Effects of day care social development

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Effects of day care social development

  1. 1. Effects of Day CareSocial Development-Aggression-Peer relationsA temporary form of child-carethat is not provided by parents.Only takes place during the day,no overnight stays e.g. Nursery,childminder, nannies
  2. 2. Impact of Day CareWhat impact do you think day care has ona child’s levels of aggression and theirpeer relationships?Day care has been found to impact bothpositively and negatively on an infant’ssocial development
  3. 3. Impact on AggressionAggression – DefinitionRange of behaviours that can result in both physical andpsychological harm to oneself/objects or others.If you’re answering a question onday care affecting aggression youwould discuss researchdemonstrating an increase andresearch demonstrating a decrease
  4. 4. Day care – increase in aggressionA – investigate the effects of day care on infant’saggressive behaviourP – NICHD conducted a longitudinal study in Americalooking at 1000 children and their parents from diversefamilies from 10 locationsF – By 5, more time in day care rated more disobedientby adults- Children in FT day care were 3 times more likely toshow behaviour problems
  5. 5. Day care – decrease in aggressionA – investigate the effects of day care on infant’saggressive behaviourP – Shea (1981) conducted naturalistic observation,videotaping 3&4 year olds looking at 4 behaviours1. Aggression 2. freq of peer interactions 3. distance from teacher4. distance from nearest childF – 1. Decrease in levels of aggression2. Increase in frequency of peer interactions3. Increase in distance from teacher4. Decrease in distance from nearest child
  6. 6. Day care on aggression – A02The research has highecological validity For example, both theresearch by Shea and theNICHD were conducted inreal life settingsinvestigating real lifebehaviourThis is a strength becausethe findings can begeneralised beyond theresearch to real life daycare
  7. 7. Day care on aggression – A02The research into daycare and aggression iscontradictoryFor example, someresearch demonstratesthat day care increasesaggression whereas othersreport that it decreasesaggressionThis is a weaknessbecause the relationshipbetween day care andaggression is inconclusiveand our knowledge remainslimited
  8. 8. Day care on aggression – A02The relationship betweenday care and aggressionis complexFor example, there areother variables that couldaffect the impact of daycare, such as thestaff:child ratio,attachment type, mothersensitivity etc…This is a weaknessbecause the researchignores such variableswhich could provide aninsight into therelationship between daycare and aggression
  9. 9. Day care on aggression – A02The research iscorrelational For example, the linkbetween day care andaggression may be indirectwith other influencingfactors(e.g. ____)This is a weaknessbecause you can’testablish cause and effectand say that day caredirectly increases ordecreases aggression
  10. 10. Glossary additions• Institutional Care• Day care• Social development (refers toaggressive behaviour & peer relations)• Peer relations (social interactions withothers of a similar age)
  11. 11. Impact on Peer relationsSociability – DefinitionChild relating to anotherchild, learning skills andbehaviours appropriate tosocietyIf you’re answering a question onday care affecting sociability youwould discuss researchdemonstrating an increase andresearch demonstrating a decreasePeer relations –DefinitionThe way a child interactswith other children of asimilar age
  12. 12. Day care – increase in peerrelationsA – investigate the effects of day care on infant’s peerrelationsP – Shea (1981) conducted naturalistic observation,videotaping 3&4 year olds looking at 4 behaviours1. Aggression 2. freq of peer interactions 3. distance from teacher 4.distance from nearest childF – 1. Decrease in levels of aggression2. Increase in frequency of peer interactions3. Increase in distance from teacher4. Decrease in distance from nearest child
  13. 13. Day care – decrease in peerrelationsA – investigate the effects of day care on peerrelations and sociabilityP – DiLalla (1988) quantitatively measure amount oftime children spent in care and their levels of pro-socialbehaviourF – There was a negative correlation between the 2variables.Suggesting that the more time spent in day care theless sociable the children were
  14. 14. Day care on peer relations– A02The research has highecological validity For example, both theresearch by Shea and theDiLalla were conducted inreal life settingsinvestigating real lifebehaviourThis is a strength becausethe findings can begeneralised beyond theresearch to real life daycare
  15. 15. Day care on peer relations– A02The research into daycare and aggression iscontradictoryFor example, someresearch demonstratesthat day care in creasespeer relations whereasothers report that itdecreases peer relationsThis is a weaknessbecause the relationshipbetween day care and peerrelations is inconclusiveand our knowledge remainslimited
  16. 16. Day care on peer relations– A02The relationship betweenday care and peerrelations is complexFor example, there areother variables that couldaffect the impact of daycare, such as thestaff:child ratio,attachment type, mothersensitivity etc…This is a weaknessbecause the researchignores such variableswhich could provide aninsight into therelationship between daycare and peer relations
  17. 17. Day care on peer relations– A02The research iscorrelational (DiLalla) For example, the linkbetween day care andaggression may be indirectwith other influencingfactors(e.g. ____)This is a weaknessbecause you can’testablish cause and effectand say that day caredirectly increases ordecreases peer relations

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