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    Plenary charleslowry Plenary charleslowry Presentation Transcript

    • PUBLISHING AND LIBRARIES Securing Our Future in the Brave ―Now‖ World – ―The Future Ain’t What It Used to Be‖ Charles B. Lowry Ph.D. Executive Director Association of Research Libraries Society for Scholarly Publishing 31st Annual Meeting May 27 – 29, 2009ARL www.arl.org
    • The Future Ain’t What it Used to Be Transformational Times
    • The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Has your library already experienced base budget reductions/take-backs in FY 2008-2009? Total Responses: 99 US US Canadian US Canadian Total Public Private Academic Nonacademic NonacademicYes 55 35 1 5 3 0No 44 24 14 5 0 1 Table I The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Has your library already experienced base budget reductions/take-backs in FY 2008-2009? Total Responses: 99 Budget Reductions Budget Reductions Already Implemented Already Implemented Yes NoPossible Reductions Later 22 8YesPossible Reductions Later 33 36No Table II The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • If you answered yes, what was the percent impact on the total budget?Total Responses: 55 StandardMinimum Maximum Mean Median Deviation .04% 10% 3% 3% .0227 Table III <1% 61 – 1.50% 72 – 2.50% 143 – 3.75% 64 – 4.70% 65 – 5.20% 36 – 6.70% 38 – 10% 3 The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • If you can, please indicate the percentage impact on Staffing, Other Operations, and Acquisitions: Total Responses: 49Impact on Staffing Only 15 31%Impact on Operations only 8 16%Impact on Acquisitions only 2 4%Impact on Staffing and Operations 8 16%Impact on Staffing and Acquisitions 5 10%Impact on Operations and Acquisitions 3 6%Impact on all three 8 16% Table IV The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Did you award staff salary increases at the beginning of this fiscal year? Total Responses = 55 2008 – 2009 Pay IncrementsMerit increase only 16 34%Flat percentage increase only 6 13%Both Merit and Flat percentages 19 40%Neither Merit nor Flat percentages 3 6%Retention only 1 2%Bonus only 1 2%Retention and Bonus only 1 2% Table V The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Please indicate which of the following staffing modifications have been required? Check all that apply.Hiring Freezes 34 68%Eliminate vacant positions 29 58%Staff layoffs 6 12%Early retirement program 6 12%Staff furlough(s) 2 4%Give backs of salaries as charitable contributions to the 2 4%universitySalary reductions 1 2%Other 10 20% Table VI The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • 2009 – 2010 Budget Planning Total Responses: 81Action Number % TotalExpect Increase 9 11%Do Not know at this time 7 9%Expect flat budget 9 11% Reductions expected Total: 56 69% Yes; do not know amount 11 14% 2% - less than 5% 14 17% 5% - 10% 28 35% Greater than 10% 3 4% Table VII The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Best Date for 2nd Survey 4% 3% 52%41% May-June July-October November-January later 2010 Fig. I The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • The Current Fiscal Landscape of Research Libraries: Report on the ARL Survey
    • Transformational Times www.arl.org/bm~doc/transformational-times.pdf Transformational Times
    • Transformational Times Transformational Times
    • Trends – Scholarly Communication• Budget reductions will have substantial impact on library collecting presenting opportunities as well as threats.• ―New Model Publications‖ are beginning to move into the mainstream.• Libraries will begin building relationships with faculty to promote change.• Stronger impetus to bring dissemination back under the auspices and control of the academy. Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – Scholarly Communication• Transformations in scholarly communication practices are driving development and re-engineering of library services.• The role and practices of scholarly communication are becoming more embedded in research practices and cultures placing new demands on libraries.• Large funders are increasingly promoting cyberinfrastructure development but are also developing requirements for management of content (e.g., publications and data). Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – