Ukrainian Painting   Galician School of Icon Painting  With the rise of the Principality of Galicia-   Volynia principalit...
The chief icon painting schools in Galicia were  those of Peremyshl and Lviv. Each of them had many branches scattered thr...
Taras Schevchenko(March 9, 1814 – March 10, 1861)
Taras Schevchenko    Born into a serf family in thevillage of Moryntsi Shevchenkowas orphaned at the age ofeleven. He love...
Taras Schevchenko  Shevchenko went with his Russianaristocrat lord Pavel Engelhardt to Vilna(1828–31) and then to Saint Pe...
Taras Schevchenko   There he met the famous painterand professor Karl Bryulov, whodonated his portrait of the Russianpoet ...
Taras Schevchenko    In the same yearShevchenko was accepted asa student into the Academy ofArts in the workshop of KarlBr...
Taras Schevchenko   At the annual examinations at theImperial Academy of Arts,Shevchenko was given a SilverMedal for a lan...
Taras Schevchenko    In September 1841,Shevchenko was awarded histhird Silver Medal for The GypsyFortune Teller.
Gypsy Fortune-Teller
A PEASANT FAMILY
PORTRAIT OF A. ZAKREWSKA.
Kateryna
Taras Schevchenko     In 1844, distressed by the condition ofUkrainian regions in the Russian Empire,Shevchenko decided to...
THE BOGDAN CHURCH IN      SUBOTIV
THE VIDUBETSKY MONASTERY
ROMAN-CATHOLIC CHURCH IN         KIEV
ANDRUSHI
Taras Schevchenko   With the exception of some shortperiods of his exile, the enforcementof the Tsars ban on his creative ...
Taras Schevchenko    Taras Shevchenko spent the last yearsof his life working on new poetry,paintings, and engravings, as ...
Landscape Painting
Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi (January 27, 1841 – July 24, 1910)
Arkhip Kuindzhi     Arkhip Kuindzhi was born in January1841 in Mariupol, but he spent his youth inthe city of Taganrog. He...
Arkhip Kuindzhi    During the five years, from 1860to 1865, Arkhip Kuindzhi worked asretoucher in the photo studio ofIsako...
Arkhip Kuindzhi   He studied painting mainlyindependently and inSt. Petersburg Academy of Artsfrom 1868.    The full membe...
Arkhip Kuindzhi    He was co-partner of mobile artexhibitions Peredvizhniki, a group ofRussian realist artists who in prot...
Arkhip Kuindzhi    In 1872 the artist left the academyand worked as a freelancer. Thepainting Na ostrove Valaam (On theVal...
Arkhip Kuindzhi    In 1873, Kuindzhi exhibited hispainting The Snow, which received thebronze medal at theInternational Ar...
Arkhip Kuindzhi      Using light effects and intense colorsshown in main tones, he depicted theillusion of illumination (T...
A Birch Grove
Moonlight Night on Dneper
Rainbow
Arkhip Kuindzhi   Kuindzhi lectured at theSt.Petersburg Academy of arts (Professorsince 1892; professor-head of landscapew...
Serhii Vasylkivsky(October 19, 1854 - October 7, 1917)
Vasylkivsky grew up in anenvironment conducive to hisdevelopment as an artist. He spenthis childhood in the picturesquesur...
Serhii Vasylkivsky     Vasylkivskys father was a writer andtaught his son the aesthetics of propercalligraphy line, while ...
Serhii Vasylkivsky    Contrary to his fathers wishes,Vasylkivsky left for theSt. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts.While the...
Serhii Vasylkivsky    His education was supplementedwith travelling exhibitions and tripsback home. Upon graduation in 188...
Serhii Vasylkivsky   In Paris, Vasylkivsky becamefascinated with theSchool of Barbizon. By the time, hereturned to the Aca...
Serhii Vasylkivsky    The paintings reflected theinfluence of Barbizons panoramicdepiction of space, the sky and thesilver...
Serhii Vasylkivsky  After settling in Kharkiv in 1888, hewas active in Ukrainian artistic circlesand headed the architectu...
Serhii Vasylkivsky  A typical Vasylkivsky theme is anarmed horse-mounted cossack insteppes or a group of cossacks onsentry...
Cossack house
Serhii Vasylkivsky   Vasylkivsky left behind almost 3,000works of realist and impressionist art,sketches, drawings, a grea...
Cossack Picket
The Cossack Meadow
The Market in Poltava
Serhii Vasylkivsky• Together with Mykola Samokysh and  ethnographer and archaeologist Dmytro  Yavomytsky he collaborated o...
Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky            (1817-1900)
Ivan Aivazovsky  Ivan Aivazovsky was born in thefamily of a merchant of Armenianorigin in the town of Feodosia, theCrimea....
Ivan Aivazovsky    With the help of people who hadnoticed the talented youth, he enteredthe Simpheropol gymnasium, andthen...
Ivan Aivazovsky   In the autumn of 1836 Aivazovskypresented 5 marine pictures to theAcademic exhibition, which werehighly ...
Ivan Aivazovsky   During the period of 1840-1844Aivazovsky, as a pensioner of theAcademy of Arts, spent time in Italy,trav...
Ivan Aivazovsky  His works were highlyappreciated by J.W.M. Turner, aprominent English landscape andmarine painter.
Ivan Aivazovsky   In the course of his work,Aivazovsky evolved his own methodof depicting the motion of the sea –from memo...
Ivan Aivazovsky   When in 1844 the artistreturned to St. Petersburg, hewas awarded the title ofAcademician, and becameatta...
Ivan Aivazovsky    From 1846 to 1848 he paintedseveral canvases with naval warfareas the subject; the pictures portrayedhi...
