“ Out of the Ash:” Sylvia Plath’s “ Lady Lazarus” and “Daddy” By Teresa Yuh-yi （ 談玉儀 ） 2011.9.20 談玉儀
Table of Contents 1
Sylvia Plath’s Biography
“ Lady Lazarus”
YouTube: Plath Reads “Lady Lazarus”
Structure, Title Name, Theme
YouTube: Plath Reads “Daddy”
Metaphor, Title Name, Theme, and Narrator
Table of Contents 2
The Film Sylvia , 2004
Websites Reference and Bibliography
Sylvia Plath 1 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
An American poet, novelist and short story writer
Known primarily for her poetry, Plath also wrote a semi-autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar , under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas.
The book's protagonist , Esther Greenwood , is a bright, ambitious student at Smith College who begins to experience a mental breakdown while interning for a fashion magazine in New York.
Sylvia Plath 2 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
The Bell Jar
The plot parallels Plath's experience interning at Mademoiselle magazine
and subsequent mental breakdown and suicide attempt.
Along with Anne Sexton, Plath is credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry initiated by Robert Lowell.
Sylvia Plath 3 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
Plath was born in Massachusetts
Her father Aurelia Schober Plath , a first-generation American of Austrian descent, and mother Otto Emile Plath, an immigrant from Grabow , Germany .
Plath's father was a professor of zoology and German at Boston University and a noted bee specialist.
Sylvia Plath 4 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
Otto Plath died on November 5, 1940, a week and a half after Plath's eighth birthday, of complications following the amputation of a foot due to diabetes ,
Plath published her first poem in Winthrop, in the Boston Herald 's children's section, when she was eight years old.
Sylvia Plath 5 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
She obtained a Fulbright scholarship to Cambridge University where she continued actively writing poetry
It was at a party given in Cambridge that she met the English poet Ted Hughes .
They were married on June 16, 1956 (Bloomsday) after a short courtship.
Sylvia Plath 6 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
Plath and Hughes spent from July 1957 to October 1959 living and working in the United States.
Upon learning that Plath was pregnant, the couple moved back to the United Kingdom.
While there, Plath published her first collection of poetry, The Colossus .
In February 1961, she suffered a miscarriage .
Sylvia Plath 7 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
Plath's marriage to Hughes was fraught with difficulties, particularly surrounding his affair with Assia Wevill , and the couple separated in late 1962.
She returned to London with their children, Frieda and Nicholas, and rented a flat at 23 Fitzroy Road
in a house where W. B. Yeats once lived.
Sylvia Plath 8 (1932-1963)
3 attempted suicides
First one was an accident that made her almost drowned at 10 .
Plath made her first medically documented suicide attempt by crawling under her house and taking an overdose of sleeping pills in her junior at Smith University.
The last one in 1963 when she put her head in the oven while the gas was turned on.
Sylvia Plath 9 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
Plath's gravestone in Heptonstall churchyard bears the inscription " Even amidst fierce flames the golden lotus can be planted ."
Sylvia Plath 10 (1932-1963) from Wikipedia
The poems in Ariel mark a departure from her earlier work into a more personal arena of poetry .
The impact of Ariel was dramatic, with its potentially autobiographical descriptions of mental illness in poems
such as, “Daddy” and “Lady Lazarus.”
The Ted Hughes controversy Wikipedia
As Plath's widower, Hughes became the executor of Plath's personal and literary estates. This proved to be controversial, as it is uncertain whether Plath had begun divorce proceedings before her death
Many critics accused Hughes of attempting to control the publications for his own ends