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Los verbos reflexivos
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Los verbos reflexivos

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Los verbos reflexivos Los verbos reflexivos Presentation Transcript

  • Reflexive Verbs
  • When you use reflexive verbs, the subject does the action and also receives it. Example of a Reflexive action: I brush my teeth. This means I brush my teeth myself. It is an action that I am doing to myself. If the sentence is I brush my dog , it is not a reflexive action because I am not receiving the action, the dog is receiving it.
  • María brushes her hair She is brushing her own hair, so it is a reflexive action. Marta brushes Ana ’s hair She is not brushing her own hair. She is brushing Ana ’s hair, so it is not a reflexive action.
  • All reflexive verbs in Spanish have ‘se’ attached to it. This helps you identify if the verb is reflexive or not.
    • Some examples of reflexive verbs:
      • afeitarse – to shave oneself
      • ducharse – to shower oneself
      • cepillarse – to brush oneself
      • lavarse – to wash oneself
  • Let ’s review some of the reflexive verbs
  • (e-ie)
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  • (o-ue)
  • (o-ue)
  • (e-ie)
  • To use the reflexive verbs, it is important to know the reflexive pronouns. ( herself ) ( himself ) ( yourself ) polite ( yourself ) ( myself ) (ourselves) ( yourselves) ( themselves ) masc. ( themselves ) fem.
  • To conjugate the reflexive verbs, you place the reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb. For example: llamarse (to call oneself)
  • Cepillarse – to brush oneself Yo me cepillo Nosotros nos cepillamos Tú te cepillas Él Ella se cepilla Usted Ellos Ellas se cepillan Ustedes Maquillarse – to put on make up on oneself Yo me maquillo Nosotros nos maquillamos Tú te maquillas Él Ella se maquilla Usted Ellos Ellas se maquillan Ustedes
  • Let ’s see some sentences:
    • I brush my teeth every day.
    • Yo me cepill o los dientes todos los días.
    • Do you wake up early?
    • ¿ Tú te despiert as temprano?
    • Pablo shaves in the morning.
    • Pablo se afeit a por la mañana.
    • We sit down.
    • Nosotros nos sent amos .
    • You all go to bed late.
    • Ustedes se acuest an tarde.
  • How to use the reflexive pronouns with verbs like necesitar , querer , deber , pensar , tener que , ir a , etc.
    • When you use reflexive verbs, you must make sure that you remove the ‘se’ from the verb and replace it with the correct reflexive pronoun.
    • The reflexive pronoun must match the subject.
    • For example:
    • I need to brush my teeth.
    • Yo necesito cepillar me los dientes.
  • Let ’s see some more examples:
    • We must wake up early everyday.
    • Nosotros debemos despertar nos temprano.
    • Are you going to take a shower now?
    • ¿ Tú vas a duchar te ahora?
    • I want to put on makeup today.
    • Yo quiero maquillar me hoy.
    • Pedro plans on shaving afterwards.
    • Pedro piensa afeitar se después.
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