0
Teaching Language Online:  Balancing An Understanding of the Online Learner with Course Design Professor Carolin McManus C...
Who are our online or distance learners?
What is the motivation for selecting an online course? <ul><li>Necessity or freedom of scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>(work,...
SLA: Second Language Acquisition <ul><li>Learning a language other than your mother tongue (L1) requires years of intense ...
The ideal learning environment <ul><li>Immersion in the society and culture of the target language is the most efficient S...
Can technology fill the gap? <ul><li>In the last 5-10 years we’ve enjoyed a mushrooming of computer technology that we can...
Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is already showing promise <ul><ul><li>asynchronous exchanges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Synchronous CMC creates a community of inclusivity <ul><ul><li>chats (synchronous written communication) </li></ul></ul><u...
CMC and best practice <ul><li>American Council of Teachers of Foreign Language (ACTFL) Standards: The Five Cs </li></ul>
<ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate in Languages Other Than English </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communicat...
Cultures and Connections <ul><li>Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures </li></ul><...
Comparisons and Communities <ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture ...
CMC and best practice <ul><li>Goals of CMC exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>negotiating meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Challenges for language teachers <ul><li>“ Egbert, Paulus, and Kakamichi (2002) observe that language teachers frequently ...
Despite the challenges, the effectiveness of CALL is backed up by the SLA literature
What does the future bring? <ul><li>From CALL to MALL   </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Assisted Language Learning </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Teaching Language Online: Balancing An Understanding of the Online Learner with Course Design Mc Manus

856

Published on

American Council of Teachers of Foreign Language (ACTFL) Standards: The Five Cs
combined with community college effort to create a community of inclusivity.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
856
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Give each participant a card with
  • Transcript of "Teaching Language Online: Balancing An Understanding of the Online Learner with Course Design Mc Manus"

    1. 1. Teaching Language Online: Balancing An Understanding of the Online Learner with Course Design Professor Carolin McManus College of Southern Maryland Leonardtown campus
    2. 2. Who are our online or distance learners?
    3. 3. What is the motivation for selecting an online course? <ul><li>Necessity or freedom of scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>(work, childcare, transportation, studying from a remote location) </li></ul><ul><li>Control over the pacing of the material (speed through familiar material, spend extra time on difficult concepts) </li></ul><ul><li>Gravitation toward a perceived short-cut. Online courses are perceived as having less time commitment and as being less difficult than traditional courses </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of less commonly taught languages </li></ul>
    4. 4. SLA: Second Language Acquisition <ul><li>Learning a language other than your mother tongue (L1) requires years of intense study </li></ul><ul><li>The Foreign Service Institute estimates that it takes 700-1,320 hours of full-time instruction to reach a level of high fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Most college students spend 140-150 hours per academic year studying a second language </li></ul><ul><li>Not only is the exposure to the target language at issue, but quality of input is also a variable </li></ul>
    5. 5. The ideal learning environment <ul><li>Immersion in the society and culture of the target language is the most efficient SLA method. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also the most expensive and disruptive to family life. </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 3% of college students go abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>CSM's travel study offerings </li></ul>
    6. 6. Can technology fill the gap? <ul><li>In the last 5-10 years we’ve enjoyed a mushrooming of computer technology that we can harness to begin to fill the gap </li></ul><ul><li>-audio components linked to comprehension exercises, such as those found on Vistas Supersite </li></ul><ul><li>-video components with interactive transcripts </li></ul><ul><li>-two-way (asynchronous or synchronous) voice recording </li></ul><ul><li>-voice recognition software </li></ul><ul><li>-network-based communication (e-mail, user groups, chat programs, blogs, wikis) </li></ul><ul><li>-the web: (sixty-eight percent of the postings on the web are non-English pages, YouTube audio/visual, e.g, a cartoon in the target language) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is already showing promise <ul><ul><li>asynchronous exchanges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>written exercises </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>recorded exercise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>blogs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wikis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-synchronous exchanges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>written, recorded, and visual exchanges, parts of which can be archived </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Synchronous CMC creates a community of inclusivity <ul><ul><li>chats (synchronous written communication) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mode is comfortable for entering students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>students write more (but with less linguistic accuracy) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>task-based activities can be used (recommended) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>voice boards (can be archived), e.g., Wimba tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bimodal (sound and chat) Breeze ($) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trimodal (sound and visual and text) Skype (cannot be archived) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>implications for international, cross-cultural exchange, such as the MIT's Cultura Project </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. CMC and best practice <ul><li>American Council of Teachers of Foreign Language (ACTFL) Standards: The Five Cs </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate in Languages Other Than English </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communication Std 1.1: Students engage in conversations, provide and obtain information, express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communication Std 1.2: Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communication Std 1.3: Students present information, concepts, and ideas to an audience of listeners or readers on a variety of topics. </li></ul>Communication
    11. 11. Cultures and Connections <ul><li>Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Cultures Std 2.1: Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the practices and perspectives of the culture studied. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Cultures Std 2.2: Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the products and perspectives of the culture studied. </li></ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Connect with Other Disciplines and Acquire Information </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Connections Std 3.1: Students reinforce and further their knowledge of other disciplines through the foreign language. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Connections Std 3.2: Students acquire information and recognize the distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the foreign language and its cultures. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Comparisons and Communities <ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Comparisons Std 4.1: Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of the language studied and their own. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Comparisons Std 4.2: Students demonstrate understanding of the concept of culture through comparisons of the cultures studied and their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in Multilingual Communities at Home & Around the World </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communities Std 5.1: Students use the language both within and beyond the school setting. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTFL 5Cs Communities Std 5.2: Students show evidence of becoming life-long learners by using the language for personal enjoyment and enrichment. </li></ul>
    13. 13. CMC and best practice <ul><li>Goals of CMC exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>negotiating meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>working collaboratively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>noticing gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>directing the discourse to their own learning needs (student driven) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allowing intercultural reflection </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Challenges for language teachers <ul><li>“ Egbert, Paulus, and Kakamichi (2002) observe that language teachers frequently incorporate into the curriculum only those technologies that they use outside of the school environment in their personal lives, despite whatever pre-service or in-service training courses they have received on CALL [computer-assisted language learning]. </li></ul><ul><li>The tendency is to gravitate toward new technology that fits current practices rather than transforming practice through the application of new technology.” (Blake 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Technology is constantly changing </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating new practices is time consuming and labor intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the training is self-directed </li></ul><ul><li>Trial and error </li></ul>
    15. 15. Despite the challenges, the effectiveness of CALL is backed up by the SLA literature
    16. 16. What does the future bring? <ul><li>From CALL to MALL </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Assisted Language Learning </li></ul><ul><li>iPod </li></ul><ul><li>cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>PDA </li></ul><ul><li>microcomputer </li></ul>
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×