News vocab


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News vocab

  1. 1. 1 คําศัพทจากขาวAa great deal - a lot มากabandon - to stop doing an activity before you have finished it, to leave a place,especially because it is difficult or dangerous to stay there ละทิ้ง, เลิกabandoned - left by someone ที่ถูกละทิ้งabandonment - the act of leaving a person, thing or place with no intention of returningการทอดทิ้ง, การละทิ้งabbey - a large church together with a group of buildings in which monks or nuns live orlived in the past มหาวิหาร, โบสถใหญ, วัดabbot - the head monk at a temple เจาอาวาสabdication - the process of giving up the position of being king or queen การสละราชสมบัติabdomen - the lower part of a persons or animals body, which contains the stomach,bowels and other organs ทอง, ชองทองabide by - to follow a rule, law or instruction ทําตามกฎหมายabnormal - not usual or typical ผิดปกติ ไมธรรมดาabound - to be present in large numbers or amounts มีมากมายabroad - in or to a foreign country ในตางประเทศabrupt - sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant อยางกะทันหันabsolute monarchy - a system in which a king or queen has unlimited powers ระบอบสมบูรณาญาสิทธิราชabsolutely - completely โดยสิ้นเชิง, อยางแนนอน, อยางแทจริงabsolve - to state formally that somebody is not guilty or responsible for something ปลดเปลื้อง, อภัยโทษabsorb - to take in a liquid, gas or other substance form the surface or space around ซึมซับ ดูดกลืนabundant - more than enough มากมายabuse - the use of something in a bad, dishonest, or harmful way การใชในทางที่ผิดacademic - someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their jobนักวิชาการacademic year - school year ปการศึกษาaccept - to admit that you are responsible or to blame for something ยอมรับการตําหนิ,รับผิดชอบaccess - having the opportunity to have or use something, the ability to enter a buildingor place การเขาสู มีโอกาสในการใช
  2. 2. 2access road - a road that connects with a highwayaccessible - easy to talk to and to get to know ที่สนิทไดงายaccommodate - is able to accept (here: able to accept gasohol as fuel to make the carwork)accompanied - went with ติดตาม, รวมทาง, เดินทางไปดวยaccompany - to happen or appear with something else มากับ, รวมกับaccomplishment - something that is successful, or that is achieved after a lot of work oreffort, to finish something successfully or to achieve something ทําสําเร็จ ความสําเร็จ, การบรรลุผลaccusation - a statement that someone has done something wrong or illegal eventhough this has not been proved ขอกลาวหาaccused - to be said to have done something wrong or committed a crime ถูกกลาวหาacknowledge - to accept or admit that something exists, is true or is real ยอมรับacquit - to state officially that someone is not guilty of the crime they were accused ofตัดสินใหพนโทษAct - a law passed by a country’s government พ.ร.บ. พระราชบัญญัติactivist - someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political orsocial change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation นักกิจกรรมad-hoc - done only when needed for a specific purpose, without planning or preparationเกี่ยวกับสิ่งนี้โดยเฉพาะadapt - to change something to suit different conditions or uses ทําใหเหมาะ, ทําใหเขากับ,ปรับadaptation - a film/movie, book or play that is based on a particular piece of work butthat has been changed for a new situation การดัดแปลง, การปรับใชaddicted - unable to stop using or doing something ซึ่งติดนิสัยในบางอยางaddress - to speak publicly to a group of people, a formal speech, to try to deal with aproblem or question จัดการกับปญหา คําปราศรัย กลาวปราศรัยadequate - good enough or large enough for a particular purpose พอเพียงadjacent - very near, next to, or touching ติดกันadjoining - next to and connected toadjust - to get used to a new situation by changing your ideas or the way you do things,to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitableปรับ, ปรับตัวadministration - government, the government of a country รัฐบาลadministrative - of the process or act of organising the way that something is done การบริหารAdministrative Court - the court which deals with disputes between the private sectorand government agencies ศาลปกครอง
  3. 3. 3admire - to respect somebody for what they are or for what they have done ชมเชย,ยกยองสรรเสริญadmirer - someone who has a feeling of great respect for someone or something ผูชมเชยadmit - to agree that something is true, especially when you are unhappy, sorry orsurprised about it, to put someone into hospital or prison เปดรับ, ยอมรับadopt - to accept or to start using something new นํามาใชadoptive - of someone who has legally adopted a child ที่เกี่ยวกับการรับเลี้ยงบุตรบุญธรรมadulation - admiration and praise การยกยอ, การประจบประแจงadult - a fully grown person who is legally responsible for their actions ผูใหญadvance - moving forward การเคลื่อนไปขางหนาadvances - attempts to start a romantic or sexual relationship with somebody แทะโลมadverse - having a negative or harmful effect on something ในทางลบ, เปนผลรายadvice - an opinion or a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particularsituation คําแนะนําadviser - a person who gives advice, especially somebody who knows a lot about aparticular subject ที่ปรึกษาaerial - (of a photograph) from a plane ภาพถายทางอากาศaffair - a sexual relationship between two people, especially when one of them ismarried to someone else ความสัมพันธเชิงชูสาว affairs - events affecting a government, military, organisation, etc. กรณียกิจ, กิจธุระaffiliated - a connection with a political party or religion, or with a larger organisation ที่ผูกพันaffiliation - a connection with a political party or religion, or with a larger organisationการผูกพันaffirm - to say or show that something is true ยืนยัน, รับรองafford - to not have to worry or think about something สามารถทําไดafter all - despite what has been said or expected อยางไรก็ตาม, ไมวาอยางไรก็ตามaftermath - the effects and results of something bad or important ผลที่ตามมาagriculture - the science or practice of farming เกษตรกรรม, การเกษตรaid - help; assistance ความชวยเหลือaide - someone whose job is to help another person in their work ผูชวยailment - an illness อาการปวย, โรคทางกายaim - to have as your purpose or goal มีเปาหมาย มีจุดมุงหมาย, to point a weapon atsomething that you want to hit เล็งairlift - to carry out an operation to take people, soldiers, food, etc. to or from an areaby aircraft, especially in an emergency or when roads are closed or dangerous ขนสง (คนหรือสินคา)ทางเครื่องบิน
  4. 4. 4aisle - a long narrow space between rows of seats in a church, aircraft, or cinema ทางเดินระหวางที่นั่ง (ในโบสถ, โรงภาพยนตร, เครื่องบิน)alert - to warn people to be prepared to deal with something dangerous; to tellsomeone in authority about a danger or problem so that they can take action to dealwith it เตือนใหระวัง, แจงใหทราบ, บอกalias - used when a person is known by two names; used before a different name thatsomeone uses instead of their real name ฉายา, สมญานามalienate - to make somebody less friendly or sympathetic towards you; to makesomebody feel that they do not belong in a particular group ทําใหเหินหาง, ทําใหแตกแยก,เมินหมาง, ไมเปนมิตรall but - almost completelyallegation - an accusation; a statement that someone has done something wrong orillegal even though this has not been proved ขอกลาวหาalleged - claimed to be true although not yet proven ที่ถูกกลาวหาallegedly - claimed to have done something wrong, but not yet proven ที่กลาวหาalliance - a coalition; an arrangement to work together, a group of people, politicalparties, etc. who work together in order to achieve something that they all want พันธมิตรallocate - to officially give out an amount of or share of something แบงสวนallocation - an amount of or share of something, in this case, the national budget การแบงสวนalms - food, money, and other items that are given to Buddhist monks; money, clothesand food that are given to poor people ของทําบุญ ของบริจาคalter - to change เปลี่ยนแปลงalternative - something that you can choose instead of something else ทางเลือกambassador - a senior official who lives in a foreign country and represents his or herown country there เอกอัครราชทูตambition - the desire or determination to be successful, rich, powerful, etc; somethingthat you want to do or achieve very much ความทะเยอทะยาน, ความปรารถนาอันแรงกลาambitious - needing a great amount of skill and effort to be successful or be achievedใฝสูง, มักใหญใฝสูง, ทะเยอทะยานamid - in the middle of; at the same time as, during the time when something else ishappening ทามกลาง, ระหวางammunition - information that can be used against another person ขอมูลamnesty - a situation in which a government agrees not to punish people who havecommitted a crime การนิรโทษกรรมamplify - to increase something in strength, especially sound ขยาย, ทําใหเพิ่มขึ้นanalysis - the detailed study or examination of something in order to understand moreabout it; the result of the study การวิเคราะห
