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  1. 1. 1.0 IntroductionThis paper is to fulfil the requirement of FIK 3042. This is the third assignment and Ihave chosen “truancy” as my topic and two articles related to the particular topic.2.0 ArticlesBelow are two related articles that I have chosen.2.1 Title : Truancy: Poor Bahasa Malaysia skills the root case Writer : Liong Kam Choong Source : Internet website: the-root-cause-1.700892.2 Title : Reducing truancy among students Writer : Mr. A. Jeyraj Source : Internet website: The gist or main points of each articles3.1 Article 1- Poor Bahasa Malaysia skills the root cause There are two groups of truants, that is the international truants, who have readyaccess to school, but choose to play truant. They are well endowed with schoolingfacilities the anf come from a very well-financed family. Another group is theuninternational truants who find difficult access school, particularly in rural and remoteareas. They come from a poor family and absent from school to help them. Another fsctoris the transport where the nearest school is too far from their house. The main reason fortruancy is the lack of interest and commitment in studying and the cause is the students’inadequate proficiency in the main medium of instruction which is Bahasa Malaysiaespecially in secondary schools. They are totally lost in class when they can’t understandthe lessons taught. It will become a torture for them and theu ends up by dissapearingfrom class. Urgent steps need to be taken to strenghten the proficiency of BM amongthem. The vernacular school should have the same syllabus and UPSR BM papers as the
  2. 2. national schools. The catching-up of BM in secondary school is injustice for thesestudents which become the major cause of truancy. Enrolling students who lack ofinterest in studying in vocational schools or in classes with vocational subjects in normalclasses has been cited as a way to arrest truancy. The poor command of BM is surely themain reason the student cannot follow the theory part of the subjects which make themloss interest in studies and choose to play truant.3.2 Article 2- Reducing truancy among students. The Education Department of Perak stated that many students are involved in truancywith the ssame repeaters. The department conducts some activities and programmes tohelp students refrain from truancy. It is a collaboration efforts from the police,StateWelfare Department and other agencies. The programmes brings out creativityamong students and help teachers to ding ways to handle students. The police act oncompaintsreceived. They are very senstive in dealing with the students. The truant caughtare handed over to the schools. The parents are contacted and they have to deal with theproblems themselves as most of them usually do not want their children to be exposed topublic. All the primary and secondary schools in Perak have assigned a Police RelationOfficer with a rank of Corporal and above. He/ She will pay at least oncde a month visitto the schools. He/ She works with the Principal and Parent Teachers Association to helpin handling the disciplinary problems and safety of the students. The cyber cafés are suchpremises that the police asked the state government to review especially the licensing ofthem. Should stricter condition be imposed, it would reduce the truancy problem. Last butnot least, the parents should play a vital role in ensuring their chidren attend school, evenextra classes by making spot checks. Parents should not put responsibilities on schoolsonly for it is a collective responsibility from parents, schools and police to discipline thetruants. Parents are responsible for the behaviour of their children, no matter how busythey are.
  3. 3. 4.0 ReflectionThere are many possible factors that cause truancy in schools such as family factors,school factors, health and bad influences from friends and peers in school. Familyfactors; for example. Some students do not get enough support and encouragement fromtheir parents. The students may also feel bored or disillusioned with school because his orher educational needs are not met equally. There are also students who may be sufferingfrom health problems that they often skip schools while some other may faced badinfluences as part of pressures of growing up from their friends.In Article 1 titled “Poor Bahasa Malaysia The Root Cause”, I agree with writer LiongKam Chong about the students from Chinese and Tamil schools who have great difficultyin understanding the lessons especially in Bahasa Malaysia which is the main reason theyplay truant. As for these problems, I recommend the schools should use a reward system,that gives the student a tangible reward for the student who use the most Bahasa Malaysiain school. Teachers will find ways to keep the student from failure at all costs. Neverpinnalised their mistakes but use them as encouragement. The schools are alsoencouraged to conduct more efficient programmes in Bahasa Malaysia like the BahasaMalaysia week or DJ Corner everyday during recess where students translate everyinformation in Bahasa Malaysia. Teachers have to create a full involvement from thestudents. The counsellors in school should be of a great help to the students who havedifficulties in Bahasa Malaysia. From my experience, the successful CEE programme(Create English Environment) in schools can be modified into CBME (Create BahasaMalaysia Environment) where only Bahasa Malaysia is used in certain areas in school.With these, it is hopeful the students will their grades and understand the lesson well andfeel motivated to attend school. Many students who have failing grades see no point inreturning to school once they have failed. Increase responsibility in the student by givingextra time to make up their weak grades in Bahasa Malaysia. This can be done afterschool (with parents’ permission), or perhaps during a class that the student is notrequired to do a lot of work, i.e. PE and Art Lesson.
