Definition: StressManagementStrategies put in placeeither by professionals orindividuals to reduce stresslevels. Dealing withstressPsychologicalStress inoculationtrainingPhysiologicalAnti-anxiety drugs& beta-blockers
Anti-Anxiety drugsYou knowthesealready!Benzodiazepinese.g. Librium, Valium•Slows down the activity of theCNS•Works on GABAEnhances activity of GABA (natural sedative), quietening effect on bodyBZ’s bind to special sites on the GABA receptor – boosting the activity ofGABABZ’s reduce increased serotonin levels
Beta-BlockersStressincreasesarousal ofSNSBeta-blockers aim to reducethe activity of adrenalineand noradrenalinBind to receptors on the heart & other parts of the bodyBlock the receptors – making it harder to stimulate the cells = reduced HRBP falls, person feels calmer and less anxious
Drug treatments – A02P• Drug treatments are effectiveE• Kahn et al (1986) found that BZ’s are significantlysuperior to placebos in treating symptoms of anxiety –caused by stressE• This suggests that drug treatments are an effectiveway of treating the negative effects of stress thatindividual experience in everyday lifeE• This is a strength because as physiological/biologicaltreatments of stress can be just as effective aspsychological treatments
Drug treatments – A02P• Drug treatments have negative side effectsE• e.g. Patients taking medication for stress havereported drowsiness, tiredness, dry mouth, blurredvision, irregular heartbeatE• This means that drug treatments may have a numberof unintended effects on patients and may actuallycause them more harm than goodE• This is a weakness because it can be seen that othertreatments may be more effective at elevating thenegative symptoms of stress
Drug treatments – A02P• Drugs treatments can be criticised for treatingthe symptoms not the causeE• e.g. Drug treatments will only remove the negativesymptoms associated with stress – they do not help theindividual deal with the stressorE• This means that although drug treatments will temporarily removenegative symptoms, the symptoms will return once the drug wears offbecause the stressor is probably still presentE• This is a weakness because in cases of chronic stress it may not beappropriate to put a temporary ‘bandage’ on the problem, so it maybe preferable to seek a treatment to deal with the problem.