Subashi desant
Brig Mercury Attacked by Two Turkish               Ships
Ivan Aivazovsky    Towards the 1850s the romanticfeatures in Aivazovsky’s work becameincreasingly pronounced. This can bes...
The Ninth Wave
Ivan Aivazovsky  The process, which determinedthe development of Russian art inthe second half of the 19thcentury, also af...
Ivan Aivazovsky   The artists greatest achievement ofthis period is The Black Sea (1881), apicture showing the nature of t...
Shipwreck
Tiflis
Ivan Aivazovsky    Aivazovsky left more than 6000pictures, which are of very differentvalue. There are masterpieces andthe...
Ivan Aivazovsky   He spent much money for charity,especially for his native town, heopened in Feodosia the first School of...
Ivan Aivazovsky    Aivazovsky was not just aprofessional marine painter. He knewthe sea and loved it sincerely.Although he...
Ivan Aivazovsky   Aivazovsky died on 19 April (2May New Style) 1900, on the verge ofthe twentieth century, leavingunfinish...
THE UKRAINIAN REALIST   GENRE PAINTING
Mykola Pymonenko(9 March 1862 - 26 March 1912)
Mykola PymonenkoPymonenko was born on March 9, 1862 in          Priorka (a suburb of Kyiv).     Prominent Ukrainian realis...
Mykola Pymonenko  He took part in the exhibitions of theSociety of South Russian Artists(1891–6) and Peredvizhniki society...
Mykola Pymonenko  Pymonenko produced over 700 genre scenes,landscapes and portraits, many of which werereproduced as postc...
Victim of Fanaticism
Harvest in Ukraine
Brod
Mykola Pymonenko    Pymonenko also createdillustrations for several of TarasShevchenkos narrative poems, andin the 1890s h...
Mykola Pymonenko  Pymonenko was widely acclaimedin the Russian Empire.  Books about him have been writtenby Yakiv Zatenats...
Avant-garde  Painting
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
Kazimir Malevich    (February 23, 1879 – May 15, 1935)   Kazimir Malevich was a Russianpainter and art theoretician of Pol...
Kazimir Malevich   Kazimir Malevich was born near Kiev.His father was the manager of a sugarfactory. His family moved ofte...
Kazimir Malevich   Malevich studied drawing in Kievfrom 1895 to 1896.   In 1904, after the death of hisfather, he moved to...
Kazimir Malevich  In 1911 he participated in thesecond exhibition of the groupSoyuz Molodyozhi in St. Petersburg,together ...
Kazimir Malevich  In the same year he participated inan exhibition by the collectiveDonkeys Tail in Moscow. By that timehi...
Kazimir Malevich    After the exhibition ofAristarkh Lentulovs paintings, opened inMoscow in 1913, Malevich immediatelyabs...
Kazimir Malevich   In 1914 Malevich exhibited hisworks in the Salon des Independantsin Paris   In 1915, Malevich laid down...
Suprematism
Kazimir Malevich    In 1916-1917 he participated inexhibitions of the Jack of Diamonds groupin Moscow together with Nathan...
Black Square
Kazimir Malevich   In 1918, Malevich decorated a playMystery Bouffe by Vladimir Mayakovskiyproduced by Vsevolod Meyerhold....
Summer Landscape
Kazimir Malevich   After the October Revolution,Malevich became a member of theCollegium on the Arts of Narkompros,the com...
Kazimir MalevichHe taught at the• Vitebsk Practical Art School (1919–  1922)• Leningrad Academy of Arts (1922–  1927)• Kie...
Kazimir Malevich    He wrote the book The World asNon-Objectivity (Munich 1926;English trans. 1959) which outlineshis Supr...
Englishman in Moscow
Head of a Peasant Girl
Bathers
Kazimir Malevich   The Stalinist regime turned againstformes of abstractism, consideringthem a type of “bourgeois" art, th...
Kazimir Malevich   Malevichs work only recentlyreappeared in art exhibitions inRussia after a long absence. Sincethen art ...
Kazimir Malevich   Malevich died of cancer inLeningrad on May 15, 1935. On hisdeathbed he was exhibited with theblack squa...
Alexsandra Alexandrovna Ekster          (1882-1949)
Alexsandra Ekster   Alexsandra Ekster was a Russian-Ukrainian painter (Cubo-Futurist,Suprematist, Constructivist), designe...
Alexsandra Ekster   Young Aleksandra received anexcellent private education, shestudied languages, music, art, andtook pri...
Alexsandra Ekster    From 1908 to 1924 she intermittentlylived in Kiev, Saint Petersburg, Odessa,Paris, Rome and Moscow.  ...
Alexsandra Ekster   Her painting studio in the attic at 27Funduklievskaya Street was a rallying stage forKievs intellectua...
Alexsandra Ekster   In 1908 she participated in an exhibitiontogether with members of the groupZveno (Link).   In 1914, Ek...
Three Women Figures
Alexsandra Ekster     Ekster absorbed from many sourcesand cultures in order to develop her ownoriginal style. In 1915-191...
Alexsandra Ekster   Later she founded a teaching andproduction workshop (MDI) in Kiev(1918–1920). Also during this periods...
Alexsandra Ekster   In 1919 together with other avant-garde artists Kliment Redko and NinaGenke-Meller she decorated thest...
Costume Kifared
illus. for Panorama de la cote
Alexsandra Ekster    In 1921 she became a director of theelementary course Color at the HigherArtistic-Technical Workshop ...
Alexsandra Ekster    In 1924, Aleksandra Ekster and herhusband emigrated to France and settledin Paris. Initially she beca...
Alexsandra Ekster    In 1933 she began creating extremelybeautiful and original illuminatedmanuscripts (gouache on paper),...
Alexsandra Ekster   She was a book illustrator for thepublishing company Flammarion inParis from 1936 until her death in t...
Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin(December 28 [O.S. December 16] 1885 – May 31, 1953)
Vladimir Tatlin   Vladimir Tatlin was born on December16, 1885 in Kharkov. He was a Russiansculptor and painter, designer,...
Vladimir Tatlin   Many of his earlier pictures are ofmaritime subjects, notably The Sailor(1911–12, Russian Museum,  St. P...
The Sailor
Vladimir Tatlin    From 1910 he showed work at severalavant-garde exhibitions in Russia In 1914.Tatlin visited Berlin and ...
Female Model
Vladimir Tatlin   Very few of theserevolutionary works survive, mostbeing known only fromphotographs; it appears that they...
Vladimir Tatlin   After the October Revolution of1917, Tatlins constructions madefrom ‘real materials in real space’were f...
Vladimir Tatlin    In 1919 he was commissioned todesign the Monument to the ThirdInternational. The huge monument—in the f...
Vladimir Tatlin  It was to be both functional andsymbolic, housing various offices ofthe revolutionary government andinclu...
Vladimir Tatlin    Gabo condemned the design asimpracticable and it was never executed (itwas intended to be much bigger t...
Vladimir Tatlin   He was active in teaching andadministration, and his own work wasmainly in the field of applied art,desi...
Vladimir Tatlin    From the 1930s his main activitywas theatre design. Tatlin completedhis constructivist stage set andcos...
Vladimir Tatlin    Under Socialist Realism hepractised mainly stage design (alifelong vocation), and died inrelative obscu...
Flowerpieces,   Still Life
KATERYNA BILOKUR(December 7, 1900 – June 9, 1961)
KATERYNA BILOKUR    Kateryna Bilokur was born in apeasant family in 1900 in the villageof Bohdanivka near Yahotyn. She did...
KATERYNA BILOKUR   She had been very gifted inpainting since her childhood. Shebegan painting portraits of herrelatives an...
KATERYNA BILOKUR     Her paintings derived from the life-giving source of folk creativity based onsongs, legends, tales an...
Flowers behind the fence
Flowers, apples, tomatoes
Garden Flowers
Bunch of Flowers
KATERYNA BILOKUR   Kateryna Bilokur first exhibited herpaintings in Poltava and Kyivin1940-41.   She was warmly welcomed b...
KATERYNA BILOKUR    But the Great Patriotic War beganand her eleven paintings were burntin Poltava museum. She livedthroug...
KATERYNA BILOKUR   The public was charmed byher pictures "Peonies", "Still lifewith bread", "Breakfast", "Flowersand walnu...
Peonies
Still life with bread
KATERYNA BILOKUR    But a well-known painterKateryna Bilokur had lived all herlife in pain and poverty; she didnot have an...
KATERYNA BILOKUR  Great fame came later, after herdeath.  Her works are exhibited inmuseums in Ukraine and abroad, apictur...
KATERYNA BILOKUR    A lot of books devoted to herlife and works are published inmany languages. The BilokurPrize Fund was ...
Tetyana Nylivna Yablonska(February 11, 1917 – June 17, 2005)
Tetyana Yablonska
Tetyana Yablonska   Yablonska was born in Smolensk.   She studied at the Kiev StateInstitute of Art (1941), the studio ofF...
Tetyana Yablonska   Her early vital pictures are devotedto work and a life of Ukrainian people("Bread", 1949). She has pas...
Tetyana Yablonska   Yablonska’s pictures alwaysfocused on the everyday life ofordinary people: daily routinescenes, portra...
Rest
Knitting
Morning
Summer Shining
Tetyana Yablonska    Yet the artist would take a special,unconventional, attitude to whatsurrounded her. This is reflected...
Tetyana Yablonska   Of special interest in the artist’sworks are colors which speak inunison with other details of the pic...
Tetyana Yablonska   They are organic, immaterial,solid and profound. The colorconveys the spiritual substance ofher works ...
Snow
May
Tetyana Yablonska    She was the winner of theUSSR State Prize (Stalin prize:1949, 1951 and State Prize:1979), winner of t...
A Sketch for the Film“Dusya, the Postman”
Tetyana Yablonska    Yablonska was awarded thehonorary title "Peoples Artists ofthe USSR" in 1982, "Artist ofYear" (UNESCO...
Tetyana YablonskaShe died in Kiev on June 17, 2005.
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
Ukrainian painting
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Ukrainian painting

  1. 1. Ukrainian Painting Galician School of Icon Painting With the rise of the Principality of Galicia- Volynia principality in the 13th century, aGalician tradition of icon painting arose. There was very little pressure on icon painters fromChurch authorities and they were free to follow their own artistic intuition rather than rigid canons in creating icons. Instead of the goldbackground, they often introduced red or green backgrounds.
  2. 2. The chief icon painting schools in Galicia were those of Peremyshl and Lviv. Each of them had many branches scattered throughout the Carpathian Mountains region as far west as Transcarpathia. Numerous samples of their work dating back to the early 15th century have been preserved.
  3. 3. Taras Schevchenko(March 9, 1814 – March 10, 1861)
  4. 4. Taras Schevchenko Born into a serf family in thevillage of Moryntsi Shevchenkowas orphaned at the age ofeleven. He loved to draw at everyopportunity.
  5. 5. Taras Schevchenko Shevchenko went with his Russianaristocrat lord Pavel Engelhardt to Vilna(1828–31) and then to Saint Petersburg. Engelhardt noticed Shevchenkosartistic talent and apprenticed him in Vilnato Jan Rustem, then in Saint Petersburg toVasiliy Shiryaev for four years.
  6. 6. Taras Schevchenko There he met the famous painterand professor Karl Bryulov, whodonated his portrait of the Russianpoet Vasily Zhukovsky as a lotteryprize, whose proceeds were used tobuy Shevchenkos freedom on May 5,1838.
