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El pretérito
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El pretérito

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  • 1. Los verbos regulares en el pretérito
  • 2. Some regular –ar verbs in the preterite tense.
    • acampar – to camp
    • aceptar – to accept
    • arreglar – to arrange
    • ayudar – to help
    • bailar – to dance
    • bajar – to go down
    • bucear – to scuba dive
    • caminar – to walk
    • cocinar – to cook
    • completar – to complete
    • comprar – to buy
    • cantar – to sing
    • celebrar – to celebrate
    • cenar – to eat dinner
    • cerrar – to close
    • contestar – to answer
    • continuar – to continue
    • cortar – to cut
    • cuidar – to take care
    • dejar – to leave
    • desayunar – to eat breakfast
    • mejorar – to improve
    • mirar – to look at, to watch
    • nadar – to swim
    • necesitar – to need
    • olvidar – to forget
    • pasar – to pass, to spend time
    • patinar – to skate
    • pintar – to paint
    • practicar – to practice
    • preguntar – to ask, to question
    • preparar – to prepare
    • quitar – to remove
    • recomendar – to recommend
    • regresar – to return
    • terminar – to end
    • tomar – to take, to drink
    • trabajar – to work
    • usar – use
    • viajar – to travel
    • visitar – to visit
    descansar – to relax dibujar – to draw disfrutar – to enjoy durar – to last enviar – to send escuchar – to listen to esperar – to wait, to hope esquiar – to ski estudiar – to study explicar – to explain gritar – to scream, to yell ganar – to win, to earn hablar – to speak, to talk invitar – to invite lavar – to wash limpiar – to clean llamar – to call llevar – to wear, to carry
  • 3. Let’s review the pronouns. Yo I Nosotros We Tú You (informal) Él He Ella She Usted You (formal) Ellos They (m.) Ellas They (f.) Ustedes You all
  • 4. REGULAR VERBS THAT END IN –AR To conjugate the regular verbs that end in –ar in the preterite tense, you must remove the –ar ending and replace it with the following endings. Yo - é Nosotros - amos Tú - aste Él Ella - ó Usted Ellos Ellas - aron Ustedes
  • 5. Here is an example: Let’s conjugate the verb Hablar (to speak, to talk) You should remove the –ar ending from the verb Habl ar and add the correct ending for each subject. Yo habl é (I spoke) Nosotros habl amos (We spoke) Tú habl aste (You spoke) Él (He spoke) Ella habl ó (She spoke ) Usted (You spoke -formal) Ellos (They spoke) Ellas habl aron (They spoke) Ustedes (You all spoke)
  • 6. -ar Verbs that end in –car, -gar and –zar These verbs have an irregular ‘yo’ form.
    • -car : Change the c to qu
      • Ejemplo: practicar – yo practiqu é (I practiced)
    • -gar : Change the g to gu
      • Ejemplo: jugar – yo jugu é (I played)
    • -zar : Change the z to c
      • Ejemplo: empezar – yo empec é (I began)
  • 7. Some –ar verbs that end in –car, –gar and –zar
    • Verbs that end in –car
    • buscar – to look for
    • marcar – to dial
    • practicar – to practice
    • sacar – to take out
    • tocar – to play (an instrument )
    Verbs that end in –gar jugar – to play llegar – to arrive pagar – to pay Verbs that end in –zar almorzar – to eat lunch cruzar – to cross empezar – to begin oganizar – to organize
  • 8. REGULAR VERBS THAT END IN –ER AND –IR
    • Both –er and –ir verbs have the same endings in the preterite tense.
    • To conjugate the regular verbs that end in –er and –ir in the preterite tense, you must remove the –er or –ir ending and replace it with the following endings:
    Yo - í Nosotros - imos Tú - iste Él Ella - ió Usted Ellos Ellas - ieron Ustedes
  • 9. Some regular –er verbs in the preterite tense.
    • aprender – to learn
    • beber – to drink
    • comer – to eat
    • comprender – to understand
    • correr – to run
    • defender – to defend
    • entender – to understand
    • nacer – to be born
    • perder – to lose
    • responder – to answer
    • romper – to break
    • vender – to sell
  • 10. Here is an example: Let’s conjugate the verb Comer (to eat) You should remove the –er ending from the verb Com er and add the correct ending for each subject. Yo com í (I ate) Nosotros com imos (We ate) Tú com iste (You ate) Él (He ate) Ella com ió (She ate ) Usted (You ate -formal) Ellos (They ate) Ellas com ieron (They ate) Ustedes (You all ate)
  • 11. Some regular –ir verbs in the preterite tense.
    • abrir – to open
    • añadir – to add
    • asistir – to attend
    • compartir – to share
    • describir – to describe
    • descubrir – to discover
    • escribir – to write
    • partir – to leave
    • permitir – to allow
    • recibir – to receive
    • salir – to go out, to leave
    • subir – to go up
    • vivir – to live
  • 12. Here is an example: Let’s conjugate the verb Escribir (to write) You should remove the –ir ending from the verb Escrib ir and add the correct ending for each subject. Yo escrib í (I wrote) Nosotros escrib imos (We wrote) Tú escrib iste (You wrote) Él (He wrote) Ella escrib ió (She wrote ) Usted (You wrote -formal) Ellos (They wrote) Ellas escrib ieron (They wrote) Ustedes (You all wrote)
  • 13. Let’s conjugate some more regular verbs in the preterite tense. Cantar – to sing canté cantamos cantaste cantó cantaron Preparar – to prepare preparé preparamos preparaste preparó pepararon Correr – to run corrí corrimos corriste corrió corrieron Recibir – to receive recibí recibimos recibiste recibió recibieron
  • 14. Actividad 1. Translate the following sentences.
    • I received a gift last week.
    • Yo recibí un regalo la semana pasada.
    • The boys studied a lot last night.
    • Los chicos estudiaron mucho anoche.
    • My mother prepared paella yesterday.
    • Mi mamá preparó paella ayer.
    • You wrote a letter the day before yesterday.
    • Tú escribiste una carta anteayer.

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