to retrofit the structure with fish passage facilities or make other upgrades to comply with water quality standards.
  • 33. • When dams diminish fisheries, communities can lose jobs and sustenance, or the source of their cultural or spiritual life. This is the greatest realization on the part of Americans that Rivers and agri (Culture) goes hand in hand. However, as society has come to understand, dams can cause significant social and environmental impacts that outweigh the benefits they provide• “The consensus among river ecologists is that dams are the single greatest cause of the decline of river ecosystems”• World Commission on Dams. Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision- Making. Cape Town, 2000.• Because of these and other concerns, some dam owners and managers or governments are finding that it makes more sense to remove certain dams, often benefiting the community ecologically and socially, rather than make costly repairs or upgrades.• Also it was documented the River will come to life within 6 months removing all pollutants in it that were done by humans taking them in to sea thus stabilizing them and the entire river eco system will revert back to its original levels of before damming.• Americans are the first to revert to Organic farming. Though their MNCs are pumping the world with deadly industrial chemicals inside their country they created so much regulatory and activist mechanism that prevented use of harm full chemicals in many areas that could end up in human or agricultural consumption. (The politics of bottling companies MNCs to dominate control of water in
  • 34. • Power Generation• Dams are built for power generation. US alone demonstrated by increasing end user efficiency and using emerging technologies they can substitute 75% of their hydro electrical power.• Flood Plain management• As floodplain managers, state resource agencies and local communities wrestle with the problems associated with flood-control dams; cities around the country are implementing innovative techniques for managing floods without new dams. While many of these alternatives are not quick fixes, they are real solutions that can be implemented with long-term planning. The following are some alternative approaches to dams for flood management:• • Reducing runoff• • Riparian & in-river flood management• • Separating the people & the threat
  • 35. • Water Diversion - the Primary purpose of Dams (human agricultural purposes)• A primary purpose of many dams, both large and small, is to facilitate water diversions. Although existing water supplies can be stretched much further and new water infrastructure can be delayed using water conservation and efficiency strategies described below, people will continue to divert• water from rivers and other surface sources for various purposes.• Nearly 80 percent of water consumed in the United States comes from surface supplies— rivers, creeks and lakes.1 In California alone, there are more than 25,000 points of diversion from streams.2 Thus, there are at least 25,000 locations in the state at which fish and other river organisms can be• harmed in the process of meeting our need for water. In many dam investigations, the question comes down to: could we still divert water if the dam is removed or modified, or not built at all? In many cases, the answer is yes.
  • 36. Several, more river-friendly alternatives to traditional permanent dam diversion methods are discussed below, including:• • Infiltration galleries and wells• • Screened pipe intakes• • Seasonal dams• • Consolidated diversions• Nigerian activist Nnimmo Basse, winner of the prestigious Right Livelihood Award launched a movie production series documenting the effects of dams all across the world. The production was launched today at the COP17 climate meeting in Durban. The video and tour allow viewers to explore why dams are not the answer to climate change, by learning about topics such as reservoir emissions, dam safety, and adaptation while visiting real case studies in the Amazon, Africa, and the Indian and Pakistani Himalayas.• Between 1939-1969, Louis Bloomfield, author of Rains Came, came to India learned about Humus, Plant Nutrition, Soil Management, Came to Pleasant Valley, OHIO, USA, and Started Malabar Farm. Lady Eve Balfour, Published The Living Soil. Despite resistance from giant Agri Multinationals Americans steadily progressed in replacing at least in their country the food with organic produce components.
  • 37. CHINA in perspective• In the year 1936, J I Rodate founder of magazine Organic Gardening and Farming reported after studying the Chinese farming practices that CHINA only with Organic Farming feeding 100 Million Cattle, 300 Million Hogs, 600 Million People during that period.• The only reason China building three Gorges dam was to loot Gangotri basin water reserves and store that for future purposes.
  • 38. EU in perspective• From the beginning there were no huge dams in EU for electricity. France gets 80% of its energy needs from nuclear energy. Rivers are managed more on the lines of Americans. In the field of organic farming and feeding they are forefront in research and development.
  • 39. BRAZIL in perspective• Brazil is the first country to create an environmental police to protect Amazon river from being dammed. Brazil is the country that pushed bio fuels and organic farming as alternate to chemicals.
  • 40. India in perspective post liberalization• On the front of Dams we want to borrow from world bank to maintain our dams or repair our dams.• English companies are consultants for this and Australian companies will teach us how to manage dams and the ecology and remove pollution of our rivers at a whopping cost of Rs 35 000 crores only for Ganaga River alone.• There are two similar attempts done by Indians under Ganga Action Plan 1 (Rs 1000 crores) and Gap 2 (with Rs 10000 crores). Now this time it is Rs 35 000 crores for Ganga alone.• That too IIT are romped in for authenticity by foreign MNCs. Now IIT rarely teach a combined curriculum of River Ecology, Fisheries, Alluvial Sociology, Agricultural development together.