  7. 7. Taras Schevchenko In the same yearShevchenko was accepted asa student into the Academy ofArts in the workshop of KarlBryulov. The next year hebecame a resident student atthe Association for theEncouragement of Artists.
  8. 8. Taras Schevchenko At the annual examinations at theImperial Academy of Arts,Shevchenko was given a SilverMedal for a landscape. In 1840 heagain received the Silver Medal, thistime for his first oil painting, TheBeggar Boy Giving Bread to a Dog.
  9. 9. Taras Schevchenko In September 1841,Shevchenko was awarded histhird Silver Medal for The GypsyFortune Teller.
  10. 10. Gypsy Fortune-Teller
  11. 11. A PEASANT FAMILY
  12. 12. PORTRAIT OF A. ZAKREWSKA.
  13. 13. Kateryna
  14. 14. Taras Schevchenko In 1844, distressed by the condition ofUkrainian regions in the Russian Empire,Shevchenko decided to capture some ofhis homelands historical ruins and culturalmonuments in an album of etchings,which he called Picturesque Ukraine. On March 22, 1845, the Council of theAcademy of Arts granted Shevchenko thetitle of an artist.
  15. 15. THE BOGDAN CHURCH IN SUBOTIV
  16. 16. THE VIDUBETSKY MONASTERY
  17. 17. ROMAN-CATHOLIC CHURCH IN KIEV
  18. 18. ANDRUSHI
  19. 19. Taras Schevchenko With the exception of some shortperiods of his exile, the enforcementof the Tsars ban on his creative workwas lax. The poet produced severaldrawings and sketches as well aswritings while serving and travelingon assignment in the Ural regions andareas on modern Kazakhstan.
  20. 20. Taras Schevchenko Taras Shevchenko spent the last yearsof his life working on new poetry,paintings, and engravings, as well asediting his older works. But after hisdifficult years in exile his final illnessproved too much. Shevchenko died inSaint Petersburg on March 10, 1861, theday after his 47th birthday.
  21. 21. Landscape Painting
  22. 22. Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi (January 27, 1841 – July 24, 1910)
  23. 23. Arkhip Kuindzhi Arkhip Kuindzhi was born in January1841 in Mariupol, but he spent his youth inthe city of Taganrog. He grew up in a poorfamily, and Arkhip was six years old whenhe lost his parents, so that he was forcedto make his living, working at the churchbuilding site, grazing domestic animals,and working at the corn merchants shop.
  24. 24. Arkhip Kuindzhi During the five years, from 1860to 1865, Arkhip Kuindzhi worked asretoucher in the photo studio ofIsakovich in Taganrog. Kuindzhi triedto open his own photographersstudio, but without success. After thatKuindzhi left Taganrog forSaint Petersburg.
  25. 25. Arkhip Kuindzhi He studied painting mainlyindependently and inSt. Petersburg Academy of Artsfrom 1868. The full member since 1893.
  26. 26. Arkhip Kuindzhi He was co-partner of mobile artexhibitions Peredvizhniki, a group ofRussian realist artists who in protestto academic restrictions formed anartists cooperative, which evolvedinto the Society for Traveling ArtExhibitions. During this early periodKuinczhy felt Ivan Aivazovskysinfluence.
  27. 27. Arkhip Kuindzhi In 1872 the artist left the academyand worked as a freelancer. Thepainting Na ostrove Valaam (On theValaam Island) was the first artwork,which Pavel Tretyakov acquired forhis art gallery.
  28. 28. Arkhip Kuindzhi In 1873, Kuindzhi exhibited hispainting The Snow, which received thebronze medal at theInternational Art Exhibition in London in1874. In the middle of 1870s he created anumber of paintings in which thelandscape motif was designed forconcrete social associations in the spirit ofPeredvizhniki.
  29. 29. Arkhip Kuindzhi Using light effects and intense colorsshown in main tones, he depicted theillusion of illumination (The Ukrainiannight, 1876; Birch Grove, 1879; After athunderstorm, 1879). His later works areremarkable by decorative effects of colorbuilding.
  30. 30. A Birch Grove
  31. 31. Moonlight Night on Dneper
  32. 32. Rainbow
  33. 33. Arkhip Kuindzhi Kuindzhi lectured at theSt.Petersburg Academy of arts (Professorsince 1892; professor-head of landscapeworkshop since 1894; but he was fired in1897 for support of students protests). Among his students were artists suchas Arkady Rylov, Nicholas Roerich,Konstantin Bogaevsky, and others.Kuindzhi initiated creation of the Society ofartists in 1909.
  34. 34. Serhii Vasylkivsky(October 19, 1854 - October 7, 1917)
  35. 35. Vasylkivsky grew up in anenvironment conducive to hisdevelopment as an artist. He spenthis childhood in the picturesquesurroundings of Izyum.
  36. 36. Serhii Vasylkivsky Vasylkivskys father was a writer andtaught his son the aesthetics of propercalligraphy line, while his mother throughher folk songs set the foundation whichprovided the inspiration for Vasylkivskysart later in life. Lastly Dmytro Bezperchy,an art teacher at the Kharkiv gymnasiumand a student of Karl Bryulov, providedVasylkivsky the necessary artistic support.
  37. 37. Serhii Vasylkivsky Contrary to his fathers wishes,Vasylkivsky left for theSt. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts.While there, Vasylkivsky wassupervised by well known landscapepainters Volodymyr Orlovsky andMykhailo Klodt.
  38. 38. Serhii Vasylkivsky His education was supplementedwith travelling exhibitions and tripsback home. Upon graduation in 1885he travelled to Europe and NorthAfrica on a scholarship from theAcademy, painting places he visitedfrom Spain to Germany and Egypt.