  4. 4. Is truancy a major problem? Yes, according to various studies. Students who are not inschool are not learning or progressing. According to Mr. A.Jeyaraj in his article,“Reducing Truancy among Students” the parents should monitor their children’sactivities because parents are responsible for the behaviour of their children. I certainlyagree in this matter because parents play the fundamental role in the education of theirchildren. If the parents try and spend more time lovingly with their children, give themfull support in what they do and praised their hardwork, I think this can reduce truancyamong students. Basically, a students family plays an important role in moulding theirlifestyle. When a child has less communication with their parents and acquired somenegative friendships, they start to do something brutal in order to fulfill their leisure.Parents should spend more time with their children and be able to talk to them as friends.I strongly believe that parents have all the power or ability to change a problematicchilds behavior. This is because, parents are the designers of children, who are like aplain white cloth in childhood. In my opinion, parents should be blamed for studentsmisbehavior and disciplinary problems in school.Children who are neglected and longingfor parents love started to involve in indisciplinary problems such as gangsterism,bullying and truancy in order to attract their parents attention. They start to mingle upwith bad group of students where they feel free. Throughout school districts there must be a zero tolerance towards condoning truantstudents. In my knowledge, some schools found out that linking truancy to such itemssuch as student’s grades and School Leaving Certificate can help reduce the truancyproblem. The Disciplinary Board in schools can order a truant to attend counseling or toattend an educational program designed for him or her. Mentoring schmes have beenshown to have a positive effect on attendance, while involvement in sport, music ordrama can transform a reluctant pupils’s attitude to school. In my experience, someschools carry out a regular spot-checks in areas where students who skip lessons mighttake refuge. The school make connections with the police of their schools or localshopkeepers, cyber centres and departmental stores the details of their school badge anduniforms, photographs of regular truants and the school number to call. If they do report atruant, the school will respond at once. The parents will be informed and asked to
  5. 5. participate in the local parenting education programmes. When part of a comprehensiveanti-truancy initiative, police sweeps of neighbourhood in which truant youth are oftenfound can prove dramatically effective. I strongly believe that teachers play a vital role in students misbehaviour anddisciplinary problems. Students spending most of their time in both school and home. So,apart parents its teachers responsibility to guide the kids into right path. Principle shouldprovide additional professional developments for teachers so they will have knowledgehow to use their time effectively and efficiently to tackle the students. The Principleshould also provide a conducive school environment to all students learning. They shouldinstil good moral values during lessons. If the class is interesting and if they like theteacher for sure students wont cut the class and wondering outside school during classhour. In a research made by a group of researches from Faculty of Education,UTM, mostresponders agree that the teachers kindness gave the student chances to share theirproblems while giving them too much homework causing them to absent. They also agreethat truancy at school covered most of the students discipline problem. A detailed study on truancy in schools is carried out by the Education Ministry,Malaysian Crime Prevention Foundation and University Malaya this year, The Educationdeputy minister Datuk Dr. Wee Ka Siong said that truancy is still the main factor fordisciplinary problems in schools. He further informed that the ministry would enforce theStandard Operating Procedure (SOP) to resolve disciplinary problems in schools in sevendays. Under the procedure, the State Education Department, District Education Officeand schools must resolve each problem in the set timeframe. A disciplinary problem mustbe reported to the ministry in one day, without any delays. A Disciplinary OperationsRoom would also be set up at the ministerial level to process and analyse the situationevery week. I personally think if this procedure is carried out efficiently, the problems oftruancy can be reduced.
  6. 6. References:1. magazine article/ TES Newpaper/ 24 January, 2003, /Steven Hastings2. http://www.eurojournals.com5. ClosureTruancy is the first sign of trouble; the first indicator that a young person is giving up andlosing his or her way. When young people start skipping school, they are telling theirparents, school officials and the community at large that they are in trouble and need ourhelp if they are to keep moving forward in life.Academic problems, mental health issues, family dynamics, and social problems cancontribute heavily to student absenteeism. With proper intervention and support,students’ school attendance and achievement can improve dramatically.Research data tells us that students who become truant and eventually drop out of schoolput themselves at a long term disadvantage in becoming productive citizens. In addition,high school dropouts who are employed earn much lower salaries. Students who becometruant and eventually drop out of high school too often set themselves up for a life ofstruggle.Truancy is a gateway to crime. High rates of truancy are linked to high daytime burglaryrates and high vandalism. Truancy prevention efforts should be a part of any communitypolicing effort to prevent crime before it happens.