1
Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 2
Sparkling slabs of the 'white gold' at the heart of Ethiopia's ancient salt trade form
patterns in a vast desert basin in ...
衣索比亞北部的阿爾法窪地(又稱為達納基爾窪地)是地球上最熱的地方
之一。這一地區大部分都處於海平面 90 米以下 就像一個大鍋 夏季時的溫﹐ ﹐
度能達到 49 攝氏度 並且伴有活躍的火山活動。色彩豐富而環境極端的阿﹐
爾法窪地 同時也出產一種...
Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
5
Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
6
A camel caravan at the edge of the salt pan in Ethiopia's Danakil depression, near
Dallol volcano.(Reuters/Michel Laplace-...
Unloading salt slabs in Berahile. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
8
Mining: A worker sets about extracting salt from the desert in the Danakil
Depression in northern Ethiopia, which has an a...
Manual work: A worker ties together slabs of salt that have been extracted from the
sun-blasted earth in the vast Danakil ...
Arid: A man extracts salt from the desert in the Danakil Depression, where rain never
falls and average annual temperature...
African tradition: A camel herder and salt merchant clutches rope in the Danakil
Depression, the unforgiving region at the...
Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar
Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 13
(Ziv Koren/Polaris) 14
Danakil Desert, Ethiopia, Africa: An isolated village on the road of the camel caravans
used for carrying salt through the...
(Ziv Koren/Polaris)
16
Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the
Danakil Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)...
Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the
Danakil Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)...
Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the Danakil
Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)...
Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar
Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 20
Camels in the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
21
Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
22
Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil
desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris)
23
Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar
Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 24
Danakil Depression: Once the merchants find a suitable place to mine, they extract,
shape and pack as many salt slabs as p...
Lonely landscape: A camel caravan loaded with slabs of salt can be seen making its
way back to civilisation from the Danak...
Arduous trek: Camel caravans and journeyed to and from the remote Ethiopian salt
desert in this way for hundreds of years/...
Feeding time: Miners who have relied on camels to make the long journey to the salt
desert for centuries fear a planned ro...
Changing times: Camel caravans have been making the
journey to the Danakil Depression for hundreds of years, but
construct...
The Danakil Depression is one of the lowest points on Earth that is not covered in
water. Geologists believe that in 10 mi...
Unforgiving environment: A man walks along sulphur and mineral salt formations
near Dallol inthe Danakil Depression, north...
Other-worldly: Swirling sulphur and mineral salt formations can be seen in the
Danakil Depression, one of the hottest and ...
Solitary trek: An armed Afar man steps on rocks as he crosses a river close to the
Danakil Depression in Ethiopia/ Reuters...
Years of journeys: Abu Ibrahim Mohammed, a retired salt merchant, was 15 years
old when he first began trekking with carav...
Toiling in the heat: Miners extract salt before shaping and packing
the slabs, loading up their camels and preparing for t...
36
The Afar use axes and long sticks to break the salt crust and lift up large slabs.
Unfortunately, they were not doing it ,...
Using homemade tools, they remove the mud layer and then carve the slab into a
nice square block, of two or three relative...
A large block, once completed. It only takes a short
time to make one, and they sell it for about 2 Birr
($0.10). Large ca...
Precious cargo: A young man heaves slabs of salt onto a truck in Berahile in Ethiopia,
after the long journey from the Dan...
Empty camels, ready to be loaded up with salt blocks.
41
42
Long journey: A worker loads a camel with slabs of salt in the Danakil Depression in
northern Ethiopia, before making the ...
Pack animals: Camels walk in single file behind a salt merchant
through the vast, barren landscape/ Reuters 44
45
Dry heat: Scores of camels form a caravan to trek across the barren landscape in the African desert
46
Water source: Young residents of Hamad-Ile pump water from a well in the Danakil
Depression/ Reuters 47
Rest stop: Salt merchants are seen posing for a photograph after they stop to rest for the
night in a canyon on their way ...
Making camp: Merchants and their pack animals rest side by side as they journey
back from extracting salt from the desert ...