  5. 5. 5ancient - very old ที่เกาแก ที่โบราณangle - point of view; perspective; a particular way of considering or understandingsomething ทัศนคติanguish - painful emotions ความทรมาณทางจิตใจankle - the part at the bottom of your leg where your foot joins your leg ขอเทาanniversary - a date when you celebrate something that happened in a previous yearthat is important to you วันครบรอบannoyance - something that makes you feel slightly angry สิ่งที่รบกวน, ความรําคาญannoyed - feeling slightly angry or impatient รูสึกรําคาญใจannual - for one year, happening once a year ประจําปanonymous - not known or famous, not named ไมระบุชื่อ ซึ่งไมมีลักษณะเดนanticipate - to guess or expect that something will happen คาดการณantiques - old and valuable things that are usually looked at but not used โบราณวัตถุ,ของโบราณanxious - wanting something very much กระตือรือรน, กระสับกระสาย, รอนใจapologise - to say you are sorry for doing something wrong or for cause a problem ขอโทษapology - an act of saying sorry คําขอโทษapparent - clear; able to be seen or understood, seeming to be something although itmay not be real ดูเหมือนวา, ตามที่เห็นภายนอก ซึ่งเห็นไดชัดวาapparently - based only on what you have heard or think, not on what you are certainis true; seemingly ตามที่ไดรูมาAppeal Court (Court of Appeal) - a court that decides requests that a decision madeby a lower court be changed ศาลอุทธรณappeal to - to cause someone to like or want something ดึงดูดใจ ทําใหสนใจappeals court - a court that decides requests that a decision made by a lower court bechanged ศาลอุทธรณAppeals Court (Court of Appeal) - a court that decides requests that a decision madeby a lower court be changed ศาลอุทธรณappear - to seem ดูเหมือนจะ, ดูเหมือนวา, to go somewhere officially because you areinvolved in something, such as a trial or inquiry ปรากฏตัวอยางเปนทางการappearance - the way that somebody/something looks on the outside ลักษณะภายนอกappease - to say or do something in order to make someone feel less angry ปลอบใจ หรือทําใหเปนที่พอใจapplication - a formal request for permission to do or have something การขอappoint - to choose someone officially for a job or responsibility แตงตั้ง,ตั้งใหเปนappointment - when someone is officially chosen for a job การแตงตั้ง
  6. 6. 6appraise - to give a judgment about how much money something might be sold forประเมินคุณคาappreciate - to be grateful for something, i.e., feeling you want to thank someone forsomething they have done for you สํานึกในบุญคุณappreciation - pleasure in understanding something that is good or beautiful ความชอบ,ความชื่นชอบ, ความชื่นชมapprehension - a feeling of worry about something that might happen ความสงสัย,ความกลัว, ความหวาดหวั่นapproach - to start to speak or write to someone when you are asking for something ormaking an offer เขาหาapproachable - friendly and easy to talk to; easy to understand, to move closer tosomeone or something, in this case, closer in time, a way of doing or dealing withsomething; a particular way of doing something or thinking about something การจัดการกับปญหา วิธีการทําใหถึงจุดหมาย เขาใกล ที่เขาถึงไดงาย, ที่เปนมิตร, ที่สนิทไดงายappropriate - suitable or right for a particular situation or purpose ที่เหมาะสมapproval - official permission การอนุมัติapprove - to give official permission อนุมัติapproximately - almost, but not completely, accurate or correct โดยประมาณarch - a curved structure at the top of a door, window, or gate โครงสรางที่มีรูปโคงargue - to give reasons why you think that something is right/wrong, true/not true, etc,especially to persuade people that you are right หเหตุผล, อางเหตุผลarise - to happen as a result of a particular situation เกิดขึ้นarmlet - a band, usually made of metal, worn around the top of the arm ปลอกแขน, กําไลแขนarmoured vehicle - a military vehicle that is heavily protected by a metal covering รถหุมเกราะarms - weapons อาวุธaround the clock - at all times; twenty-four hours a dayarrangement - a plan or preparation that you make so that something can happen; anagreement that you make with somebody that you can both accept การจัดการ, ขอตกลงarrest - (of the police) to take someone to a police station because they are believed tohave committed a crime, (of the police or, in this case, soldiers) to take someone undercontrol because they are believed to have committed a crime จับกุมarrest warrant - a document signed by a judge allowing police to arrest someoneหมายจับarrested - caught by the police and taken to a police station because you are believedto have committed a crime ถูกจับกุม
  7. 7. 7arson - the illegal use of fire to destroy a house, building, or property; an arsonist is aperson who commits arson การลอบวางเพลิงartillery - large powerful guns that are used by an army and are moved on wheels orfixed in one place ปนใหญaspect - one part of a situation, problem, subject, etc ดาน,มุมassault - to attack someone violently ทํารายรางกายassessment - the process of making a judgment or forming an opinion, after consideringsomething or someone carefully, a judgment or opinion การประเมิน การประเมินสถานการณassets - things owned by a person, company etc., particularly money and propertyทรัพยสินassign - to give someone a job to do, to give a person a particular task or positionมอบหมาย, สั่งงานassociated with - connected with in some way ที่เชื่อมโยงกันassociation - an official group of people who have joined together for a particularpurpose สมาคมassume - to accept something to likely be true ทึกทักเอา, คิดวาเปนจริง,assurance - a promise; a guarantee การรับประกัน, การรับรองassure - to tell something that something is true or will definitely happen ใหความมั่นใจ,ยืนยันastrologer - someone who studies the movements and positions of the sun, moon,planets and stars and describes the expected effect that they believe these have on thecharacter and behaviour of humans – โหราจารย, โหร, นักโหราศาสตรat risk - in danger ตกอยูในความเสียง ่attend to - to take care of somebody/something ชวยดูแลattendance - the number of people who go to a place or an event จํานวนหรือผูคนที่ไปเขารวมattendee - a person who attends a meeting, etc. ผูเขารวม (ในการประชุม, งานตาง)attention - interest, especially interest that the public has in a person, event, situationetc ความสนใจattitude - someone’s opinions or feelings about something, especially as shown by theirbehaviour ทัศนคติ, ลักษณะทาทางattorney - a lawyer ทนายattorney-general - the top legal officer in some countries, who advises the leader of thegovernment อัยการสูงสุดattract - to cause someone to be interested in something ดึงดูดความสนใจattractive - pleasant to look at มีเสนหดึงดูดattribute - give as a reason; to believe that something is the result of a particularsituation, event, or person’s actions ใหเหตุผลวาเปน, ถือวาเปนของ
  8. 8. 8audience - the people who watch an event happen, the group of people gathered inone place to watch or listen to a play, film, someone speaking, etc. ผูชม,audit - to officially examine the financial records of a company, organization, or personto see that they are accurate สอบบัญชีauspicious - suggesting a positive and successful future ที่มีฤกษดีauthorise - to give official permission for something, or to give someone officialpermission to do something ใหอํานาจ, มอบอํานาจ, ใหสิทธิauthorities - people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law เจาหนาที่ผูมีอํานาจauthority - the power to make decisions or tell people what to do อํานาจ, อํานาจในการสั่งการavalanche - a mass of snow, ice, mud or rock that falls down the side of a mountainกอนหิมะ (น้ําแข็ง,ดิน,หิน) ที่พังทลายลงมา,สิ่งที่พังทลายลงมาaverage - an amount calculated by adding several amounts together, finding a total, anddividing the total by the number of amounts เฉลี่ย, คาเฉลี่ยavert - to prevent something bad or harmful from happening ปองกันไมใหเกิดaviation - the flying of aircraft การบินavoid - to try to prevent something from happening หลีกเลี่ยงawait - to wait for somebody/something รอคอยaward - to give something to somebody as a prize, payment, etc มอบใหaware - knowing that something exists, or having knowledge or experience of a particularthing ทราบawareness - the state of knowing about something การรับรู, การทราบawesome - extremely good ดีเยี่ยมawful (lot) - a large amount or too much of something มากมายawkward - difficult to deal with; causing problems กระอักกระอวนBbabysitter - a person who takes care of babies or children while their parents are awayfrom home and is usually paid to do this พี่เลี้ยงเด็กbaccarat - a card game in which players hold two or three cards each and bet on whosecards will have the highest number left highest number left การเลนไพแบ็กคาระbachelor - a man who is not yet married โสดback - to support ใหการสนับสนุนback down - to take back or remove a demand, an opinion, etc. that other people arestrongly opposed to ยอมตามback off - to stop or become less threatening or annoying somebody ถอย
