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16       There are no questions printed on this page         DO NOT WRITE ON THIS PAGE       ANSWER IN THE SPACES PROVIDED...
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PSYA2 June 2009

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Transcript of "PSYA2 June 2009"

  1. 1. Centre Number Candidate Number For Examiner’s UseSurnameOther Names Examiner’s InitialsCandidate Signature Question Mark General Certificate of Education 1 Advanced Subsidiary Examination June 2009 2 3Psychology PSYA2 4(Specification A) 5 6Unit 2 Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences 7 8Friday 15 May 2009 1.30 pm to 3.00 pm 9 You will need no other materials. 10Time allowed 11 1 hour 30 minutes 12Instructions Use black ink or black ball-point pen. TOTAL Fill in the boxes at the top of this page. Answer all questions. You must answer the questions in the spaces provided. Answers written in margins or on blank pages will not be marked. Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. If you need extra paper, use the Supplementary Answer Sheets.Information The marks for questions are shown in brackets. The maximum mark for this paper is 72. Question 8 should be answered in continuous prose. You may use the space provided to plan your answer. In Question 8, you will be marked on your ability to: – use good English – organise information clearly – use specialist vocabulary where appropriate.(JUN09PSYA201) G/K44361 6/6/6/3 PSYA2
  2. 2. Areas outside 2 the box will not be scanned for marking SECTION A: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY Answer all questions. Total for this question: 3 marks1 The following are features of the pituitary-adrenal system and the sympathomedullary pathway. Tick the boxes next to three features of the sympathomedullary pathway. Noradrenaline Pituitary gland Adrenal cortex Adrenal medulla Sympathetic nervous system (Tick three boxes only) (3 marks) 3 Total for this question: 6 marks2 Questionnaires have often been used in stress research to measure the impact of life changes on health. Outline one advantage and one disadvantage of using questionnaires in stress research. One advantage ........................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................(02) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  3. 3. Areas outside 3 the box will not be scanned for marking One disadvantage ...................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (3 marks + 3 marks) 6 Total for this question: 5 marks3 During the last few months, Paula has suffered from headaches and colds, and has been having difficulty sleeping. She decided to keep a diary and found that her headaches, colds and sleep problems were associated with experiences such as having too much homework, losing house keys and being stuck in traffic.3 (a) What is the name for these sorts of stress-related experiences? ............................................................................................................................................. (1 mark)3 (b) Use your knowledge of psychology to explain why Paula might be feeling unwell. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (4 marks) (Extra space) ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. 5 Turn over(03) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  4. 4. Areas outside 4 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 10 marks4 Discuss one or more physiological methods of stress management. ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................(04) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  5. 5. Areas outside 5 the box will not be scanned for marking ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (10 marks) (Extra space) ............................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... Turn over(05) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  6. 6. Areas outside 6 the box will not be scanned for marking (Extra space for Question 4) ....................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... 10(06) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  7. 7. Areas outside 7 the box will not be scanned for marking SECTION B: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Answer all questions. Total for this question: 4 marks5 Explain what is meant by locus of control. ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (Extra space) ............................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... 4 Total for this question: 2 marks6 It is Ani’s first day in a new job and he spends a lot of time watching to see what his colleagues are doing, so that he will fit in with them and be liked. Explain Ani’s behaviour in terms of compliance. ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (2 marks) 2 Turn over(07) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  8. 8. Areas outside 8 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 6 marks7 (a) Outline one method that psychologists have used to study conformity. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks)7 (b) Explain one limitation of this method. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks)7 (c) Suggest an appropriate way of overcoming this limitation. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) 6(08) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  9. 9. Areas outside 9 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 12 marks8 Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of why people obey. You may use this space to plan your answer ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... Turn over(09) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  10. 10. Areas outside 10 the box will not be scanned for marking ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (12 marks)(10) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  11. 11. Areas outside 11 the box will not be scanned for marking (Extra space) ............................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... 12 Turn over(11) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  12. 12. Areas outside 12 the box will not be scanned for marking SECTION C: INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Answer all questions. Total for this question: 6 marks9 (a) Describe key features of the behavioural approach to psychopathology. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (4 marks) (Extra space) ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................9 (b) Outline one limitation of the behavioural approach to psychopathology. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) 6(12) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  13. 13. Areas outside 13 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 6 marks10 One way of defining abnormality is to see whether or not someone meets the criteria for mental health. Ivan has high self-esteem and a strong sense of identity.10 (a) Describe two other criteria that you would expect Ivan to display if he were psychologically healthy. Criteria 1 ........................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. Criteria 2 ........................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks + 2 marks)10 (b) Outline one weakness of defining abnormality in terms of mental health. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) 6 Turn over for the next question Turn over(13) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  14. 14. Areas outside 14 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 8 marks11 Sally often gets anxious for no apparent reason. She believes that people do not like her and becomes distressed when she has to meet strangers. She is very nervous when faced with new or unexpected situations. Sally has been referred to a therapist for psychoanalysis.11 (a) Outline two techniques used in psychoanalysis. Technique 1 ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. Technique 2 ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks + 2 marks)11 (b) Sally asks whether there are any problems with this therapy. What would you tell her? ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks)11 (c) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is another psychological therapy. Explain why this might be an appropriate therapy for Sally’s problems. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) 8(14) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  15. 15. Areas outside 15 the box will not be scanned for marking Total for this question: 4 marks12 Describe the use of ECT (electro-convulsive therapy) in treating abnormality. ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (Extra space) ............................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... 4 END OF QUESTIONS(15) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2
  16. 16. 16 There are no questions printed on this page DO NOT WRITE ON THIS PAGE ANSWER IN THE SPACES PROVIDED Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.(16) G/K44361/Jun09/PSYA2

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