Final destination: The lights of Berahile in Afar, where much of the economy revolves
around the salt trade/ Reuters
50
Wares: Workers unload slabs of salt from their camels upon arrival in the town of
Berahile, in Afar/ Reuters
51
Men prepare bars of salt to be sold in the main market of the city of Mekele,
northern Ethiopia, in this April 24, 2013, f...
A man prepares bars of salt to be sold in the main market of the city of Mekele,
northern Ethiopia. (Pic: Reuters)
53
Salt used to act as a form of currency in the region. Now, most people prefer cash. 54
555/01/2014 王文堯 Kaohsiung Taiwan R.O.C
All photos were taken from NG, Daily Mail,Yahoo New,Internet..etc.
THE END
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Ethiopia's Ancient Salt Trade

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Ethiopia's Ancient Salt Trade

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 2
  3. 3. Sparkling slabs of the 'white gold' at the heart of Ethiopia's ancient salt trade form patterns in a vast desert basin in this incredible image. For centuries Ethiopians have made the long trek to the Danakil Depression - one of the hottest and harshest environments in the world - to collect salt from the sun-blasted earth before transporting the slabs back by camel. But a tradition that has continued for hundreds of years could be set to change beyond recognition, with the construction of a paved road cutting through the Danakil Depression. --Daily Mail 3
  4. 4. 衣索比亞北部的阿爾法窪地(又稱為達納基爾窪地)是地球上最熱的地方 之一。這一地區大部分都處於海平面 90 米以下 就像一個大鍋 夏季時的溫﹐ ﹐ 度能達到 49 攝氏度 並且伴有活躍的火山活動。色彩豐富而環境極端的阿﹐ 爾法窪地 同時也出產一種非常有價 的貨物 鹽。阿爾法人在這裡採鹽的﹐ 值 ﹕ 歷史已經有數個世紀。這些鹽來自 3 萬年前漫過此地的紅海洪水。今天﹐ 工人們從地上切下鹽磚 將其包裹起來放在駱駝背上 行走數天穿越沙漠到﹐ ﹐ 達市鎮 在那裡鹽磚被賣給商人並裝到貨車上。﹐ -- 國家地理雜誌 4
  5. 5. Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 5
  6. 6. Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 6
  7. 7. A camel caravan at the edge of the salt pan in Ethiopia's Danakil depression, near Dallol volcano.(Reuters/Michel Laplace-Toulouse) 7
  8. 8. Unloading salt slabs in Berahile. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 8
  9. 9. Mining: A worker sets about extracting salt from the desert in the Danakil Depression in northern Ethiopia, which has an average annual temperature of 94F (34.4C) 9
  10. 10. Manual work: A worker ties together slabs of salt that have been extracted from the sun-blasted earth in the vast Danakil Depression/ Reuters 10
  11. 11. Arid: A man extracts salt from the desert in the Danakil Depression, where rain never falls and average annual temperatures creep towards 100F/ Reuters 11
  12. 12. African tradition: A camel herder and salt merchant clutches rope in the Danakil Depression, the unforgiving region at the heart of Ethiopia's ancient salt trade/ Reuters 12
  13. 13. Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 13
  14. 14. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 14
  15. 15. Danakil Desert, Ethiopia, Africa: An isolated village on the road of the camel caravans used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 15
  16. 16. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 16
  17. 17. Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the Danakil Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 17
  18. 18. Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the Danakil Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 18
  19. 19. Salt merchants rest for the night in a canyon during their journey to and from the Danakil Depression. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 19
  20. 20. Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 20
  21. 21. Camels in the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 21
  22. 22. Workers mining salt at the quarry. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 22
  23. 23. Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 23
  24. 24. Camel caravans are used for carrying salt through the Danakil desert in the Afar Triangle. (Ziv Koren/Polaris) 24
  25. 25. Danakil Depression: Once the merchants find a suitable place to mine, they extract, shape and pack as many salt slabs as possible before embarking on the two-day journey back to the town of Berahile/ Reuters 25
  26. 26. Lonely landscape: A camel caravan loaded with slabs of salt can be seen making its way back to civilisation from the Danakil Depression in the north of the African country/ Reuters 26