  9. 9. 9background - the type of career, training, or education that someone has had ประวัติbacking - support การสนับสนุนbackstage - in the area behind the stage in a theatre, including the rooms where theactors get dressed หลังเวทีbackwards - towards a place or position that is behind you ไปขางหลังbail - money that is given to a court when someone is allowed to stay out of prisonuntil their trial. If they do not return for the trial, the court keeps the money เงินประกัน;การประกันตัวbalance - the ability to keep steady with an equal amount of weight on each side ความสมดุล, การทรงตัวbalance a budget - to make sure spending is not more than money received ทําใหงบประมาณใหสมดุลbalcony - a place where you can stand just outside an upper window. It sticks out fromthe wall of a building ระเบียงballot paper - the piece of paper on which someone marks who they are voting for บัตรเลือกตั้งban - to officially say that someone is not allowed to do something, an officialstatement ordering people not to do, sell or use something การหาม, หามอยางเปนทางการband together - to gather; to come together in a group รวมกลุม, รวมตัวกันimprovised –invented or made at the time when it is needed without already having planned it กระทําหรือประพันธอยางไมไดมีการตระเตรียมมากอน หรืออยางทันทีทันควัน, to gather; to come togetherin a group รวมกลุม, รวมตัวกันBangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) - the local government of Bangkokกรุงเทพมหานครbank - a raised area of land along the side of a river ริมฝงแมน้ําbanks - the raised areas of land along the side of a river ริมฝงแมน้ํา, ตลิ่งbanned - officially not allowed, officially not allowed to do something ถูกหาม ถูกหามอยางเปนทางการbar - a long straight piece of metal or wood ทอนbare hands - empty or uncovered hands มือเปลาbarge - a long flat boat used on rivers and barges เรือทองแบนbarrel - a large round container, usually made of wood or metal, with flat ends and,usually, curved sides, an object shaped like a wide tube; a metal container for gas orliquid กระบอก ถังใสของเหลวbase - a place where an army, a navy, etc. operates from ฐานทัพ, ฐานที่มั่นbash - a party or celebrationbasin - a large area of land whose surface water all flows into a particular river or lakeลุมน้ํา
  10. 10. 10bastion; stronghold - an area where there is a lot of support for a political party ฐานเสียง, ฐานที่มั่น, ขุมกําลังbatter - to hit repeatedly with great force ทุบตีติดตอกันbattle - to try very hard to achieve something difficult or to deal with somethingunpleasant or dangerous, to fight against ตอสู, ดิ้นรนตอสู, มุงมั่นฝาฟนbattle-scarred - injured or damaged in a war ไดรับความเสียหายจากสงครามbazaar - a street or an area of a town where there are many small shops ตลาดที่ขายของหลากหลายชนิดbeaming - smiling widely and happily ยิ้มแยมแจมใสbear a load - carry or holding up something heavybearing - a mechanical part that separates moving parts and is able to bear a load (SeeWikipedia)beat - to hit someone violently several times ตี, เคาะ, ตบbeauty contest / pageant - a competition in which women are judged on howphysically attractive they are ประกวดนางงามbeckon - to signal to someone to come towards you สงสัญญาณเรียกโดยการใชมือหรือศีรษะbed - the bottom of a river, the sea, etc พื้นดินกนทะเล แมน้ําหรือทะเลสาบbed of roses - a happy life without problems ชีวิตที่สุขสบายbeefs up - makes greater, strengthensbehaviour - the way that someone acts or behaves พฤติกรรม, การกระทําตัวbeige - a pale creamy brown colour สีน้ําตาลออนbelong to - to be owned by somebody เปนของbelongings - the things you own ขาวของเครื่องใชbeloved - a person who is loved very much by somebody ผูเปนที่รักbenefit - an advantage you get from a situation; a helpful or good effect, or somethingintended to help, (verb) - when an activity does good things for someone, to helpsomeone มีประโยชนตอ ผลประโยชนbenefit of the doubt - accepting that somebody has told the truth or has not donesomething wrong because you cannot prove that they have notbeset - to cause someone difficulty or danger over a period of time รุมเราดวยปญหาbesiege - to cause worry or distress to someone รบกวน, กอกวนbet - to risk money on a race or an event by trying to predict the result พนันbias - an attitude that you have that makes you treat someone or something in a waythat if unfair — อคติ, ลําเอียง, เดียดฉันทbiceps - the main muscle at the front of the top part of the arm กลามเนื้อดานหนาของแขนสวนบนbid - an attempt to do something ความพยายามbid farewell - to say goodbye ล่ําลา, กลาวลา, ลาจาก
  11. 11. 11bilateral - involving two groups or countries สองขาง, เกี่ยวกับกลุมทางการเมืองสองกลุม bill - a proposal for a law รางกฎหมายbitchy - rude or cruel about or towards someone else; often talking unkindly aboutother people ซึ่งพูดใหรายคนอื่นbitter - involving very angry feelings ความขมขื่นblackjack - a card game in which players try to collect cards with a total value of 21 andno more แบล็กแจ็ค, เกมไพชนิดหนึ่งblackout - a loss of electrical power ไฟดับblare - to make a loud and unpleasant noise honk สงเสียงดังblessing - Gods help and protection, or a prayer asking for this การใหพร, การสวดใหพรblindfold - to put something over somebodys eyes so they cannot see เอาผาปดตา, เอาผาผูกตาblock - to use your power to stop something from being done or from succeeding, tostop someone or something from moving through or along something else ปดกั้น, กีดขวางbloodshed - a situation in which people are killed or injured, especially during fightingการนองเลือดbloom - a flower (usually one on a plant that people admire for its flowers) ดอกไมblouse - a shirt for a woman or girl เสื้อครึ่งตัวของสตรีblow - an event that damages your chances of success สิ่งที่ทําใหเกิดความเสียหายblunder - a careless or embarrassing mistake ความผิดพลาดจากความสะเพราbody - a group of people who work or act together, often for an official purpose, or whoare connected in some other way กลุมคน, นิติบุคคลbold - very bright, clear, or strong in colour and therefore easy to notice เดน ชัดเจนbonds - close connections joining two or more people ความผูกพันbooed - given expressions of strong disapproval or disagreement คําอุทานแสดงการเหยียดหยามการไมเห็นดวย, โหฮิ้วbookmaker - a person whose job is to take bets and pay out money to people who win,เจามือรับแทง(มา)boost - an action or event that helps something to increase, improve, or become moresuccessful, to increase เพิ่ม การสงเสริมborder - the official line separating two areas, regions or countries เขตแดน อาณาเขตbore - to cause you to feel impatient or dissatisfied, because you are not interested insomething or because you have nothing to do ทําใหรูสึกเบื่อหนาย ทําใหรูสึกเหนื่อยหนายbounce back - to become healthy, happy, or successful again after something bad hashappened to you กลับสูสภาพปกติboundary - a real or imagined line that marks the edge or limit of something เขตแดน,เสนแบงเขตbountiful - large in amount อุดมสมบูรณ
  12. 12. 12bout - a boxing or wrestling match การแขงขัน, a short period of great activity; a shortperiod during which there is a lot of a particular thing, usually something unpleasantระยะหนึ่ง, พักหนึ่งbow to - to agree to do what someone wants you to do even though you do not wantto ยอมทําตามbrace for - to get ready for something unpleasant เตรียมพรอมbrain - the organ inside the head that controls movement, thought, memory and feelingสมองbrand - a product or group of products that has its own name and is made by oneparticular company. ตราสินคาbrand - (noun) - a type of product made by a particular company ตรา, ยี่หอbrand - (verb) - create a name for some product (so people can start identifying it andthinking about it)brave - to deal with an unpleasant or difficult situation in order to achieve somethingกลาที่จะเผชิญกับbreach - a failure to follow a law or rule, to break through something ทําใหแตก, การละเมิดกฎหมายbreadwinner - a person who supports their family with the money they earn ผูที่เปนหลักในการหาเงินเลี้ยงครอบครัวbreak into tears - to suddenly start crying รองไหbreakthrough - an achievement that comes after a lot of hard work การพัฒนาหรือการคนพบทียิ่งใหญ ่breathtaking - very exciting or impressive (usually in a pleasant way); very surprising ทําใหยินดีตื่นเตนหรือนากลัวมากbreed - to be the cause of something, a particular type of animal that has beendeveloped by people in a controlled way, especially a type of dog, cat or farm animalพันธุ ทําใหเกิดbribe - money or a present given to someone so that they will help you doingsomething dishonest or illegal, to give money or presents to someone so that they willhelp you by doing something dishonest or illegal ติดสินบน, สินบนbribery - the crime of giving money or presents to someone so that they will help youby doing something dishonest or illegal (the verb form is bribe) การใหสินบนbride - the woman at a wedding who is getting married เจาสาวbridge bearing - (civil engineering) "The support at a bridge pier carrying the weight ofthe bridge; may be fixed or seated on expansion rollers" (Source: outlook - people think the future will be goodbrilliant - very skilful, impressive, or successful ฉลาดหลักแหลมbroadcast - to send out a programme on television or radio กระจายเสียง,กระจายขาว
