Medication administration

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Medication administration

  1. 1. Injections Prepared byMrs / Hamdia
  2. 2. Learning objectives:At the end of this lecture each student should be able to:1- Define the injection2-List ten rights of medication administrations.3-Identify the components of medical order.4-Mention the different types of injections.5- Enumerate steps of injection’s procedure.
  3. 3. Definition of the injection:Injection involve forcing a liquid into the body via a syringe.
  4. 4. Ten Rights of Medication Administrations1. Right medication2. Right dose3. Right time4. Right route5. Right client6. Right client education7. Right documentation8. Right to refuse9. Right assessment10. Right evaluation
  5. 5. COMPONENTS of A MEDICATION ORDER• Client’s name• Date and time the order is written• Drug name• Dose to be administered• Route of administration• Frequency of administration• Signature of the person ordering the drug
  6. 6. Types Of Needle & Syringe
  7. 7. Needle
  8. 8. Syringes
  9. 9. Different types of Syringes
  10. 10. Types of InjectionsID.SC.IM.IV.
  11. 11. General Preparation for all InjectionsBefore giving any kind of injection you will consider the following: Hand washing. Prepare the medication. Check up ® Prepare the client. Explain the procedure.
  12. 12. Cont…• Provide privacy.• Select and clean the site.• Prepare syringe for injection.• Inject.
  13. 13. AssessmentInjection Site.Drug action and response.Specific procedure (vital signs –laboratory result).
  14. 14. ID InjectionIndication:TB – BCG –Allergytest.Drug dose:0.1 ml of medication is used& administer with 5-15 degree
  15. 15. Equipments… 1 ml syringe (tuberculin syringe) Needle #25 - #27 gauge (1/4 – 5/8 Inch long) Alcohol swab Gloves Gauze
  16. 16. Mrs / HamdiaMohammed
  17. 17. Correct Way of ID
  18. 18. SC InjectionsIndication:Insulin – Heparin.Drug dose:0.5 – 1 ml of medication used & administer with45 degree.
  19. 19. Site of Injection
  20. 20. Mrs / HamdiaMohammed
  21. 21. Equipments Syringe 2 ml Needle # 25 gauge (3/8 – 5/8 Inch). Alcohol swab Gloves Gauze Insulin #30 gauge and 100 unit syringes.
  22. 22. IM Injec tion
  23. 23. Equipment 2-5 ml syringe # 21 - # 22 gauge needle or #23 – 25 gauge for the small muscles. 1 ½ inches needle. The Medication- 90 degree for administer.
  24. 24. FactorsThe size and length of the needle chose :• The muscles.• The type of the solution.• The amount of the adipose tissue. covering the muscles.• The age of the client.
  25. 25. Sites of IM injectionVentrogluteal site.Vastus lateralis site.Dorsogluteal site.Deltoid site.
  26. 26. Dorsogluteal site
  27. 27. Ventrogluteal site
  28. 28. Vastus laterals site
  29. 29. Deltoid siteMrs / HamdiaMohammed
  30. 30. I. V Injection
  31. 31. The equipment:• Infusion set.• Container of solution• IV stand.• Adhesive tape.• Clean gloves.• Tourniquet• Antiseptic swabs• Intravenous catheter.• Sterile gauze.• Towel or pad• Electronic infusion device or pump.
  32. 32. Cont
  33. 33. Main Veins of the Arm
  34. 34. Injection Procedure
  35. 35. General steps for all different type of injection• Apply medication rights• Explain the procedure to the patient• Keep privacy.• Hand washing.• Prepare necessary equipments &injection.• Drape the patient, only expose wanted area .• Put p.t in suitable and comfort position.
  36. 36. • Wear gloves.• Locate site by identify anatomical land mark.• Clean skin in circular motion outward & hold swab between fingers of non dominant hand.• Pull cap of needle without cause finger injury.• Hold syringe with dominant hand, with bevel point upward .
  37. 37. • Inject needle at suitable degree for I.M, I.D, S.C or I.V• Administer medication slowly• Wait 10 sec then withdraw needle• Assists patient to comfort position• Remove disposable gloves & wash hands• Return to evaluate pt response in 10 to 30Minutes• Recording & reporting

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