This will be a fun and interactive learning practice session:Building a Story:The trainer/teacher starts by saying a sentence which has all the three artices, and then explains thefollowing: The concept is very simple where each trainee in the class needs to form sentences using all thethree artices and narrate his/her part of the whole story and then name the next trainee who will continuethe story from there, and hence forth we create a new story; the trainer/teacher will end this story playingby the same rules. So we have a new and interesting story.Larissa You can use a quiz. Divide students into teams and each of them must create questions andanswers with no articles. The opposing team must find the right places for the articles and answerthe questions. SummaryTo teach students how to identify articles - a, an and the. Students willlearn to use a before nouns beginning with a consonants and an beforenouns beginning with a vowel.Lesson Objectives• To show students the difference between using the articles - a and an.• Have children write the proper article before each noun.• Reinforce that articles point to a noun.Articles in English are very important, as we use them all the time. The three articles in English area, an, and the. Here are some basic rules for understanding how to use these articles:The is the definite article. It is used before singular or plural nouns that are specific or particular.Here are some examples:"The girl who lives next door to me is really cute." This refers to a particular girl: the girl who livesnext door."The president is a busy man." There is only one president, so we are referring to a specific nounhere."I love the books you gave me." Again, were talking about particular books, the ones you gave me.A/an are the indefinite articles. We use a/an before general, non-specific nouns or to indicatemembership in a group. A/an can only be used with countable, singular nouns. Here are someexamples of how to use a/an:
"Lets go see a movie tonight." Here we arent talking about a specific movie, as we havent saidwhich movie we want to see."Cassie is an interpreter." Here, Cassie belongs to a group: interpreters. We use "an" instead of "a"because "interpreter" begins with a vowell."I hope I get a car for my birthday." This refers to any car. We dont know which car yet becausewe havent gotten the car.Finally, all articles in English are invariable, meaning that they do not change if the noun is singularor plural, male or female. There are no other forms of the, an, or a.No article is used in generalisations : *I like music. *Caviar is expensive. Exceptions : *I watch television but I listen to the radio and I go to the cinema. *I dont play tennis but I play the piano, the guitar, etc. No article is used for place names (towns, countries, mountains): *London, Spain, Mount Everest except if plural : *The Greek Islands, The United States, The Alps!!!!!!!!!!!!!!The lesson presents the article definition and general rules for the use of definite andindefinite articles in the English language.The article is an auxiliary word in the English language. It is used before a noun and identifies it. Ifthere is one or several adjectives before a noun, then the article is placed before all adjectives.There are only three articles: „a‟, „an‟ and „the‟ - in the English language.There are two types of articles: indefinite article - „a„ and „an„ definite article - „the„It‟s important to know when the article is not used.The indefinite article “a/an” originates from the word “one” and is therefore used only withcountable singular nouns. It is used in case you speak of a certain object for the first time, or whensomebody doesn‟t know what you are talking about. It is also used to point out the fact that theobject belongs to a certain type of objects.The definite article “the” originates from the word “this” and is used with different nouns. It isused with objects or concepts that are already familiar to everybody.Articles usually refer to a noun, but if there are attributes in front of a noun then the article precedesall attributes.The article may be replaced by a pronoun: Definite article - with demonstrative pronouns: this, that Indefinite article - with pronoun: some