  13. 13. 13broadcast live - to send out or transmit at the same time it was happening, not delayedusing video tape ถายทอดสด, รายการสดbrutal - extremely violent and unpleasant โหดรายbudget - an amount of money able to be spent on something งบประมาณbulldozer - a large vehicle with a broad metal blade at the front, which is used formoving large amounts of earth or knocking down buildings รถปราบดิน,รถเกลี่ยดินbullet - a small, metal object that is shot from a gun กระสุนปนbullying - using your influence or status to threaten or frighten someone รังแกbump into - to meet unexpectedly; to cross paths พบโดยบังเอิญbumper - a bar fixed to the front and back of a car, etc. to reduce the effect if it hitsanything เครื่องกันชนbungled - done in a careless or stupid way ผิดพลาดbunker - a strongly built shelter for soldiers or guns, usually underground หลุมหลบภัย, ที่กําบังBureau of the Royal Household - an agency of the Monarchy of Thailand, responsiblefor the upkeep of the royal palaces, royal ceremonies, public relations and themanagement of the royal finances สํานักพระราชวังbureaucrats - people who work in government departments ขาราชการburied - covered completely by something ฝงburst into tears - to suddenly start to cryburst its banks (of a river) - to flood; to have water go over the sides ลนตลิ่งbury the hatchet - to stop being unfriendly and become friends again หยุดตอสู, เลิกโตเถียงbuttonhole - a hole on a piece of clothing for a button to be put through รังดุมby contrast - different from ตรงขามกับCcabinet - the group of government ministers who make and approve government policyคณะรัฐมนตรีcabinet minister - a member of the group of government ministers who make andapprove government policy รัฐมนตรีcabinet portfolio - control over a ministry; all the responsibilities of a governmentminister ตําแหนงรัฐมนตรีcabinet seat - the position of a minister, i.e., a member of the cabinet, the group ofgovernment ministers who make and approve government policy รัฐมนตรี
  14. 14. 14cage - a container made of wire or metal bars and used for keeping birds or animals inกรงcalculator - a small electronic device for calculating with numbers เครื่องคิดเลขcalm - peaceful and quiet; without anxiety ใจเย็น,ไมตื่นเตน, สงบcamaraderie - a feeling of friendship and trust among people who work or spend a lotof time together ความเปนมิตร, ความสัมพันธที่ดีcamp out - to sleep outside, with or without a tent or other shelter, to stay in a placewithout the furniture and equipment that you normally have ตั้งคายพัก, พักแรมcampaign - a series of actions intended to produce political or social change, to takepart in a planned series of activities (a campaign) designed to persuade voters to vote fora particular candidate or political party รณรงคหาเสียง การรณรงคcampaign trail - the events and activities that are part of an election campaign กิจกรรมในการรณรงคหาสียงcampaigner - a person who is campaigning or is helping someone to campaigncampus - the buildings of a university or college and the land around them พื้นที่ที่เปนที่ตั้งของมหาวิทยาลัยcandidacy - the fact of being a candidate (= a person competing for a position) in anelection การเปนผูสมัคร,การเสนอตัวcandidate - a person who is trying to be elected, a person who is trying to win anelected position, one of the people being considered for a job ตัวแทนที่สงเขารับตําแหนงผูสมัคร ผูสมัครรับเลือกตั้งcanned - prepared beforehand; used again and again; not original เตรียมลวงหนาcanvas - a strong heavy rough material used for making tents, sails, etc., or, in this case,the floor of a boxing ring ผาใบ,เต็นท, พื้นเวทีมวยcapability - the ability to do something ความสามารถcapable - able to do something มีความสามารถcapacity - the total amount or number that can be contained, the ability to do aparticular thing ความสามารถ,สมรรถภาพ, ปริมาณสูงสุดที่จะรับไดcape - a loose piece of clothing without sleeves that hangs from your shoulders เสื้อคลุมไมมีแขนcapital - money invested in a business, the most important town or city of a country,usually where the central government operates from เมืองหลวงcapsize - (of a boat or other object) to turn over in the water คว่ํา, พลิกคว่ําcapsule - a pod; a small roundish-shaped container แคปซูลพองตัว, เพิ่มขึ้นcapture - to take control of a place, building, etc. using force เขาครอบครองที่ดินcareen - to move forward very quickly especially in a way that is dangerous oruncontrolled เคลื่อนที่อยางเอียงไปเอียงมาและควบคุมไมได
  15. 15. 15caretaker - in charge for a short time, until a new leader or government is chosenรักษาการcargo - things that are being sent by ship, plane, train or truck สินคาที่บรรทุกและจัดสงโดยเรือ เครื่องบินหรือรถไฟcarjacker - a person who hijacks a carcarnival - an outdoor entertainment at which people can play games to win prizes, buyfood and drink, etc, usually arranged to make money for a special purpose; a publicfestival, usually one that happens at a regular time each year, that involves music anddancing in the streets, for which people wear brightly coloured clothes งานรื่นเริง, งานเฉลิมฉลองของมวลชน, เทศกาลสนุกสนานcarpet - a thick woven material made of wool, etc. for covering floors or stairs พรมcarriage - a road vehicle, usually with four wheels, that is pulled by one or more horsesand was used in the past to carry people รถมาcase - a matter that is being officially investigated or heard by a court คดีcassava - a tropical plant with roots that can be cooked and eaten or made into flourมันสําปะหลังcasual - without paying attention to detail, relaxed and seemingly not worried aboutanything ไมเปนทางการ,ธรรมดา ๆcat-and-mouse - a situation involving chasing, near captures and escapescatch with their pants down - to embarrass someone by proving they have donesomething wrong; to arrive or do something when somebody is not expecting it and notready, especially when they are in an embarrassing situationcatchment - the process of collecting water การเก็บกักน้ํา, สิ่งที่ใชเก็บกักน้ํา เชน อางเก็บน้ําcatwalk - runway; the raised area at a fashion show that the models walk along พื้นที่ยกสูงขึ้นเปนทางยาวและแคบ (สําหรับนางแบบเดินแบบ)caught off guard - to be surprised by something unexpected เผลอcause - movement; an aim, idea, or organisation that you support or work for วัตถุประสงคอุดมการณcaution - careful thought and lack of hurry in order to try to avoid risks or danger ความระมัดระวังcavity - a hole or empty space inside something solid หลุม, ชองceiling - an upper limit เพดาน ขีดจํากัดcelebrate - to do something enjoyable in order to show that an occasion or event isspecial ฉลองcelebration - a special event at which you celebrate something, a party or special eventat which you celebrate something such as a birthday or a religious holiday การฉลองcelebrity - a famous person, or in this case an animal, especially in entertainment orsports ผูมีชื่อเสียง, ผูโดงดัง
  16. 16. 16ceremony - a formal public event งานพิธีcertificate - an official document or record stating that particular facts are trueประกาศนียบัตร เกียรติบัตรcertify - to give somebody an official document proving that they are qualified to workin a particular profession รับรอง, ลงนามเปนพยานchair - to be the person in charge of a meeting, committee, company, etc. ดํารงตําแหนงประธาน, ทําหนาที่ในฐานะประธาน, the person in charge of a meeting, committee, orcompany ประธานchallenge - something that needs a lot of skill, energy, and determination to deal withor achieve, to question whether something is true, accurate, or legal, to compete forsomething แขงขัน คัดคาน สิ่งที่ทาทาย, การทาทายchallenging - difficult, in a way that tests your ability or determination ที่ทาทายความสามารถchannel - to cause water to flow in a particular direction to a particular place ทําใหไหลไปตามชองchaos - a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess การจราจลcharacter - a person in a book, play, film etc, all the qualities and features that make aperson, groups of people, and places different from others; strong personal qualitiessuch as the ability to deal with difficult or dangerous situations ลักษณะพิเศษ, ผูสวมบทบาท,ตัวแสดงcharacteristic - a typical feature or quality that something/somebody has ลักษณะนิสัย,ลักษณะพิเศษcharge - an official statement accusing someone of committing a crime, to accusesomeone officially of committing a crime ตั้งขอกลาวหา ขอหาcharged - full of or causing strong feelings or opinions ตื่นเตนอยางมากcheat - to have a secret sexual relationship with somebody else นอกใจ, มีชูcheck dam - a small dam, which can be either temporary or permanent, built across asmall waterway เขื่อนเล็กcherish - to think that something is very important and to wish to keep it รักและเทิดทูนบูชาchest - the upper front part of the body of humans and some animals, between thestomach and the neck, containing the heart and lungs หนาอกchildless - having no children ไมมีบุตรchit-chat - informal, non-serious conversationchunk - a part of somethingcircumstances - facts or conditions that affect a situation เหตุการณแวดลอมcited - mentioned as an example, explanation or proof of something else อาง, กลาวอางcitizen - someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country พลเมือง