  • 41. We present our views on Water Privatization as the solution offered to manage the growth in water consumption and the severe water scarcity is not viable and we offer alternatives solutions with their proven success.
  • 42. Water, Water…• Privatization of water systems: – Increasing concern: In developing countries• Triggered by: – The growth of the for-profit private sector management• Attention: – Who owns, who operates, who pays, how much, who decides, on what basis?
  • 43. Defining Water Privatization• India “Disinvestment”• Bolivia “Capitalization”• Vietnam “Equitization”• Sri Lanka “Peoplization”• China “Ownership reform”• Mexico “Disincorporation”• In Essence : Commoditization of Water• Shifting Power to Corporations – Manage/Control water viz. Ownership, Collection, Purification, Distribution, Pricing
  • 44. Multipurpose Projects  Municipal and Industrial  Irrigation  Flood control  Hydroelectric power  Navigation  Water quality  Recreation  Fisheries  Drainage & sediment control  Preservation and enhancement of natural water areas, ecological diversity, archeology, etc
  • 45. Models• Service Contracts – Short term (1-3 years) – System Component-wise Contracts – Usually non-transparent• D(BOOT) – Long term (10-20 years) – Infrastructure development – Requires large investments• Divestiture – Long term (10-20 years) – Complete transfer of power to private companies
  • 46. Big Promises…• Private sector is better, more efficient manager• Improve water/sanitation services, including to poor• No more water leakages and careful consumption• No major water rate increases in next 5-10 years• Private sector infuses capital to finance needed investments (e.g., water pipes, sewerage treatment plants)• No more government subsidies or outlays• No more political interference, no more corruption
  • 47. Case study: Shivanath River• The 1998 project, the first case of water privatization in India, a 22-year renewable contract, with total expected cost of Rs 256 crore• The Project – Supply water to the Borai industrial area along a 23-km stretch of Shivanath river• Players – Radius Water (Kailash Soni ) – Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation• Outcome – Radius Water supplies 4 million litres daily of water at the rate of Rs 12.60 per litre to industries, the railway station and a railway colony – The river, they say, has become inaccessible theres water but they are not allowed to fish and bathe. – News: A River Gone Private is Drying Up – a monopoly on the water supply in an 18-km radius – Government announced that the scheme is constitutionally illegal – Contract revoked• Governments contact was unembarrassedly catering to corporate interests.
  • 48. Bolivia: Cochabamba• 1999, A 40 year concession in Cochabamba• Players – World Bank – Bachtel and another Italy based International Water Company• Water User fees in dollars• Outcome – Fees went to $20 per month (Household income $65). – Permits requirement for collecting rain water on roofs. – Mass local protests organized into a coalition in defense of water and life. – After weeks of intense protests, the government cancelled the contract.• Bechtel is suing Bolivia for $25 million dollars for canceling the contract.
  • 49. Other case studies• Several cases similar/worse to the two discussed here are available in literature and have been briefed in the document
  • 50. Visible Threats• Water Price hikes – Forgotten promises• Water Mining and Bulk Export – Environmentally unsustainable – Profit oriented• Monopolistic Water Market – Elimination of public control on water while it remains crucial to humanity• Substandard Water Quality – Reduce cost increase profit• Corruption and lack of transparency – Absence of strong regulatory authority and delays in legal processing
  • 51. Alternate Models• Rain water Harvesting• Urban Rainwater Harvesting, Chennai and Delhi• Watershed Management Kothapally, Andhra Pradesh• Participatory Water Management, Porto Alegre, Brazil• Consumers Co-operative Santa Cruz, Bolivia• Trade Union Co-operative, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 52. Government Policy• National Water Policy – Incomplete/Incompetent – Remains silent on vital issues offering opportunities to profit oriented business of selling water• Future Discussion
  • 53. Lessons• Private management: Not necessarily better than public – Other fiascos: Buenos Aires, Cochabamba, Jakarta, Atlanta, New Delhi, Ontario, Ghana, Nicaragua• The need for strong regulatory capability – In case of water utilities, if you don’t have strong regulatory environment, forget about privatization… But if you have strong regulatory environment, why privatize at all?• Re-assess water privatization – Explore other options: Alternate models• Water is a basic human right – Government must ensure everyone gets the minimum amount of water he/she needs for his/her minimum basic requirements. – If viewed as an ‘economic good’ or just like any other commodity, only those who can afford the price will be able to access water

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