  39. 39. Serhii Vasylkivsky In Paris, Vasylkivsky becamefascinated with theSchool of Barbizon. By the time, hereturned to the Academy, Vasylkivskybrought with him an exhibition ofalmost 50 art works. Critics praisedthese paintings, calling them"miniature pearls".
  40. 40. Serhii Vasylkivsky The paintings reflected theinfluence of Barbizons panoramicdepiction of space, the sky and thesilvery atmosphere of "Piere Corot". Vasylkivsky retained thesecharacteristics in his Ukrainianlandscapes.
  41. 41. Serhii Vasylkivsky After settling in Kharkiv in 1888, hewas active in Ukrainian artistic circlesand headed the architectural and artsociety there. Vasylkivsky died at age62 in Kharkiv.
  42. 42. Serhii Vasylkivsky A typical Vasylkivsky theme is anarmed horse-mounted cossack insteppes or a group of cossacks onsentry duty, travelling or resting.
  43. 43. Cossack house
  44. 44. Serhii Vasylkivsky Vasylkivsky left behind almost 3,000works of realist and impressionist art,sketches, drawings, a great number ofwhich were lost during World War II. He was the first, after TarasShevchenko, to draw upon subject matterfrom Ukraines past and completed anumber of works on historical andethnographic themes.
  45. 45. Cossack Picket
  46. 46. The Cossack Meadow
  47. 47. The Market in Poltava
  48. 48. Serhii Vasylkivsky• Together with Mykola Samokysh and ethnographer and archaeologist Dmytro Yavomytsky he collaborated on the album "From Ukrainian Antiquity" (1900).• Albums of Vasylkivskys works were published in 1970 and 1987.
  49. 49. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817-1900)
  50. 50. Ivan Aivazovsky Ivan Aivazovsky was born in thefamily of a merchant of Armenianorigin in the town of Feodosia, theCrimea. His parents were understrained circumstances and he spenthis childhood in poverty.
  51. 51. Ivan Aivazovsky With the help of people who hadnoticed the talented youth, he enteredthe Simpheropol gymnasium, andthen the St. Petersburg Academy ofArts, where he took the landscapepainting course and was especiallyinterested in marine landscapes.
  52. 52. Ivan Aivazovsky In the autumn of 1836 Aivazovskypresented 5 marine pictures to theAcademic exhibition, which werehighly appreciated. In 1837, Aivazovsky received theMajor Gold Medal for Calm in the Gulfof Finland (1836) and The GreatRoads at Kronstadt (1836).
  53. 53. Ivan Aivazovsky During the period of 1840-1844Aivazovsky, as a pensioner of theAcademy of Arts, spent time in Italy,traveled to Germany, France, Spain,and Holland. He worked much andhad many exhibitions, meetingeverywhere with success.
  54. 54. Ivan Aivazovsky His works were highlyappreciated by J.W.M. Turner, aprominent English landscape andmarine painter.
  55. 55. Ivan Aivazovsky In the course of his work,Aivazovsky evolved his own methodof depicting the motion of the sea –from memory, without preliminarysketches, limiting himself to roughpencil outlines. Aivazovsky’sphenomenal memory and romanticimagination allowed him to do all thiswith incomparable brilliance.
  56. 56. Ivan Aivazovsky When in 1844 the artistreturned to St. Petersburg, hewas awarded the title ofAcademician, and becameattached to the General NavalHeadquarters.
  57. 57. Ivan Aivazovsky From 1846 to 1848 he paintedseveral canvases with naval warfareas the subject; the pictures portrayedhistorical battles of the Russian FleetThe Battle of Chesme (1848), TheBattle in the Chios Channel (1848),Meeting of the Brig Mercury with theRussian Squadron... (1848).
  58. 58. Subashi desant
  59. 59. Brig Mercury Attacked by Two Turkish Ships
  60. 60. Ivan Aivazovsky Towards the 1850s the romanticfeatures in Aivazovsky’s work becameincreasingly pronounced. This can beseen quite clearly in one of his best andmost famous paintingsThe Ninth Wave (1850) and also inMoonlit Night (1849), The Sea. Koktebel.(1853), Storm (1854) and others.
  61. 61. The Ninth Wave
  62. 62. Ivan Aivazovsky The process, which determinedthe development of Russian art inthe second half of the 19thcentury, also affected Aivazovsky.
  63. 63. Ivan Aivazovsky The artists greatest achievement ofthis period is The Black Sea (1881), apicture showing the nature of the sea,eternally alive, always in motion.Other important pictures of the lateyears are The Rainbow (1873),Shipwreck (1876), The Billow (1889),The Mary Caught in a Storm (1892).
  64. 64. Shipwreck
  65. 65. Tiflis
  66. 66. Ivan Aivazovsky Aivazovsky left more than 6000pictures, which are of very differentvalue. There are masterpieces andthere are very timid works. He failedto draw landscapes, could not draw aman.
  67. 67. Ivan Aivazovsky He spent much money for charity,especially for his native town, heopened in Feodosia the first School ofArts (in 1865), then the Art Gallery (in1889). He was a member ofAcademies of Stuttgart, Florence,Rome and Amsterdam.
  68. 68. Ivan Aivazovsky Aivazovsky was not just aprofessional marine painter. He knewthe sea and loved it sincerely.Although he turned occasionally toother art forms such as landscapeand portraiture, these were only briefdepartures from his chosen genre towhich he remained faithful all his life.
  69. 69. Ivan Aivazovsky Aivazovsky died on 19 April (2May New Style) 1900, on the verge ofthe twentieth century, leavingunfinished a picture he had begunthat same day.