  17. 17. 17civil aviation - non-military aviation การบินพลเรือนcivil lawsuit - a case filed with a court that deals with non-criminal matters, especiallycomplaints made by people against other people or organisations คดีทยื่นฟองตอศาลแพง ี่civil war - a war fought by different groups of people living in the same country สงครามกลางเมืองcivilian - of someone who does not belong to the armed forces or the police พลเรือนclaim - to say that something is true although it has not been proved and other peoplemay not believe it, saying that something is true although it has not been proved andother people may not believe it ขออาง ขอกลาวหา, อางclaim lives - to kill peopleclan - a very large family a group of families who are related to each other, in this case,a group of fashion designers ตระกูลclarify - to make clear, to explain something more clearly so that it is easier tounderstand แจกแจง ชี้แจง, ทําใหชัดแจงclash - a fight between groups of people การปะทะกันสองฝายclassic - with all the features you would expect to find; very typical เปนแบบอยางclean sweep - to win all parts of a competition; to win all the seats in a particular areain an electionclear - to prove that somebody is innocent, i.e., that someone is not guilty of what theyhave been accused of พิสูจนวาไมมีความผิดclient - a customer or someone who receives services of a lawyer ลูกความ, a customer orsomeone who receives services ลูกคาclimate - the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place สภาพอากาศclimax - the most exciting or important event or point in time จุดสําคัญสูงสุดของเหตุการณcling - to hold on to something tightly ติดแนนcloak - a loose outer piece of clothing without sleeves, which fastens at the neck เสื้อคลุมหลวม ๆclone - a person or thing that seems to be an exact copy of another โคลน, สําเนาclosed circuit (TV) - a television system that works within a limited area, for example apublic building, to protect it from crime โทรทัศนวงจรปด (ซีซทีวี) ีclosed-circuit video (TV) - a television system that works within a limited area, forexample a public building, to protect it from crime โทรทัศนวงจรปด (ซีซีทีวี)closure - the shutting down of a school, factory or other business or service การปดclout - the power to influence events กลุมอิทธิพลcoalition - a temporary union of different political parties that agree to form agovernment together พรรครวมรัฐบาลcoalition government - a government formed by two or more political parties workingtogether รัฐบาลผสม
  18. 18. 18coalition parties - the political parties making up the government พรรครวมรัฐบาลcoast - an area of land beside the sea ชายฝงcoerce - to persuade someone forcefully to do something which they are unwilling todo บีบบังคับcollapse - to suddenly fall down; to fail suddenly; to suddenly be unable to continue orwork correctly ลมลง, ลมcollateral - property that you agree to give to a bank if you fail to pay back money thatyou have borrowed หลักทรัพยค้ําประกันcolleague - someone who works in the same organisation or department as you doเพื่อนรวมงานcollision - an accident in which a vehicle or person that is moving crashes intosomething การชนประสานงาcollude - to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone สมรูรวมคิดcollusion - secretly working together to do something dishonest การสมรูรวมคิดcolony - a country or an area that is governed by people from another, more powerful,country ประเทศอาณานิคม, เมืองขึ้นcombination - the mixture you get when two or more things are combined การรวมกันcombined - mixed or put together รวมกันcome to nought - to be unsuccessful ไมประสบความสําเร็จ, ลมเหลว, ฝนสลายcomfort - to make somebody who is worried or unhappy feel better by being kind andsympathetic towards them ปลอบประโลม, ปลอบใจcommand - an order คําสั่งcommander - the head of an army or army unit, the head of an army or army unit or ahigh-ranking police officer, a police offer of high rank ผูบังคับบัญชาcommando - a soldier trained to attack in areas controlled by an enemy สมาชิกของหนวยจูโจมcomment - expressing an opinion แสดงความคิดเห็นcommentary - a newspaper article that discusses a subject and gives opinions about itบทความแสดงขอคิดเห็น, คําวิจารณcommentator - someone whose job is to write about a particular subject or discuss iton television or radio ผูวิจารณ,ผูออกความเห็น, ผูบรรยายขาวcommercial - for business purposes เกี่ยวกับการคาcommission - a group of people who have been formally chosen to discoverinformation about a problem or examine the reasons why the problem existsคณะกรรมการ, คณะกรรมาธิการ
  19. 19. 19commissioner - a member of a commission, a group of people who have been formallychosen to discover information about a problem or examine the reasons why theproblem exists กรรมาธิการ ผูไดรับมอบหมายอํานาจหนาที่commit - to do something wrong or illegal ทําความผิดcommitted - loyal and willing to give your time and energy to something that youbelieve incommon - done or shared by two or more people ที่รวมกันcommotion - a sudden short period of noise, confusion or excited movement ความสับสนวุนวายcommunity - the people living in one particular area ชุมชนcommute (a punishment) - to change a punishment to one that is less severe ลดโทษ(รุนแรงใหนอยลง)commuters - people who regularly travel between work and home คนเดินทางระหวางบานและที่ทํางานcomparison - the process of comparing two or more people or things การเปรียบเทียบcompensate - to pay money to someone because something bad has happened tothem ชดเชยcompensation - money that someone receives because something bad has happenedto them เงินชดเชยcompetency - competence; the ability to do something well ความสามารถcompetition - an organised event in which people try to win something การแขงขันcompetitiveness - the ability to compete ความสามารถในการแขงขันcompetitor - a person, team or company that is competing against others ผูแขงขัน, คูแขงcompile - to collect information from different places and arrange it in a book, report orlist รวบรวมcomplaint - when someone says that something is wrong or not satisfactory การรองเรียนcomplement - to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractiveสงเสริมcomplex - an area that has several parts, a large building with various connected roomsor a related group of buildings พื้นที่ประกอบดวยสวนตาง ๆcompliance - the practice of obeying a law, rule, or request การยอมทําตามcomply - to obey a rule or law or do what someone asks you to do ปฏิบัติตามกฎหมายcomply with - to obey a rule or law or do what someone asks you to do ปฏิบัติตามcompose - to arrange the parts of something such as a photograph or a painting in orderto get a particular effect แตง(รูปถาย)composition - a piece of music or art, or a poem การแตงเพลง, การประพันธcompound - an area in which a group of buildings stands บริเวณ
