Polymers in medicine post

3,505 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,505
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
185
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Polymers in medicine post

  1. 1. Polymers in Medicine Dr. Clower
  2. 2. Polymers <ul><li>Natural vs. synthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Industries </li></ul><ul><li>What is a polymer? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monomer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dimer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oligomer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polymer </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Structure <ul><li>Linear </li></ul><ul><li>Branched </li></ul><ul><li>Crosslinked </li></ul><ul><li>Dendrimers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Properties <ul><li>Size and structure </li></ul><ul><li>Density </li></ul><ul><li>Crystallinity </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Naming <ul><li>Simple polymers: </li></ul>
  6. 6. Copolymers <ul><li>Alternating </li></ul><ul><li>Block </li></ul><ul><li>Graft </li></ul><ul><li>Random </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Hexanedioic acid (adipic acid) + 1,6-hexanediamine (hexamethylenediamine) </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon 6,6 </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon 6 </li></ul>Nylons
  8. 8. Kevlar
  9. 9. Polyesters <ul><li>Poly (ethylene terephthalate) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Polyurethanes <ul><li>Spandex </li></ul><ul><li>Other polyurethanes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Polycarbonates <ul><li>Lexan </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other polymers of note… <ul><li>PTFE </li></ul><ul><li>1,1-DCE </li></ul><ul><li>PMMA </li></ul><ul><li>PEA </li></ul><ul><li>Cyanoacrylates </li></ul><ul><li>PP </li></ul>
  13. 13. Polymerizations <ul><li>Step-growth/condensation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Polymerizations <ul><li>Chain/addition </li></ul>
  15. 15. Polymers in medicine <ul><li>Choosing a polymer </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>Biodegradability </li></ul><ul><li>Other factors </li></ul>
  16. 16. Biodegradable polymers <ul><li>Degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Sutures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyglycolide (PGA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polylactide (PLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copolymers </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Other medicinal uses… <ul><li>LDPE </li></ul><ul><li>PP </li></ul><ul><li>PTFE </li></ul><ul><li>PMMA </li></ul><ul><li>Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other medicinal uses… <ul><li>Polyamides/Nylons </li></ul><ul><li>PETE </li></ul><ul><li>PLA/PGA </li></ul><ul><li>Poly(dimethylsiloxane) </li></ul><ul><li>Poly(ether urethanes) </li></ul><ul><li>PVC </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Drug-polymer conjugate </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neurospine.com/brain_gliadel.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.moffitt.usf.edu/pubs/ccj/v5n2/article4.html </li></ul>Drug delivery Drug linker polymer

×