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Healthy eating sc

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ابراهيم العناني

ابراهيم العناني

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  • 1. Healthy EatingCovers part of ScienceUnit 5a: Keeping Healthy by Mrs. Chapman, 2005 Greet School, Birmingham
  • 2. IntroductionA Healthy Diet and Our BodyHealthy Eating PyramidThe Main Food GroupsFruit and VegetablesGrains and PulsesDairy ProductsStarches, Sugars and FatsVitamins and MineralsReading the Labels on FoodsHealthy Eating MythsLinks for further study
  • 3. A Healthy Diet and Our BodyIf our bodies are human machines food isour fuel. How well we eat, affects howwell our bodies work, and how long we live.It is especially important that we eatheathily as children, as we are still growingand developing; a young plant not givenproper nutrients grows up to be a poorspecimen . Foodie factA healthy diet is sometimes called a C h ild r e n t h a tbalanced diet as it needs to consist of e a t b re a k fa s tdifferent types of foods. g e t b e tte r s c o r e s inEating properly and regularly is really te s ts tha nimportant; what we eat and drink now, c h ild r e n t h a taffects our health in the future. d o n’ t!Back to Introduction
  • 4. Healthy Eating Pyramid Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes)
  • 5. Healthy Eating Pyramid Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes)
  • 6. Healthy Eating Pyramid Meat, fish and dairy: take something from this group Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes)
  • 7. Healthy Eating Pyramid Foods high in fats and sugars: take only small amounts from this group Meat, fish and dairy: take something from this group Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes)
  • 8. The Main Food GroupsBack to Introduction
  • 9. Fruit and VegetablesFruits and vegetables growon plants: underground, onthe ground or in trees. TakeEvery day we should eat at 5 a dayleast 5 portions of fruitand vegetables. (A portion everyday!is about a handful.)Fruit and vegetables giveus fibre and vitamins andminerals.Back to Main Food Groups
  • 10. Grains and PulsesThis food group includeswheat, corn, barley, rice,lentils, beans etc. What is..?These are all from plants R ic e is t h eand form a staple part of s t a p le f o o d in C h in a a n d m u c hthe diet for people all over o f the E a s t.the world. W h a t is it in t h e We s t (UK , US A )?Grains and pulses give uscarbohydrates and proteins.Nuts are another source ofprotein.Back to Main Food Groups
  • 11. Grains and PulsesThis food group includeswheat, corn, barley, rice,lentils, beans etc. AnswerThese are all from plants Wh e a t. We e a tand form a staple part of it in b r e a d , p a s t a , c e r e a ls ,the diet for people all over c a k e s , b is c u it sthe world. a n d it ’ s a d d e d t o a ll s o r t s o fGrains and pulses give us fo o d s .carbohydrates and proteins.Nuts are another source ofprotein.Back to Main Food Groups
  • 12. Dairy ProductsDairy foods are made from milk (usuallycow’s milk, but can be from other animalslike goats or sheep). Dairy foods give usproteins and fats. They are also a goodsource of calcium which is good for bonesand teeth.These foods include: Weird fact•Cheese (hard, soft, cottage); Our brains•Yogurt; are 80% fat.•Food high in milk or milk products.Back to Main Food Groups
  • 13. Meat, Fish and EggsThe main nutrients derived from meat areproteins, but it also gives us fats and someminerals.The meat and fish group includes: Foodie fact•Chicken and all poultry; S u s h i ( r a w f is h )•Fish and shellfish; is n o w M a r k s a nd S pe nc e r’ s•Beef, pork and lamb. b e s t -s e llin g lu n c h t im e•Eggs are included in this group too. s n a c k .Athletes eat lots of protein; they help tobuild muscles.Back to Main Food Groups
  • 14. Starches, Sugars and FatsSometimes foods are classified into starches, sugars andfats. Starches includes foods like potatoes and providemainly carbohydrates. Carbohydrates give us the energyto carry on with our day-to-day lives.Foods high in sugars include those naturally occurring asin fruit, and those containing refined/processed sugarssuch as sweets, chocolates, cakes etc. We need to limitour intake of refined sugars – these are empty calorieswhich give an immediate ‘boost’.A small amount of fat is important for health, but eatingtoo much fat is unhealthy. It leads to clogged arteries(restricted blood supply), high cholesterol and becomingoverweight.Back to Introduction
  • 15. Vitamins and MineralsOur bodies need all sorts of chemicals(vitamins and minerals) to be healthy. Themost common are:Vitamin A Helps Sweet maintain potatoes, eyesight carrotsVitamin B Help body Green leafy make protein vegetablesVitamin C Healing skin, Citrus fruit, preventing tomatoes coldsVitamin D Strengthen Milk bones SunlightVitamin E Helps Vegetable strengthen oils, nuts cellsIron Healthy blood Green leafy vegetablesBack to Introduction
  • 16. Reading the Labels on FoodsFood labelling is confusing. Thefront of packaging often tells adifferent story to the back. Food label Yo u c a n n o tProducts that claim to be Low in tru s t th e fro n tfat on the front, may be loaded o f the p a c k –with sugar, and sometimes, yo u n e e d toproducts saying things like re a d the b a c k !‘Less than 5% fat’ have more fattha similar products!Look at example food labels.Back to Introduction
  • 17. Healthy Eating Myths It doesn’t matter what I eat as long as I do lots of exercise.Back to Introduction
  • 18. Healthy Eating Myths It doesn’t matter what I eat as long as I do lots of exercise. Wrong! Exercise is good for you, but it still matters what you eat. Eating the right foods means we can learn better and exercise better too!Back to Introduction
  • 19. Healthy Eating Myths Chocolate is bad for you!Back to Introduction
  • 20. Healthy Eating Myths Chocolate is bad for you! It’s true that chocolate isn’t the healthiest snack – but it isn’t innately bad either! So, some chocolate can be part of a balanced diet. Plain (dark) chocolate is better for you thank milk; it is higher in iron.Back to Introduction
  • 21. Healthy Eating Myths Chewing and digesting a stick of celery uses up more energy than you get from the food.Back to Introduction
  • 22. Healthy Eating Myths Chewing and digesting a stick of celery uses up more energy than you get from the food. This sounds good, but unfortunately it isn’t true!Back to Introduction
  • 23. Links for further studyhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/4_11/uptoyou/http://www.lifebytes.gov.uk/teachers/lb_teachers-eat.htmHealthy eating and wired for health sites by the government – links to appropriate ages:http://www.wiredforhealth.gov.uk/cat.php?catid=886&docid=7219Food Standards Agency, 5 a day the Bash Street Way aimed at 7-11:http://www.food.gov.uk/interactivetools/educational/bashstreetdiet/http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/foodlabels/http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.htmlhttp://www.dole5aday.com/MusicAndPlay/M_Games.jsp?topmenu=6Flash game ‘identify the fruit’, interactive, suitable whiteboard, aimed at year 2:http://www.elllo.org/yeartwo/jan17th/vivian/fruit.htm Back to Introduction

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