  20. 20. 20compromise - a way of solving a problem or ending an argument in which both peopleor groups accept that they cannot have everything they want ประนีประนอมconcentration - the amount of a substance in a liquid or in another substance สารที่มีความเขมขนconcept - a principle or idea ความคิดconcern - a worry ความกังวลconcerned - involved in something, or affected by something, worried about somethingมีความกังวล ทีสัมพันธกับ ่concerning - about เกี่ยวกับconcerns - worries ความกังวลconclude - to finish จบcondition - something that must be done before another thing can happen เงื่อนไขconducive - creating a situation that helps something to happen ที่นําไปสู, ที่ทําใหเกิดขึ้นconduct - to do something in an organised way; to carry out — ลงมือทํา, ดําเนิน, ปฏิบัติconfession - admitting that you have done something wrong or illegal, to admit that youhave done something wrong สารภาพผิด การสารภาพผิดconfidence - the quality of being certain of your abilities ความมั่นใจconfident - being certain of your abilities or of having trust in people, plans, or thefuture มั่นใจconfined - limited จํากัดในวง ในกลุมconflict - angry disagreement between people or groups การตอสู, ความขัดแยงconfront - to stand in front of someone in a frightening way เผชิญหนาconfused - unable to understand something or think clearly about it สับสนconfusion - a feeling that you do not understand something or cannot decide what todo ความสับสนcongregation - a group of people who are gathered together in a church to worship orattend a ceremony คริสตศาสนิกชนที่ชุมนุมกันในโบสถconsciousness - awareness ความมีสติ, ความตระหนักรูconsecutive - following one after another in order ติดตอกันconsent - to give permission to do something ยอมใหทํา, อนุญาตconservation - the protection of plants and animals, natural areas, and interesting andimportant structures and buildings, especially from the damaging effects of humanactivity การอนุรักษธรรมชาติ, การปองกันความสูญเสีย, การสงวนไวconsider - to regard as; to think of as ถือวาconsiderable - large in size, amount, or degree คอนขางมากconsideration - giving careful thought to something before making a decision การคิดพิจารณา
  21. 21. 21console - to try to make someone feel better when they are unhappy or disappointedปลอดประโลมconspiracy - a secret plan by a group of people to do something bad or illegal การวางแผนอยางลับๆ การสมรูรวมคิดconspire - to plan secretly with other people to do something bad, illegal or againstsomeones wishes วางแผนรายรวมกันconstant - continuous; all the time ตอเนื่องconstantly - continuously; all the time อยางตอเนื่องconstituency - a district that elects its own representative to parliament เขตเลือกตั้งconstitution - the set of laws and basic principles that a country in governed byรัฐธรรมนูญConstitution Court - a court which decides whether a government law, action, politicalparty, etc., is correct according to the constitution ศาลรัฐธรรมนูญconstitutional monarchy - a system in which a country is governed by a king or queenwhose are limited to those given under the constitution and laws of the country ระบอบประชาธิปไตยที่มีพระมหากษัตริยเปนประมุขconstitutional right - something that you are legally allowed to do or have under theconstitution สิทธิตามรัฐธรรมนูญconstruction - the work of building or making something, especially buildings, bridges,etc. การกอสรางconstruction boom - time when many buildings are being builtconstruction materials - building materials, materials such as cement, concrete and ironbars, rods and girders used to build buildingsconsular affairs - matters involving government officials who represent their country in aforeign city or country กรณียกิจเกี่ยวกับกงสุลconsult - to ask for information or advice from someone หารือconsultant - a person who knows a lot about a particular subject and is employed togive advice about it to other people ผูใหคําปรึกษาconsultation - the act of discussing something with somebody or with a group of peoplebefore making a decision about it การปรึกษาหารือcontender - someone or something who competes with other people or things for aprize คูตอสู, คูแขงcontent - the subject, ideas, or story that a piece of writing or a radio or televisionprogramme deals with เนื้อหา,สาระcontestant - someone who competes in a contest ผูแขงขัน ผูเขาประกวดcontract - to become infected with a disease ติดเชื้อcontractor - a person or company whose job is to do work for another person,organisation, company, etc. ผูรับเหมา
  22. 22. 22contravene - to do something that is not allowed by a rule, law, or agreement ฝาฝนcontribute - when one person among many gives things (resources) to a projectcontribute a significant chunk - give many important things (resources) to a projectcontribute to - to help cause an event or situation ชวยกอใหเกิดcontribution - something that you do or give to help make something successful, aregular payment การลงทุนหรือชวยเหลือ, การชวยเหลือcontroversial - causing disagreement ซึ่งกอใหเกิดการโตแยงcontroversy - a strong disagreement, especially about a public policy or moral issue, adisagreement, especially about a public policy or a moral issue that a lot of people havestrong feelings about ความขัดแยง ประเด็นขอขัดแยงconvene - to call a meeting เรียกประชุมconvenient - easy to do, or not causing problems or difficulties สะดวกconverge - to come from different directions to reach the same point ไปยังจุดหมายเดียวกันconvey - to communicate something; to express a thought, feeling or idea so that it isunderstood by other people สื่อไปถึง, สื่อสารconvicted - proven in a court of law to have committed a crime, having been provenguilty of a crime by a court of law ไดรับการพิสูจนวามีความผิดจริง, การกระทําผิดกฎหมายconviction - when someone is officially found to be guilty of a particular crime การพิสูจนวากระทําผิดconvince - to make somebody/yourself believe that something is true; to persuadesomebody to do something ทําใหเชื่อ, ทําใหแนใจ, ชักจูงcooperate - to work with other people to achieve a result that is good for everyoneinvolved รวมมือกันcooperative - willing to work with others to do something; willing to do what is asked ofthem ใหความรวมมือcooperatives - a farm or business owned and run by the people involved, with theprofits shared by them สมาคมสหกรณcoordinate - to organise the different parts of a job or plan so that the people involvedwork together effectively ประสานงานกันcop - (informal) a police officer ตํารวจ (คําสแลง)cope - to deal successfully with a difficult situation รับมือกับcope with - to deal successfully with a difficult situation or job จัดการกับปญหา แกปญหาcore leader(s) - the most active or most important members of a group แกนนําcore member - one of the most active or most important members of a group แกนนําcorniche - a road on the side of a cliff or mountain or a body of water with the groundrising on one side of the road and falling away on the other ถนนที่วกเวียนตามหนาผาหรือภูเขา
  23. 23. 23corporate - involving large companies บริษัทใหญCorrections Department - the government department in charge of running prisons กรมราชทัณฑcounsel - a lawyer who gives someone legal advice and represents them in a court oflaw ทนายความcounterpart - someone who has the same job or purpose as another person or thing,but in a different country, time, situation, or organisation ผูที่ทํางานประเภทเดียวกัน; ผูที่อยูในตําแหนงเสมอกันcountrywide - throughout a whole country ทั่วทั้งประเทศcoup (d’etat) - the seizure of power in a country by a group of people, usuallymembers of the armed forces รัฐประหารcouple - two people who are married or are involved in a romantic relationship คุรักcourse - the way something develops or should develop เสนทาง, แนวทางcousin - a child of your uncle or aunt; someone who is related to you through a brother,sister, uncle, or aunt of one of your parents ลูกพี่ลกนอง, ญาติหางๆ ูcover - to report news and sport in newspapers and on the radio and television รายงานขาวcoverage - the reporting of news and sport in newspapers and on the radio andtelevision การรายงานขาวcower - to bend low and/or move backwards because you are frightened ทําตัวงอ (ดวยความกลัว)crack - a line on a surface where something is beginning to break apart รอยแตก รอยราวcrackdown - strong action that someone in authority takes to stop a particular activityการใชกําลังเขาปราบปรามของเจาหนาที,่ การใชกําลังสลายผูประทวงcrafted - done with great skill ประดิษฐโดยใชฝมือcrammed - completely filled with people or things คับคั่งcrate - a large wooden, metal or plastic box used for moving or storing goods กลองขนาดใหญcreative - involving a lot of imagination and new ideas ซึ่งมีความคิดริเริ่ม, ซึ่งมีความคิดสรางสรรคcreativity - the ability to create new ideas or things using your imagination ความสามารถในการสรางสรรค, ความคิดสรางสรรคcredibility - the degree to which someone or something can be believed or trusted ความนาเชื่อถือ,ความนาไววางใจcremation - the burning of a dead body, usually as a part of a ceremony การเผาศพcrew - a group of people who work together to do a job กลุมคนที่ทํางานรวมกันcrew member - a people who work on a ship, aircraft, etc. ลูกเรือ
