Poetry is a form of literary art in
which language is used for its
aesthetic and evocative qualities in
addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent
• Poetry is language that tells us, through a
more or less emotional reaction,
something that can not be said.
» Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935)
• Poetry is the utterance of a passion of
truth, beauty, and power, embodying and
illustrating its conceptions by imagination
and fancy, and modulating its language on
the principle of variety in uniformity.
» Leigh Hunt (1784-1853)
Types of Poetry
Rhymed verse is the most commonly used form of
verse and generally has a discernable meter and
an end rhyme.
I felt a cleavage in my mind
As if my brain had split;
I tried to match it, seam by seam,
But could not make them fit.
The thought behind I strove to join
Unto the thought before,
But sequence ravelled out of reach
Like balls upon a floor.
Blank verse is generally identified by a regular
meter, but no end rhyme.
In Mathematics, Woman leads the way:
The narrow-minded pedant still believes
That two and two make four! Why, we can
We women-household drudges as we are-
That two and two make five-or three-or seven;
Or five-and-twenty, if the case demands!
-from Princess Ida
• Free verse
Free verse is usually defined as having no
fixed meter and no end rhyme. Although
free verse may include end rhyme, it
commonly does not.
Whirl up, sea--
Whirl your pointed pines,
Splash your great pines
On our rocks,
Hurl your green over us,
Cover us with your pools of fir.
• Lyric poetry is a form of poetry with rhyming
schemes that express personal and emotional
feelings. Aristotle mentions lyric poetry along
with drama, epic poetry, dancing, painting and
other forms of mimesis. The lyric poem, dating
from the Romantic era, does have some
thematic antecedents in ancient Greek and
Roman verse, but the ancient definition was
based on metrical criteria, and in archaic and
classical Greek culture presupposed live
performance accompanied by a stringed
• The sonnet is one of several forms of lyric
poetry originating in Europe. it had come to
signify a poem of fourteen lines that follows a
strict rhyme scheme and specific structure.
• One of the best-known sonnet writers is William
Shakespeare, who wrote 154 of them (not
including those that appear in his plays). A
Shakespearean, or English, sonnet consists of
14 lines, each line containing ten syllables and
written in iambic pentameter, in which a pattern
of an unemphasized syllable followed by an
emphasized syllable is repeated five times. The
rhyme scheme in a Shakespearean sonnet is a-
b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g; the last two lines are
a rhyming couplet.
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? (a)
Thou art more lovely and more temperate: (b)
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of may, (a)
And summer’s lease has all too short a date: (b)
Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, (c)
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d: (d)
And every fair from fair sometime declines, (c)
By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimm’d. (d)
But thy eternal summer shall not fade (e)
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; (f)
Nor shall death brag thou wanderest in his shade, (e)
When in eternal lines to time thou growest: (f)
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, (g)
So long live this, and this gives life to thee. (g)
• A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to
music. Ballads are written in ballad stanzas or quatrains
(four-line stanzas) of alternating lines of iambic (an
unstressed followed by a stressed syllable) tetrameter
(eight syllables) and iambic trimeter (six syllables),
known as ballad meter. Usually, only the second and
fourth line of a quatrain are rhymed (in the scheme a, b,
c, b), which has been taken to suggest that, originally,
ballads consisted of couplets (two lines) of rhymed
verse, each of fourteen syllables. As can be seen in
this stanza from ‘Lord Thomas and Fair Annet’:
• The horse| fair Ann|et rode| upon|
He amb|led like| the wind|,
With sil|ver he| was shod| before,
With burn|ing gold| behind|.
Associate Professor Surapipan Chantraporn.
1996. Poetry: anintroductory study.
Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University
Members of Group
• 1. Sofia Wong arirak 5220117015
• 2. Nasuha Kaseng 5220117032
• 3. Khadiyah Daseng 5220117143
• 4. Suhaida Salaemae