Learning objectives:At the end of this lecture each student should be able to:1- Define the injection2-List ten rights of medication administrations.3-Identify the components of medical order.4-Mention the different types of injections.5- Enumerate steps of injection’s procedure.
Definition of the injection:Injection involve forcing a liquid into the body via a syringe.
Ten Rights of Medication Administrations1. Right medication2. Right dose3. Right time4. Right route5. Right client6. Right client education7. Right documentation8. Right to refuse9. Right assessment10. Right evaluation
COMPONENTS of A MEDICATION ORDER• Client’s name• Date and time the order is written• Drug name• Dose to be administered• Route of administration• Frequency of administration• Signature of the person ordering the drug
General Preparation for all InjectionsBefore giving any kind of injection you will consider the following: Hand washing. Prepare the medication. Check up ® Prepare the client. Explain the procedure.
Cont…• Provide privacy.• Select and clean the site.• Prepare syringe for injection.• Inject.
General steps for all different type of injection• Apply medication rights• Explain the procedure to the patient• Keep privacy.• Hand washing.• Prepare necessary equipments &injection.• Drape the patient, only expose wanted area .• Put p.t in suitable and comfort position.
• Wear gloves.• Locate site by identify anatomical land mark.• Clean skin in circular motion outward & hold swab between fingers of non dominant hand.• Pull cap of needle without cause finger injury.• Hold syringe with dominant hand, with bevel point upward .
• Inject needle at suitable degree for I.M, I.D, S.C or I.V• Administer medication slowly• Wait 10 sec then withdraw needle• Assists patient to comfort position• Remove disposable gloves & wash hands• Return to evaluate pt response in 10 to 30Minutes• Recording & reporting