  24. 24. 24criminal - relating to illegal acts, someone who has committed a crime, i.e., someonewho has carried out an illegal activity or action ผูที่ทําผิดกฎหมาย, เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรมCriminal Court - a court which hears criminal cases, i.e., cases where people areaccused of breaking a law and where punishment involves possible going to jail. ศาลอาญาcrippled - damaged and prevented from working properly ที่พัง ที่ใชการcrisis - an urgent, difficult or dangerous situation วิกฤตการณ, a situation that has reachedand extremely difficult or dangerous point ชวงวิกฤตcriteria - a standard that is used for judging something or for making a decision aboutsomething บรรทัดฐานcritical (condition) - very seriously ill or injured and might die, very serious วิกฤต, อาการหนักcriticism - comments that show that you think something is wrong or bad การวิจารณcritics - people who don’t like something and who state their opinion about it นักวิจารณcrop - a plant grown for food, usually on a farm พืชผลcross-examination - (in court) asking a witness questions during a trial after anotherlawyer has already asked them questionscrown - to put a crown on the head of a new king or queen as a sign of royal power มอบตําแหนงสูงสุดให, ครองตําแหนงcrucial - extremely important because it effects the result of something สําคัญยิ่งcue - evidence or information that helps to solve or understand a problem สัญญาณcuisine - a style of cooking ประเภทอาหารculprit - someone who has done something wrong ผูกระทําความผิดcurl up - to form a curved or round shape ขดตัวcurrency - the system of money that a country uses เงินตราcurrent - of the present time, a strong movement of water in one direction กระแสน้ําปจจุบันcurrent affairs - issues and subjects that are in the news nowcurrent(s) - the steady flowing motions of the water in rivers, lakes or the sea กระแสน้ําcurrently - at this time; now ในปจจุบันcurriculum - the group of subjects studied in a school, college, etc หลักสูตรcurtain - a long piece of cloth that hangs down or covers a window มานcushion a blow - reducing the force of one thing hitting another thing (example: therubber bumpers on the front and rear of the bus reduce damage if the bus hitssomething)custody - under the control of the police, usually in a jail อยูใตการคุมครองcustom - an accepted way of behaving or of doing things in a society or a communityขนบธรรมเนียม
  25. 25. 25custom-made - specially made for a particular purpose ซึ่งสรางตามคําสั่งเฉพาะของลูกคาคนเดียวcut it - to be satisfying; to be effective ทําใหพึงพอใจDdam - a wall built across a river to stop the water from flowing, especially in order tocreate a lake or to help to produce electric power เขื่อนdamaged - harmed physically making something less attractive, useful or valuableเสียหาย, ชํารุดdare - to be brave enough to do something กลาdaredevil - a person who enjoys doing dangerous things, in a way that other people maythink is stupid คนที่กลาทําในสิงที่เสียงมาก ่ ่dash dreams - to make it impossible for someone to do what they hoped to do ทําใหไมสมหวัง, ทําใหผิดหวัง, ทําใหเสียกําลังใจdate - to have a romantic relationship with somebody นัดพบdaub - to spread a wet substance such as paint on a surface in a careless way เปรอะเปอน, ละเลง, สาดdawn - the beginning of the day, when it begins to get light รุงอรุณ, เชาตรูde facto - in reality; in fact อยางแทจริง, อันที่จริง, ตามความจริงdead end - a road or path that ends and you can go no further ทางตันdeal - a formal agreement, especially in business or politics การตกลงซื้อขาย, ขอตกลง, การซื้อขายdeal with - to take action to solve a problem, to take appropriate action in a particularsituation or according to who you are talking to, managing, etc. รับมือ, จัดการปญหาdean - a senior official at a college or university, often the head of a faculty ordepartment คณบดีdeath toll - the number of people killed ยอดผูเสียชีวิตdebate - a discussion in which people or groups state different opinions about a subjectการอภิปราย, การโตวาที, การถกเถียงdebris - broken pieces that are left when something large has been destroyed เศษ ซากปรักหักพัง ซากสิ่งของที่ถูกทําลาย, the broken pieces that are left when something large hasbeen destroyed ซากปรักหักพังdebt - an amount of money that you owe หนี้debut - performing for the first time การเปดตัวdecades - periods of ten years เปนสิบๆปdecisive - making the final result of a situation completely certain ซึ่งมีลักษณะชี้ขาด,แนวแน,ซึ่งตัดสินใจแลว
  26. 26. 26declaration - an official announcement that something is true or is happening การประกาศdeclare - to announce officially that something is true or happening ประกาศdecoration - a thing that makes something look more attractive on special occasionsเครื่องประดับdecrease - to become less ลดลง, นอยลงdecree - an official decision or order made by a leader or government พระราชกฤษฎีกาdecry - to strongly criticise somebody/something, especially publicly วิพากษวิจารณอยางรุนแรงdedicated to - used only for one specific thing ที่กําหนดใชในทางใดทางหนึ่งโดยเฉพาะdeemed - considered เห็นวา ถือวาdefamation (adjective form: defamatory; verb form: - the offence of writing or sayingsomething bad about someone that is not true and makes people have a bad opinion ofthem การใสรายdefault - failure to repay a debt การไมยอมชําระหนี้ การผิดสัญญาdefeat - a loss ความพายแพdefence - all the things that are said and shown in a court case to prove that someoneis not guilty การสูคดีdefend - to say things to support someone or something ปกปองdefendant - someone who has been accused of a crime and is on trial จําเลยdefending champion - a player or team who won a competition the previous time itwas held ผูชนะเลิศครั้งกอนdeferment - delay; making something happen at a later time than originally planned orexpected การเลื่อนdefiant - refusing to obey or respect a person or rule แสดงการทาทาย, ไมยอมทําตาม, ไมเชื่อฟงdeforestation - the act of cutting down or burning the trees in an area การตัดไมทําลายปาdefunct - no longer existing, operating or being used ถูกยุบ, หยุดทํางานdefy gravity - to seemingly be able to go up into the air without being pulled back bygravity สามารถตอตานแรงโนมถวงdeity - a goddelay - to make something happen at a later time than originally planned or expectedเลื่อนdeliberately - done intentionally; done on purpose จงใจ ตั้งใจdeliberation - considering or discussing something การปรึกษาหารือdelight - to give somebody a lot of pleasure and enjoyment ทําใหดีใจ, ทําใหปลื้มปติdelighted - very happy or satisfied about something ยินดีมาก,สุขใจ
  27. 27. 27deluge - a sudden, very heavy rainfall or a sudden flow of a large amount of water ฝนตกหนัก น้ําปริมาณมากdemand - the need and desire to buy goods and services by households andbusinesses, a very firm request for something ขอเรียกรอง, การเรียกรอง, the amount of aproduct or service that people want, to ask for something very firmly เรียกรอง, ตองการความตองการdemonstrate - to show something and explain how it works สาธิตdemonstration - an occasion when a large group of people protest about something,showing something and explaining how it works การสาธิต การชุมนุมประทวงdemonstrators - people who march with other people in public to show that theysupport or oppose something ผูชุมนุมประทวงden - a place where people meet in secret, especially for some illegal or immoralactivity บอนdenial - a refusal to allow somebody to have something, a statement that something isnot true or did not happen การปฎิเสธ, การไมยอมรับdeny - to say that something is not true or does not exist ปฏิเสธdeparture - leaving การออกจากdependence - the state of needing the help and support of somebody/something inorder to survive or be successful การพึ่งพาอาศัยdependency - needing somebody/something in order to survive or be successful การพึ่งพาอาศัยdepict - to represent or show something in a picture or story พรรณนา, บรรยายใหเห็นภาพdeploy - (of police or soldiers) to put in place ready for action สง (ทหารตํารวจ) ประจําการdeposed - forced from a position of power ที่ถูกปลด ไลออกจากตําแหนงdeposit - to put money into a bank account ฝากเงิน (ทางการธนาคาร)depression - an area where the air pressure is low, often causing heavy rain พายุดีเปรสชันdeprive - to prevent someone from having something ทําใหไมไดรับdepth - the distance down below the top surface of something ความลึกdeputy - a person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of anorganisation, a person who is given the power to do something instead of anotherperson, or the person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of anorganisation รอง, ตัวแทน,ผูรักษาการแทนderive from - to get something from something else ไดมาจากdescend - to go down ลงมาdeserve - of something that you earn or are given because of your behavior or qualitiesสมควรไดรับdesignated - marked, separated, or given a name for a particular purpose ถูกกําหนดdesire - a strong wish to have or do something ความอยาก, ความประสงค, ความตองการ
