Implications of research forChildcare practicesAttachment research&Day care research
Attachment Vs. Day CareYou MUST recognise the distinction between theimplications of attachment research and day careresearch on childcare practices:Implications ofattachment researchprovide suggestions tochange:1. Hospital Admissions2. Adoption PracticesImplications of day careresearch providesuggestions to change:1. Staff:Child ratio2. Staff turnoverImplication: how the findings from the research canbe applied in everyday life – how can the findingsimprove day care facilities and the child’sexperiences whilst in day care
Attachment research –Hospital AdmissionsProblem:Robertson & Bowlby’sresearch identified thatchildren can suffer PDD asa result of separation.Parents weren’t allowed tostay with their childrenwhilst they were in hospital.Flexible andaccessible visitingarrangementsParent bedsAttachmentbond maintained= minimaldisruptionDiscussion to maintainfamiliar routines
Attachment research –Adoption PracticesProblem:Bowlby’s theory of attachmentsuggested that children have a‘critical period’ for attachmentformation – adoption after thistime could result in an inability(later amended to state that children would havedifficulty forming attachment in the future) toform attachmentsAdoption as soon aspossibleAdoption during thecritical period (ifpossible)Attachmentscan be formed,consistentcarers
Day Care research –Staff:Child RatioProblem:Research suggests thatchildren perform best whenthe staff:child ratio is low.(This means more staff perchild – staff are able toinvest more time whicheach child)‘Key Workers’Stressful times of thedayChild can formattachments –‘substitute carer’
Day Care research –Staff turnoverProblem:If a day care has a highturnover of staff it canraise problems for a child’sdevelopment – lack ofcontinuity of care.Establish a ‘continuityof care’Encourage bonds toform between staffand childrenEnsures support forthe child’s socialdevelopmentEncourage staff tostay in the job
How else can be improve DayCare for children?Small groups –Less intimidating,increased chanceof knowing peers,develop socialskillsMixed age groups –Children of differentages/genders learnfrom each other,promotes developmentEnvironment –A stimulatingenvironment canpromote cognitiveand socialdevelopmentLegal Standards –staffing ratiosAge of childrenMin staff qualsOFSTED
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