The table shows the general use of English articles:: singular – countable plural of countable nouns, non- nouns countable nouns before a consonant a no articleindefinite sound before a vowel sound an no article definite the theExample:a pen - (any) penthe pen - (some) penThe youngest boy brought books and an apple.There is the definite article before the “youngest boy” in this example, because the listener knowsabout the boy in question. “Books” and “an apple” are mentioned for the first time; therefore theyare used with an indefinite article. With the “books” in plural the indefinite article is not used.Many advanced students still have problems with articles, so if this is hard (difficult) for you, watchand learn!Lesson: The Definite and IndefiniteArticleMaterials: Power point, board gameAudience: Intermediate +Procedure:A.MotivationThe teacher will ask the students to encircle the word “a” and box the word “the” inthe paragraph and the word it modifies.I am from Seattle, Washington. Seattle is a city intheUnited States. It is near the border of Canada in the northwest corner of the USA. I live inatown called Olympia which is on thePuget Sound. I live in a house in a street in the countryside.The street is called "Bear Street"and the house is old - more than 100 years old! I am an Englishteacher at a school in the center of the town. I like books and taking photographs. I usually havelunch at school. I usually gohome by car. We have all kinds of food in Olympia. I like Italian food
very much. Sometimes, Igo to an Italian restaurant in Seattle. The restaurant is called "Luigis".Italian food is great!B. Lesson Proper The teacher will discuss about the definite and indefinitearticle.a = indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects)withconsonantsShe has a dog. I work in a factory.•an = indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) withvowels(a,e,i,o,u)Can I have an apple?She is an English teacher.•the = definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know)The car over there is fast.The teacher is very good, isnt he?•The first time you speak of something use "a or an", the next time you repeat that objectuse "the". I live in a house. The house is quite old and has four bedrooms. I ate in a Chinese restaurant. Therestaurant was very good.•DO NOT use an article with countries, states, counties or provinces, lakes andmountains exceptwhen the country is a collection of states such as "The United States". He lives in Washington near Mount Rainier.They live in northern British Columbia.•Use an article with bodies of water, oceans and seas -My country borders on the Pacific Ocean•DO NOT use an article when you are speaking about things in general I like Russian tea.She likes reading books.•DO NOT use an article when you are speaking about meals, places, and transport He has breakfast at home. I go to university. He comes to work by taxi.C. ActivityThe teacher will have a game with the students.Directions:Move your token along the board 1 square at a time. Write the sentence on aseparate piece of paper.If you get the sentence right, you can stay on that space. If it iswrong, you will go back to theprevious space.D. Evaluation:The teacher give an exercise of definite and indefinite articles to thestudents.Underline the correct answer.1. Are you shopping fora/an/ the /no article neededhealth club to join so youcan get in shape?2. Shop wisely! You could end up choosinga/ an/ the/no article neededwrong cluband losing more money than pounds.3. You may find out too late thata/ an/ the/ no article neededhealth clubs arentfor you.
4.a/ an/ the/ no article neededSan Diego fitness experts recommendthoroughly checking out several health clubs before you joinone.5. First, know what you want and need ina/ an/ the/ no article neededfitnessfacility, and dont pay for what youll never use.6. If you only want exercise classes,a/ an/ the/ no article neededexercise studiowithout weight machines and locker rooms may work for you.7. If youre looking fora/ an/ the/ no article neededplace to only dobodybuilding, youll be happy in a basic gym.8. You may be ina/ an/ the/ no article neededmarket for a full-service healthclub; then, make sure it offers lots of activities.9. Look for a place near your house, and check outa/ an/ the/no article neededexercise instructors and personal trainers.10. They should be educated in physical education or certified bya/ an/ the/ noarticle neededorganization such as the American Council on exercise. Reference:Freeman D. (2004). Essential Linguistics: Teaching Reading, ESL, Spelling, Phonics, and Grammar.Washington D.C.: Heinemann Publishing.Answer Key:B. Motivationthe united statesthe boarder the northwest corner a townthe PugetSounda housea streetthe countrysidethe streetthe housean English teacher a schoolthe center anItalian restaurantthe restaurantC. Activity1.a2 . t h e , t h e , t h e 3 . a ,a 4 . t h e , a 5 . t h e 6 . a n 7 . a , a 8 . t h e ,t h e 9 . t h e , t h e 1 0 . a , a 1 1 . t h e 1 2 . a 13.an, an14.the, the1 5 . t h eD . E v a l u a t i o n : 1. the2. the3. no article needed4. the5. a6. the7. a8. a9. the10. an