  70. 70. THE UKRAINIAN REALIST GENRE PAINTING
  71. 71. Mykola Pymonenko(9 March 1862 - 26 March 1912)
  72. 72. Mykola PymonenkoPymonenko was born on March 9, 1862 in Priorka (a suburb of Kyiv). Prominent Ukrainian realist painter was a full member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1904. After studying at the Kyiv Drawing School (1878–82) and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts he taught at the Kyiv Drawing School (1884– 1900) and Kyiv Art School (1900–6).
  73. 73. Mykola Pymonenko He took part in the exhibitions of theSociety of South Russian Artists(1891–6) and Peredvizhniki society (from1893) and became a member of the lattersociety in 1899. In 1909 he was elected amember of the Paris InternationalAssociation of Arts and Literatures.
  74. 74. Mykola Pymonenko Pymonenko produced over 700 genre scenes,landscapes and portraits, many of which werereproduced as postcards. They include Wedding (The Kyiv Gubernia)(1891), Girls Fortune-telling (1893),Kyiv Flower Seller (1897), At the Market(1898), Victim of Fanaticism (1899),Before the Storm (1906), Hay Gathering inUkraine (1907), Meeting a Compatriot (1908),Young People (At the Well) (1909), Hopak(1908; bought by the Louvre), and PaschalMatins (1910).
  75. 75. Victim of Fanaticism
  76. 76. Harvest in Ukraine
  77. 77. Brod
  78. 78. Mykola Pymonenko Pymonenko also createdillustrations for several of TarasShevchenkos narrative poems, andin the 1890s he took part in paintingthe murals inSaint Volodymyrs Cathedral inKyiv.
  79. 79. Mykola Pymonenko Pymonenko was widely acclaimedin the Russian Empire. Books about him have been writtenby Yakiv Zatenatsky (1955) and P.Hovdia (1957), and an album of hisworks was published in Kyiv in 1983.
  80. 80. Avant-garde Painting
  81. 81. Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
  82. 82. Kazimir Malevich (February 23, 1879 – May 15, 1935) Kazimir Malevich was a Russianpainter and art theoretician of Polishdescent, pioneer of geometric abstract artand the originator of the Avant-gardeSuprematist movement. RecentlyUkrainian art historians established theprecise birthdate of the artist: February 23,1879.
  83. 83. Kazimir Malevich Kazimir Malevich was born near Kiev.His father was the manager of a sugarfactory. His family moved often and hespent most childhood in the villages ofUkraine amidst sugar-beet plantations, farfrom centers of culture. Until age 12 heknew nothing of professional artists,though art had surrounded him inchildhood.
  84. 84. Kazimir Malevich Malevich studied drawing in Kievfrom 1895 to 1896. In 1904, after the death of hisfather, he moved to Moscow wherehe studied at theMoscow School of Painting, Sculpture an from 1904 to 1910 and in the studioof Fedor Rerberg in Moscow (1904–1910).
  85. 85. Kazimir Malevich In 1911 he participated in thesecond exhibition of the groupSoyuz Molodyozhi in St. Petersburg,together with Vladimir Tatlin and, in1912, the group held its thirdexhibition, which included works byAleksandra Ekster, Tatlin and others.
  86. 86. Kazimir Malevich In the same year he participated inan exhibition by the collectiveDonkeys Tail in Moscow. By that timehis works were influenced by Russianavant-garde painters who wereparticularly interested in Russian folkart called Lubok.
  87. 87. Kazimir Malevich After the exhibition ofAristarkh Lentulovs paintings, opened inMoscow in 1913, Malevich immediatelyabsorbed the cubist principles and beganusing them in his works. Already in thesame year the Cubo-Futurist operaVictory Over the Sun with Malevichsstage-set became a great success.
  88. 88. Kazimir Malevich In 1914 Malevich exhibited hisworks in the Salon des Independantsin Paris In 1915, Malevich laid down thefoundations of Suprematism. Hepublished his manifesto From Cubismto Suprematism.
  89. 89. Suprematism
  90. 90. Kazimir Malevich In 1916-1917 he participated inexhibitions of the Jack of Diamonds groupin Moscow together with Nathan Altman,David Burliuk and A. Ekster, amongothers. Famous examples of hisSuprematist works include Black Square(1915) and White on White (1918).
  91. 91. Black Square
  92. 92. Kazimir Malevich In 1918, Malevich decorated a playMystery Bouffe by Vladimir Mayakovskiyproduced by Vsevolod Meyerhold. He was also interested inaerial photography and aviation, which ledhim to abstractions inspired by or derivedfrom aerial landscapes.
  93. 93. Summer Landscape
  94. 94. Kazimir Malevich After the October Revolution,Malevich became a member of theCollegium on the Arts of Narkompros,the commission for the protection ofmonuments and the museumscommission (all from 1918-1919).
  95. 95. Kazimir MalevichHe taught at the• Vitebsk Practical Art School (1919– 1922)• Leningrad Academy of Arts (1922– 1927)• Kiev State Art Institute (1927–1929)• House of the Arts in Leningrad (1930)
  96. 96. Kazimir Malevich He wrote the book The World asNon-Objectivity (Munich 1926;English trans. 1959) which outlineshis Suprematist theories. In 1927, he traveled to Warsaw andthen to Berlin and Munich for aretrospective which finally brought himinternational recognition.
  97. 97. Englishman in Moscow
  98. 98. Head of a Peasant Girl
  99. 99. Bathers
  100. 100. Kazimir Malevich The Stalinist regime turned againstformes of abstractism, consideringthem a type of “bourgeois" art, thatcould not express social realities. Asa consequence, many of his workswere confiscated and he was bannedfrom creating and exhibiting similarart.
  101. 101. Kazimir Malevich Malevichs work only recentlyreappeared in art exhibitions inRussia after a long absence. Sincethen art followers have labored toreintroduce the artist to Russianlovers of painting. A book of histheoretical works with an anthology ofreminiscences and writings has beenpublished.
