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  • 1. 3200 Stational) 20% 40 Residential Transportation Portable Power Landfll Wastewater Treatment 21 21 IQPC Introduction to the Fuel Cells 2001 Con- ference 3200 3C 2002.5.1 NO.3 21
  • 2. 1. 2015 2000 12 3. 21 2050 90 90 2004 30ppm 2005 1996 50ppm 1 2 35 26 13 40 91 2 4 2. 40 1950 40 1999 253 159 60 40 2000 12 4022 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 3. 2 0 0 2 / 5 1839 William Grove Reformer e- e- e- o Electric Circuit e- 2 e- from air e- o2 o2 H2 H+ H+ Poiyner H+ H + o2 Fuel $Electrolyie H+ Mernbrane Cathode Catalyst Anode Catelyst Polymar Electrolyte Membrane H2O‚Œfi˘¤ •‰¡GFUEL CELL 2000 Exhaust 2002.5.1 NO.3 23
  • 4. Fuel Cell Program Future Cost Reduction Cost Reduction 90 4,000 PAFC 21st Electric Efficiency% 80 century s/kw, Installed 3,000 70 Hybirds 60 MCFC& SOFC 2,000 MCFC& SOFC 50 Hybirds 1,000 21st 40 PAFC century 0 0 30 19982003 2010 2015 1998 2003 2010 2015 Calendar Year Calendar Year 25 40 1 40 60 24 31 10.5 1524 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 5. 2 0 0 2 / 5 CO21KW CO2 200KW 962DBA 2002.5.1 NO.3 25
  • 6. 500Wh/kg 200 Wh/kg Li-ion 110 125 Wh/kg Ni-MH 60 80Wh/kg Ni-Cd 40 50Wh/kg Ni-Cd Ni-MH 2 8 Alkaline Fuel Cell, 3 AFC 40 AFC 196026 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 7. 2 0 0 2 / 5 PEMFC CO2 PEMFC Proton Ex- 40 60change Membrane Fuel Cell, PEMFC PEMFC 250KW Du Pont Nafion Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell, PAFC PAFC 1960 1980 Los Alamos 40 1970 1980 2002.5.1 NO.3 27
  • 8. 1983 1985 Direct Me- 4500KW thanol Fuel Cell, DMFC DMFC 11000KW PEMFC 1991 PAFC Reformer CO 5000KW 11000KW Molten Car- 1 bonate Fuel Cell, MCFC 20 54 2MW MCFC AFC PAFC MCFC SOFC 1997 MCFC PEMFC 3C DMFC Solid Oxide PAFC Fuel Cell, SOFC (O-2) (e-) 1 SOFC SOFC SOFC SOFC FSZ 5528 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 9. 2 0 0 2 / 52002.5.1 NO.3 29
  • 10. SOFC PEMFC DMFC 1W 250W PEMFC Ballard Ballard Benz Ford 50kW 250kW Ballard 2000 2004 TO Y O TA30 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 11. 2 0 0 2 / 5 Benz Chrysler 1994 21 Benz 1996 6 1997 Benz 25kW Benz IFC MTIEnergy Partners H 2005 21Power Analytic Power 10Allied Signal IHI PEM DeNora Toyota 1997GM Chrysler BMWVolkswagen Volvo Rover OpelRenault 2001 Chrysler 91 1 9 15 2005 PEM 2002.5.1 NO.3 31
  • 12. Spencer Abraham 1000 10 Ballard Freedom 1kW Matsushida CAR Ballard GPU 250kW PEMFC PAFC MTI DTE Energy Plug Power32 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 13. 2 0 0 2 / 5 10kW 250W PAFC PEMFC Forschungszentrum Julich 2005 H Power 65 20 Sofinov STA H Power 1981 1986 IFC H 110Power MITI 1992 2002.5.1 NO.3 33
  • 14. 2000 2000 1960 DMFC Los Alamos National Lab. 1 in2 0.1 70 in DMFC 2003 Energy Related Devices, Inc. Manhattan AFC Scientifics Inc. 1,000 DMFC 1980 AFC MCPC SOFC PEMFC DMFC PDA 2.5cm 1990 PEMFC SOFC 500g 8W MCFC PEMFC 40 2000 30KW 0.5cm PEMFC 3000 2010 77 PEMFC 87 10 91 PEMFC 1 21 8834 2002.5.1 NO.3
  • 15. 2 0 0 2 / 5 PEMFC 89 88 4. PEMFC 3C90 PEMFC 1 10kW 3C 5. DMFC 6.3C 1. PEMFC DMFC 21 22 2. PAFC MCFC SOFC 3. PEMFC 2002.5.1 NO.3 35