Stem Changing Verbs in the Present TensePresentation Transcript
Stem-changing verbs are different from regular verbs because when you conjugate these verbs, not only do you change the endings but you also change the stem (except for the nosotros form) .
A verb has two parts - the stem and the ending .
For example: perder (to lose)
Perd + er
In verbs that have an e to ie change, when you conjugate the verb, you change the ‘ e ’ in the stem to ‘ ie ’ in all forms except the nosotros form .
c e rrar – to close
com e nzar – to begin
emp e zar – to begin
p e nsar – to think
Examples of e ie Stem-Changing verbs in the present tense:
ent e nder – to understand
p e rder – to lose
qu e rer – to want
pref e rir – to prefer
ref e rir – to refer
s e ntir – to feel, to regret
Tener (to have) and Venir (to come) are also e-ie stem-changing verbs but these verbs have an irregular ‘yo’ form. TENER – to have Yo tengo Nosotros tenemos Tú tienes Él Ella tiene Usted Ellos Ellas tienen Ustedes VENIR – to come Yo vengo Nosotros venimos Tú vienes Él Ella viene Usted Ellos Ellas vienen Ustedes
In verbs that have an o to ue change, when you conjugate the verb, you change the ‘ o ’ in the stem to ‘ ue ’ in all forms except the nosotros form .
c o ntar– to count
enc o ntrar – to meet to find
c o lgar – to hang
c o star – to cost
Examples of o ue Stem-Changing verbs in the present tense:
p o der – to be able to
v o lver – to return
ll o ver – to rain
d o rmir – to sleep
In the verb, J u gar (to play) the stem-change is u - ue . Jugar – to play Yo juego Nosotros jugamos Tú juegas Él Ella juega Usted Ellos Ellas juegan Ustedes
In verbs that have an e to i change, when you conjugate the verb, you change the ‘ e ’ in the stem to ‘ i ’ in all forms except the nosotros form .
p e dir – to ask for, to order
rep e tir – to repeat
s e rvir – to serve
s e guir – to follow, to continue
cons e guir – to get
Examples of e i Stem-Changing verbs in the present tense:
The verbs Seguir (to follow, to continue) and Conseguir (to get) are e-i stem-changing verbs but these verbs have an irregular ‘yo’ form. You drop the letter ‘u’ in the Yo form. SEGUIR – to follow, to continue Yo sigo Nosotros seguimos Tú sigues Él Ella sigue Usted Ellos Ellas siguen Ustedes CONSEGUIR – to get Yo consigo Nosotros conseguimos Tú consigues Él Ella consigue Usted Ellos Ellas consiguen Ustedes