  102. 102. Kazimir Malevich Malevich died of cancer inLeningrad on May 15, 1935. On hisdeathbed he was exhibited with theblack square above him and a whitecube decorated with a black squarewas placed on his tomb.
  103. 103. Alexsandra Alexandrovna Ekster (1882-1949)
  104. 104. Alexsandra Ekster Alexsandra Ekster was a Russian-Ukrainian painter (Cubo-Futurist,Suprematist, Constructivist), designer, andone of the founders of Art Deco. She wasborn in Belostok, (now Poland) to awealthy Belarusian family. Her father,Aleksandr Grigorovich, was a wealthybusinessman.
  105. 105. Alexsandra Ekster Young Aleksandra received anexcellent private education, shestudied languages, music, art, andtook private drawing lessons.Shestudied at Kiev art school, then in1907 attended Académie de laGrande Chaumière in Montparnasse,Paris.
  106. 106. Alexsandra Ekster From 1908 to 1924 she intermittentlylived in Kiev, Saint Petersburg, Odessa,Paris, Rome and Moscow. In Paris, Aleksandra Ekster was apersonal friend of Pablo Picasso andGeorges Braque, who introduced her toGertrude Stein.
  107. 107. Alexsandra Ekster Her painting studio in the attic at 27Funduklievskaya Street was a rallying stage forKievs intellectual elite. There she was visited bypoets and writers, such as Anna Akhmatova, IliaEhrenburg, and Osip Mandelstam, dancersBronislava Nijinska and Elsa Kruger, as well asmany artists Alexander Bogomazov,Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine, and students, suchas Grigori Kozintsev, Sergei Yutkevich, andAleksei Kapler among many others.
  108. 108. Alexsandra Ekster In 1908 she participated in an exhibitiontogether with members of the groupZveno (Link). In 1914, Ekster participated in the Salon desIndépendants exhibitions in Paris, together withKazimir Malevich, Alexander Archipenko, VadymMeller, Sonia Delaunay-Terk and other Frenchand Russian artists. In that same year sheparticipated in the International FuturistExhibition in Milan. In 1915 she joined the groupof avant-garde artists Supremus.
  109. 109. Three Women Figures
  110. 110. Alexsandra Ekster Ekster absorbed from many sourcesand cultures in order to develop her ownoriginal style. In 1915-1916 she worked inthe peasant craft cooperatives in thevillages Skoptsi and Verbovka.
  111. 111. Alexsandra Ekster Later she founded a teaching andproduction workshop (MDI) in Kiev(1918–1920). Also during this periodshe was one of the leading names ofAlexander Tairovs Chamber Theatre.
  112. 112. Alexsandra Ekster In 1919 together with other avant-garde artists Kliment Redko and NinaGenke-Meller she decorated thestreets and squares of Kiev andOdessa in abstract style forRevolution Festivities. She worked asa costume designer in a Ballet Studio.
  113. 113. Costume Kifared
  114. 114. illus. for Panorama de la cote
  115. 115. Alexsandra Ekster In 1921 she became a director of theelementary course Color at the HigherArtistic-Technical Workshop in Moscow, aposition she held until 1924. Her work wasdisplayed alongside that of otherconstructivist artists at the 5x5=25exhibition held in Moscow in 1921.
  116. 116. Alexsandra Ekster In 1924, Aleksandra Ekster and herhusband emigrated to France and settledin Paris. Initially she became a Professorat the Academie der Moderne in Paris.From 1926 to 1930 Ekster was a professorat Fernand Légers Académie dArtContemporain.
  117. 117. Alexsandra Ekster In 1933 she began creating extremelybeautiful and original illuminatedmanuscripts (gouache on paper), whichare beyond doubt the most importantworks of the last phase of her life. In 1936she participated in the exhibition Cubismand Abstract Art in New York and went onto have solo exhibitions in Prague and inParis.
  118. 118. Alexsandra Ekster She was a book illustrator for thepublishing company Flammarion inParis from 1936 until her death in theParis suburb of Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  119. 119. Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin(December 28 [O.S. December 16] 1885 – May 31, 1953)
  120. 120. Vladimir Tatlin Vladimir Tatlin was born on December16, 1885 in Kharkov. He was a Russiansculptor and painter, designer, and makerof abstract constructions, the founder ofConstructivism. He ran away to sea at theage of 18 and until 1914 combinedpainting with the life of a merchantseaman.
  121. 121. Vladimir Tatlin Many of his earlier pictures are ofmaritime subjects, notably The Sailor(1911–12, Russian Museum, St. Petersburg), a self-portrait.
  122. 122. The Sailor
  123. 123. Vladimir Tatlin From 1910 he showed work at severalavant-garde exhibitions in Russia In 1914.Tatlin visited Berlin and Paris. He hauntedPicassos studio and on his return toRussia began making a series of abstractPainted Reliefs, Relief Constructions, andCorner Reliefs inspired by Picassossculptural experiments.
  124. 124. Female Model
  125. 125. Vladimir Tatlin Very few of theserevolutionary works survive, mostbeing known only fromphotographs; it appears that theywere made of a variety ofmaterials — tin, glass, wood,plaster, etc.
  126. 126. Vladimir Tatlin After the October Revolution of1917, Tatlins constructions madefrom ‘real materials in real space’were felt to be in accordance with thenew ‘culture of materials’ and hethrew himself wholeheartedly into thedemand for socially oriented art.
  127. 127. Vladimir Tatlin In 1919 he was commissioned todesign the Monument to the ThirdInternational. The huge monument—in the form of a leaning, openwork,spiral tower in iron and glass—wasintended for a position in the centre ofMoscow.
  128. 128. Vladimir Tatlin It was to be both functional andsymbolic, housing various offices ofthe revolutionary government andincluding such features as animmense projector for throwingpropaganda images onto clouds. Amodel was exhibited in December1920 at the exhibition of the VIIIthCongress of the Soviets.
