Design plan
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Design plan Design plan Presentation Transcript

  • Project of art class Be a teacher… http://www.ucnovel.com/leedew/story?p&BB_CATE ID : leedew / PW : dl10wn12
  • INDEX 01 Storyline 02 Why we choose art? 03 Background theories 04 Design plan
  • 01. Storyline
  • 01. Storyline Mr. kwon was sent to the one of rural elementary school, and became a teacher of 3 children. His predecessor gave him the book that contains learning theories of Skinner & Bandura.
  • 01. Storyline Using this book, Mr. kwon designed art class plan. This art class has 6 steps. Class started with motivation.
  • 01. Storyline In the situation of instructing, students learn something from not only teacher but also peers.
  • 01. Storyline And there are some efforts for learner to improve their self-efficacy.
  • 01. Storyline Finally, all learners can write their name with calligraphy. & Mr. Kwon was satisfied with class based on the strategy book.
  • 02. Why we choose art?
  • 02. Why we choose art? Subject : Art • Art is suitable for applying the components of Skinner’s program instruction (Active learner response, Immediate feedback). • Art is suitable for applying the components of Bandura’s observational learning process. • In learning Art learners experience “Modeling” many times.
  • 02. Why we choose art? Models of instruction : The direct method of art teaching • • This method is one of the art teaching method that appropriate to art domain of expression. We borrow this structure, and modify it to match our task’s purpose.
  • 03. Background theories
  • 03. Background theories Skinner's Programmed Instruction (Skinner, 1958) The components of Skinner's programmed Instruction include: • Behavioral objectives (Focus on objectives) • Small frames of instruction (Must be structured) • Self-pacing • Active learner response to inserted question • Immediate feedback (Teaching machine) And aside from this, • Rewards and punishments • Responsibility for student learning rests squarely with the teacher • Lecture-based, highly structured
  • 03. Background theories So, we are four steps in design of the programmed instruction • 1. To specify the goal of instruction: what is to be learned • 2. To identify the 'entry skills of the learners', i.e. what is the current level of skills of the learners (-> separated measure that is suitable each student needed) • 3. To develop a series of steps that will get the students form where they are to where they should be: instruction is programmed in small steps, i.e. successive approximations to the desired behavior (chaining) • 4. To provide appropriate reinforcement • 3 + 4 = shaping
  • 03. Background theories Bandura's The Observational Learning (Bandura, 1963) • • • Children see, children do. We learn behavior through observation Vicarious reinforcement: Learn through observing consequences of behaviors of others There are four steps, too. • 1. Attentional processes • 2. Retention processes (Modeled demonstrations) • 3. Production processes (modeling, reinforcement occur) • 4. Incentive and motivational processes But, modeling is differently occurring each student.
  • 03. Background theories Factors influencing modeling : impact tendency to imitate • 1. Characteristics of the models • 2. Characteristics of observers • 3. Reward consequences of behavior Among these factors, characteristics of observers include “Self-efficacy”. • Self-efficacy is including two aspects • : Self-reinforcement • / Belief in one’s ability This picture depicts three bi-directional arrows. Likewise, in reality overt behavior, personal factors, environment are associated each other.
  • 04. Design plan
  • 04. Design plan
  • 04. Design plan
  • 04. Design plan Teacher ask to learners at whenever a part of explanation is ended.
  • 04. Design plan Rewarding one student can motivate other students to work hard.
  • 04. Design plan
  • 04. Design plan Anticipated & Self Reinforcement
  • 04. Design plan There are some efforts for learner to improve their self-efficacy.
  • 04. Design plan Success experience by endless effort & teacher’s encouragement
  • 04. Design plan Finally, Mr. Kwon’s Art class is completed successfully. 
  • Q&A Any questions?
  • THANK YOU