PSYA2 June 2011

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PSYA2 June 2011

  1. 1. Centre Number Candidate Number For Examiner’s UseSurnameOther Names Examiner’s InitialsCandidate Signature Question Mark General Certificate of Education 1 Advanced Subsidiary Examination June 2011 2 3Psychology (Specification A) PSYA2 4Unit 2 Biological Psychology, Social Psychology 5 and Individual Differences 6Tuesday 7 June 2011 1.30 pm to 3.00 pm 7 8 You will need no other materials. 9Time allowed 1 hour 30 minutes 10 11Instructions Use black ink or black ball-point pen. 12 Fill in the boxes at the top of this page. Answer all questions. 13 You must answer the questions in the spaces provided. Do not write outside the box around each page or on blank pages. TOTAL Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked.Information The marks for questions are shown in brackets. The maximum mark for this paper is 72. Question 6 should be answered in continuous prose. You may use the space provided to plan your answer. In Question 6, you will be assessed on your ability to: – use good English – organise information clearly – use specialist vocabulary where appropriate.(JUn11psyA201) G/T66813 6/6/6/ PSYA2
  2. 2. 2 Do not write outside the box Section A Biological Psychology Answer all questions in the spaces provided. Total for this question: 4 marks1 The body’s response to stress includes the pituitary-adrenal system and the sympathomedullary pathway. The following are all features of this stress response. A Adrenal medulla B Noradrenaline C Adrenal cortex D Adrenaline E Cortisol/Corticosteroids F Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) Select two from the above list that are linked to the pituitary-adrenal system and two from the list that are linked to the sympathomedullary pathway. Put one letter in each box. Pituitary-adrenal system Sympathomedullary pathway (4 marks) ____ 4(02) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  3. 3. 3 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 4 marks2 Psychologists sometimes use questionnaires to find out about stress. Explain two strengths of using questionnaires in research. Strength one ..................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ Strength two ..................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (2 marks + 2 marks) ____ 4 Turn over for the next question Turn over (03) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  4. 4. 4 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 5 marks3 Describe one or more studies of workplace stress. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (5 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 5(04) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  5. 5. 5 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 5 marks4 Mark is very competitive and he hates losing any game he plays. At work, he is often impatient and likes working to tight deadlines. He can become quite hostile when challenged.4 (a) What personality type is Mark likely to have? ............................................................................................................................................ (1 mark)4 (b) Using your knowledge of how personality factors can affect the body’s response to stress, explain how Mark might respond to the effects of stress. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (4 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 5 Turn over for the next question Turn over (05) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  6. 6. 6 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 6 marks5 (a) Name one psychological method of stress management. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (1 mark)5 (b) Explain strengths of this psychological method of stress management. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (5 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 6(06) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  7. 7. 7 Do not write outside the box Section B Social Psychology Answer all questions in the spaces provided. Total for this question: 12 marks6 “Not everyone conforms or obeys authority; some people resist these pressures and remain independent.” Outline and evaluate research relating to independent behaviour. You may use this space to plan your answer ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ Turn over (07) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  8. 8. 8 Do not write outside the box ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (12 marks)(08) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  9. 9. 9 Do not write outside the box Extra space for Question 6 ................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 12 Turn over (09) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  10. 10. 10 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 4 marks7 (a) Explain why it is sometimes necessary to deceive participants in social influence research. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (2 marks)7 (b) Describe one way in which deception has been dealt with in social influence research. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (2 marks) ____ 4(10) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  11. 11. 11 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 4 marks8 Jan and Norah have just finished their first year at university where they lived in a house with six other students. All the other students were very health conscious and ate only organic food. Jan had listened to their point of view and now she also eats only organic food. Norah was happy to eat organic food while in the house, but when she went home for the holidays she ate whatever her mother cooked. Both girls conformed, but for different reasons. Explain which type of conformity each girl was showing. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (4 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 4 Turn over for the next question Turn over (11) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  12. 12. 12 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 4 marks9 Outline two explanations of why people obey. Explanation One .............................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ Explanation Two .............................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (2 marks + 2 marks) ____ 4(12) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  13. 13. 13 Do not write outside the box Section C Individual Differences Answer all questions in the spaces provided. Total for this question: 4 marks10 Two different drug therapies were tested on a group of patients. All the patients suffered with the same anxiety disorder. Half the patients were given Therapy A and the other half were given Therapy B. Improvement was assessed on a scale from 0 – 25, where 0 = no improvement. The table below shows the improvement made between the start and the end of the treatment. Average and range of improvement scores Average Range Therapy A 6.5 2 – 19 Therapy B 6 4–9 Explain what these findings suggest about the different therapies? ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (4 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 4 Turn over (13) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  14. 14. 14 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 6 marks11 Diane is a 30-year-old business woman and if she does not get her own way she sometimes has a temper tantrum. Recently, she attended her grandmother’s funeral and laughed during the prayers. When she talks to people she often stands very close to them, making them feel uncomfortable.11 (a) Identify one definition of abnormality that could describe Diane’s behaviour. Explain your choice. Definition .......................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................ Explanation of your choice ............................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (1 mark + 2 marks)11 (b) Explain one limitation of this way of defining abnormal behaviour. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (3 marks) ____ 6(14) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  15. 15. 15 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 6 marks12 There are various types of psychological therapy for treating abnormality.12 (a) Outline what is involved in psychoanalysis. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (3 marks)12 (b) Outline what is involved in systematic de-sensitisation. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (3 marks) ____ 6 Turn over for the next question Turn over (15) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2
  16. 16. 16 Do not write outside the box Total for this question: 8 marks13 Outline and evaluate the biological approach to psychopathology. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ (8 marks) Extra space ........................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ____ ............................................................................................................................................ 8 END OF QUESTIONSCopyright © 2011 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.(16) G/T66813/Jun11/PSYA2

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