  129. 129. Vladimir Tatlin Gabo condemned the design asimpracticable and it was never executed (itwas intended to be much bigger than theEiffel Tower), but it is recognized as theoutstanding symbol of SovietConstructivism. The original model hasbeen destroyed, but there is areconstruction in the Moderna Museet,Stockholm.
  130. 130. Vladimir Tatlin He was active in teaching andadministration, and his own work wasmainly in the field of applied art,designing furniture, workers clothes,etc. In the late 1920s and early 1930she devoted his energies to designinga glider, which he called Letatlin.
  131. 131. Vladimir Tatlin From the 1930s his main activitywas theatre design. Tatlin completedhis constructivist stage set andcostume designs for Zangezi for amemorial production in honor of hisfriend. His later years were spent inlonely obscurity. In 1948 theCommunist Party declared him an‘enemy of the people’.
  132. 132. Vladimir Tatlin Under Socialist Realism hepractised mainly stage design (alifelong vocation), and died inrelative obscurity.
  133. 133. Flowerpieces, Still Life
  134. 134. KATERYNA BILOKUR(December 7, 1900 – June 9, 1961)
  135. 135. KATERYNA BILOKUR Kateryna Bilokur was born in apeasant family in 1900 in the villageof Bohdanivka near Yahotyn. She didnot have any education and had tostudy by herself. She masteredliteracy, read a lot and her soulcraved for something unattainable.
  136. 136. KATERYNA BILOKUR She had been very gifted inpainting since her childhood. Shebegan painting portraits of herrelatives and villagers. In her laterworks Kateryna would extol a flower— the beauty of the land.
  137. 137. KATERYNA BILOKUR Her paintings derived from the life-giving source of folk creativity based onsongs, legends, tales and decorative arts.She admired the patterns on householdutensils, Ukrainian clothes, towels, but hertender poetic soul was mostly charmed byflowers that blossomed around her house,in the gardens, meadows and fields.
  138. 138. Flowers behind the fence
  139. 139. Flowers, apples, tomatoes
  140. 140. Garden Flowers
  141. 141. Bunch of Flowers
  142. 142. KATERYNA BILOKUR Kateryna Bilokur first exhibited herpaintings in Poltava and Kyivin1940-41. She was warmly welcomed by hercolleagues — Ukrainian artists andher way to recognition started.
  143. 143. KATERYNA BILOKUR But the Great Patriotic War beganand her eleven paintings were burntin Poltava museum. She livedthrough hardships and difficulties ofthis war. The 1950s saw anotherraise in her artistic career. Her workswere exhibited in Moscow and othercities.
  144. 144. KATERYNA BILOKUR The public was charmed byher pictures "Peonies", "Still lifewith bread", "Breakfast", "Flowersand walnuts" and others.
  145. 145. Peonies
  146. 146. Still life with bread
  147. 147. KATERYNA BILOKUR But a well-known painterKateryna Bilokur had lived all herlife in pain and poverty; she didnot have any family or children.The grave illness tortured her,besides she had to look after hersick mother.
  148. 148. KATERYNA BILOKUR Great fame came later, after herdeath. Her works are exhibited inmuseums in Ukraine and abroad, apicture gallery bearing her namewas open in Yahotyn, a street wasnamed after her in Kyiv.
  149. 149. KATERYNA BILOKUR A lot of books devoted to herlife and works are published inmany languages. The BilokurPrize Fund was founded forpraising the most talented artistsand painters.
  150. 150. Tetyana Nylivna Yablonska(February 11, 1917 – June 17, 2005)
  151. 151. Tetyana Yablonska
  152. 152. Tetyana Yablonska Yablonska was born in Smolensk. She studied at the Kiev StateInstitute of Art (1941), the studio ofFedir Krychevsky. She worked veryproductively until the very end of herlife, reportedly painting her last pasteletude on the very day of her death.
  153. 153. Tetyana Yablonska Her early vital pictures are devotedto work and a life of Ukrainian people("Bread", 1949). She has passed togeneralizing images of the nature,differing a subtlety of plastic and colorrhythms ("Anonymous heights", 1969;"Flax", 1977).
  154. 154. Tetyana Yablonska Yablonska’s pictures alwaysfocused on the everyday life ofordinary people: daily routinescenes, portraits of familymembers, and self-portraits in ahome surrounding.
  155. 155. Rest
  156. 156. Knitting
  157. 157. Morning
  158. 158. Summer Shining
  159. 159. Tetyana Yablonska Yet the artist would take a special,unconventional, attitude to whatsurrounded her. This is reflected inher works: there is nothing artificial orphony in them. They all carryextraordinary warmth and the feelingof being delighted with the world’sbeauty.
  160. 160. Tetyana Yablonska Of special interest in the artist’sworks are colors which speak inunison with other details of the picturebut still express something of theirown in a special language that onlythey can speak.
  161. 161. Tetyana Yablonska They are organic, immaterial,solid and profound. The colorconveys the spiritual substance ofher works and is their maincomponent.
  162. 162. Snow
  163. 163. May
  164. 164. Tetyana Yablonska She was the winner of theUSSR State Prize (Stalin prize:1949, 1951 and State Prize:1979), winner of the Schevchenkostate prize of Ukraine (1998).
  165. 165. A Sketch for the Film“Dusya, the Postman”
  166. 166. Tetyana Yablonska Yablonska was awarded thehonorary title "Peoples Artists ofthe USSR" in 1982, "Artist ofYear" (UNESCO) in 1997,"Woman of Year" (InternationalBiography Centre, Cambridge) in2000.
  167. 167. Tetyana YablonskaShe died in Kiev on June 17, 2005.

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