  27. 27. Arduous trek: Camel caravans and journeyed to and from the remote Ethiopian salt desert in this way for hundreds of years/ Reuters 27
  28. 28. Feeding time: Miners who have relied on camels to make the long journey to the salt desert for centuries fear a planned road making the region more accessible could threaten their ancient/ Reuters 28
  29. 29. Changing times: Camel caravans have been making the journey to the Danakil Depression for hundreds of years, but construction is now underway on a tarmac road through the desert basin/ Reuters 29
  30. 30. The Danakil Depression is one of the lowest points on Earth that is not covered in water. Geologists believe that in 10 million years, this searing desert will once again be submerged under water. 30
  31. 31. Unforgiving environment: A man walks along sulphur and mineral salt formations near Dallol inthe Danakil Depression, northern Ethiopia, where merchants have been travelling for centuries to collect salt from the vast desert basin 31
  32. 32. Other-worldly: Swirling sulphur and mineral salt formations can be seen in the Danakil Depression, one of the hottest and harshest environments on earth/ Reuters 32
  33. 33. Solitary trek: An armed Afar man steps on rocks as he crosses a river close to the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia/ Reuters 33
  34. 34. Years of journeys: Abu Ibrahim Mohammed, a retired salt merchant, was 15 years old when he first began trekking with caravans of camels to the desert basin in northern Ethiopia/ Reuters 34
  35. 35. Toiling in the heat: Miners extract salt before shaping and packing the slabs, loading up their camels and preparing for the long, slow trek across the vast desert basin back to the nearest town. / Reuters 35
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. The Afar use axes and long sticks to break the salt crust and lift up large slabs. Unfortunately, they were not doing it , they were cutting up the large slabs into market sized blocks. 37
  38. 38. Using homemade tools, they remove the mud layer and then carve the slab into a nice square block, of two or three relatively standard sizes. 38
  39. 39. A large block, once completed. It only takes a short time to make one, and they sell it for about 2 Birr ($0.10). Large camels will carry up to forty blocks, donkeys less than half. 39
  40. 40. Precious cargo: A young man heaves slabs of salt onto a truck in Berahile in Ethiopia, after the long journey from the Danakil Depression/ Reuters 40
  41. 41. Empty camels, ready to be loaded up with salt blocks. 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. Long journey: A worker loads a camel with slabs of salt in the Danakil Depression in northern Ethiopia, before making the long journey back across the desert basin/ Reuters 43
  44. 44. Pack animals: Camels walk in single file behind a salt merchant through the vast, barren landscape/ Reuters 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. Dry heat: Scores of camels form a caravan to trek across the barren landscape in the African desert 46
  47. 47. Water source: Young residents of Hamad-Ile pump water from a well in the Danakil Depression/ Reuters 47
  48. 48. Rest stop: Salt merchants are seen posing for a photograph after they stop to rest for the night in a canyon on their way back to town from the remote salt desert/ Reuters 48
  49. 49. Making camp: Merchants and their pack animals rest side by side as they journey back from extracting salt from the desert basin/ Reuters 49
  50. 50. Final destination: The lights of Berahile in Afar, where much of the economy revolves around the salt trade/ Reuters 50
  51. 51. Wares: Workers unload slabs of salt from their camels upon arrival in the town of Berahile, in Afar/ Reuters 51
  52. 52. Men prepare bars of salt to be sold in the main market of the city of Mekele, northern Ethiopia, in this April 24, 2013, file photo. 52
  53. 53. A man prepares bars of salt to be sold in the main market of the city of Mekele, northern Ethiopia. (Pic: Reuters) 53
  54. 54. Salt used to act as a form of currency in the region. Now, most people prefer cash. 54
  55. 55. 555/01/2014 王文堯 Kaohsiung Taiwan R.O.C All photos were taken from NG, Daily Mail,Yahoo New,Internet..etc. THE END
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