  28. 28. 28despair - the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve adifficult or worrying situation สิ้นหวัง, ความรูสึกสิ้นหวัง, ความหมดหวังdesperate - in an extreme or worried way, very worried or confused because you do notknow how to deal with an unpleasant or dangerous situation อยางสิ้นหวัง อยางหมดหวังอยางเต็มที่dessert - sweet food eaten at the end of a meal ของหวาน, ขนมหวานdestination - the place where someone or something is going, a place where tourists goจุดหมายปลายทางdetail - to give a list of facts or all the available information about something อธิบายโดยละเอียด, ชี้แจงรายละเอียดdetails - small facts or pieces of information relating to a situation รายละเอียดdetain - to keep someone in a police station or prison and not allow them to leave กักตัว ควบคุมตัวหรือฝากขังdetained - kept in a place and not allowed to leave กักตัว ควบคุมตัวหรือฝากขังdetective - a person employed by somebody to find out information aboutsomebody/something; a person, especially a police officer, whose job is to examinecrimes and catch criminals นักสืบ; ผูสืบสวนdetermine - to decide what will be done or happen กําหนดdetermined - having made a firm decision to do something and to not let anyoneprevent you, wanting to do something very much and not letting anyone or anydifficulties stop you แนนอน,ซึ่งตัดสินใจแลว, ตั้งใจจริง, ซึ่งมุงมั่นdevastated - badly damaged or destroyed, upset and shocked หมดหวัง, ตกตะลึง, สะเทือนใจ, ถูกทําลายลางdevastation - damage or destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people การทําลายลาง, การทําใหเสียหายอยางรุนแรงdevelopment - the process of using an area of land, especially to make a profit bybuilding on it, etc การพัฒนาdiabetes - a serious medical condition in which your body does not produce enoughinsulin to reduce the amount of sugar in the blood โรคเบาหวานdialogue - conversations in a book, play, or film/movie, a formal talk between people,groups, etc. การสนทนา, บทสนทนา, บทพูดdiarrhoea - having a lot of liquid faeces coming out of the body because of illness อาการทองรวงdictatorial - using power in an unreasonable way by telling people what to do and notlistening to their views or wishes อยางเผด็จการdie-hard - very loyal; hard core จงรักภักดีdiet - the food and drink usually taken by a person or group อาหารdig - a remark that is intended to annoy or upset somebody คําพูดที่ตั้งใจจะรบกวน
  29. 29. 29dignitary - a person who has an important official position บุคคลที่มีตําแหนงสูง, ผูมีฐานะสูงสงdilution - making a liquid weaker by adding water or another liquid to it การละลายdiplomatic - relating to relations between countries เกี่ยวกับการทูตdire - very serious or extreme เลวรายมากdisabled - having a condition, especially a physical one, that limits your activities insome way พิการdisadvantage - something that makes someone or something less effective, successfulor attractive ขอเสียเปรียบ ขอดอยdisappear - to no longer exist; to no longer be in use หายไป, สาบสูญ, สูญหายdisappearance - moving something or someone somewhere where they can no longerbe seen การหายไป, การสาบสูญ, การสูญหายdisappointed - unhappy because someone or something was not as good as you hopedor expected, or because something did not happen ผิดหวังdisaster - an unexpected event, such as a very bad accident, a flood or a fire, that kills alot of people or causes a lot of damage ความหายนะ ความลมจม ความโชคราย, somethingvery bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people ความหายนะ ภัยพิบัติDisaster Prevention and Mitigation Department - the government department incharge of preparing country to prevent and deal with disasters กรมปองกันและบรรเทาสาธารณภัยdisastrous - extremely bad or unsuccessful ซึ่งทําใหเกิด (ภัยพิบัต,ิ ความหายนะ, ความโชคราย)disband - (of a group) to end; to stop working together ยุบ, เลิก,ทําใหสลายdisbanded - (of a group) dissolved; ended; stopped working together ถูกยุบdisburse - to pay money to someone from a large amount that has been collected for apurpose เบิกจายdischarge - to let a liquid flow out ปลอยออก, ขับออกdisciplinary punishment - punishment of people who do not obey the rules การลงโทษเนื่องจากการฝาฝนวินัย หรือระเบียบdiscipline - the ability to control your actions วินัยdisclose - to give information to people เปดเผยdisembark - to leave a vehicle, especially a ship or an aircraft, at the end of a journeyออกจากพาหนะdisguise - to change the way something appears so that people will not recognise whatit is ปลอมแปลงdisheartened - a feeling of disappointment, i.e., that you have lost hope and energyหมดกําลังใจ,ทอใจdismantle - to take something apart รื้อ
  30. 30. 30dismiss - to refuse to accept that something might be true or important ไมสนใจ,แยงกลับdisoriented - to make somebody unable to recognize where they are or where theyshould go สับสนและไมเขาใจวาอะไรเกิดขึ้นรอบตัวเองdispersal - (of a crowd of people) the process of causing to separate and leave indifferent directions การสลายฝูงชนdisperse - (of a crowd) to cause to separate and move in different directions, i.e., to endbeing a crowd สลายฝูงชน สลาย (การชุมนุม)display - to put something in a particular place so that people can see it easily โชว, แสดงdisposal - the process of throwing something away or getting rid of it การกําจัดdispute - a serious disagreement การโตเถียง, ความขัดแยงdisqualify - to not allow someone to do something because they have committed anoffence ทําใหหมดสภาพdisrupt - to interrupt something and prevent it from continuing by creating a problem, toprevent something from continuing as usual or as expected ทําใหยุงเหยิง, ทําใหยุงยาก ไดรับการกระทบกระเทือน ถูกทําใหหยุดชะงักdisrupted - interrupted and prevented from continuing smoothly by creating problemsขัดขวางdissolution - the process of officially ending the existence of a group of organisation การยุบ (พรรค สภา)dissolution of the House - formally ending the House of Representatives, usuallyleading to a general election การยุบสภาdissolve - (of a group) to end, to be absorbed by a liquid, especially when mixed ละลายยุบ (พรรค)distract - to take your attention away from something ทําใหไขวเขว เสียสมาธิdistraught - extremely upset, worried or confused จิตวาวุน, วาวุนใจ, สับสนdistribute - to give out information to many different places แจกจายdistribution - the process of giving something out, the process of giving something out tomany different places การแจกจายdisturb - to interrupt somebody or cause them to stop when they are trying to work,sleep, etc รบกวนdisunity - a situation in which people are not in agreement or are not working togetherto achieve an aim, a lack of agreement between people การขาดความสามัคคี,การแตกแยกditch - a long narrow open channel dug into the ground usually at the side of a road orfield, which is used especially for supplying or removing water, or for dividing land คูน้ําdive - to jump into the water ดําน้ําdiver - a person who works underwater, usually with special equipment นักดําน้ําdiverse - including people from many different backgrounds; very different from eachother หลากหลาย
  31. 31. 31divert - to cause something to change direction เบนเสนทางเดินน้ํา, เปลี่ยนเสนทางเดินน้ําdivorce - a legal way of ending a marriage การหยาdomestic - ในประเทศ within the countrydomesticated - (of wild animals) used to living with or working for humans เชื่องdominate - to control, to be the most important thing ครอบคลุม ควบคุมdonation - money or goods that you give to an organisation, especially one that helpspeople เงินหรือสิงของบริจาค ่dosage - an amount of drug that you take at a single time ปริมาณยาที่ใหตอครั้งdouble - to become twice as big, twice as much or twice as many เพิ่มเปนสองเทาdownfall - a sudden loss of power, status, or success ความตกต่ํา,การตกลงมาอยางแรงหรืออยางกะทันหันdownplay - to make something seem less important or less bad than it really is แสดงหรืออธิบายถึงสิ่งใดสิ่งหนึ่งโดยแสรงวาไมสําคัญหรือไมแยนักdownpour - a lot of rain in a short time ฝนตกหนักมาก, พายุฝนdownstream - in the direction that a river or stream is flowing ตามกระแสน้ําdrab - not colourful or interesting สีไมสดใส, สีน้ําตาลอมเหลืองdrain - to cause water or fluid to flow out ระบายออกdrainage - the system of water or waste liquids flowing away from somewhere into theground or down pipes การระบายน้ําdrama - an event or situation, especially an unexpected one, in which there is worry orexcitement and usually a lot of action, something exciting or unusual that happensพฤติกรรมเกินจริง, เรื่องเราใจdramatic - exciting and impressive ตื่นเตนเราใจdraping - cloth or a piece of clothing fitting loosely over something ประดับดวยผาคลุมdrastic - having a very big effect มีผลกระทบอยางใหญหลวงdraw - to attract or interest somebody, to choose a card or ticket, without seeing what ison it จับ (ฉลาก) ดึงดูดความสนใจdredge - to remove unwanted things from the bottom of a river, lake, etc. using asucking or other device ขุดลอกdrive - to force something to go in a particular direction or into a particular position bypushing it, hitting it, etc ตี, ผลัก,ผลักดันdrop by - to pay an informal visit to a person or a place เยี่ยมเยียนอยางไมเปนทางการdrown - to sink under water and die จมน้ําdrunk - having had too much alcohol to drink, i.e., drunk or intoxicated, a person whohas had too much alcohol to drink, i.e., drunk or intoxicated คนเมา, มึนเมาdubbed - given a name ตั้งฉายา, ตั้งชื่อเลนใหdud - someone or something that is very disappointing สิ่งที่ไมไดผลdue - expected to happen or should happen มีกําหนด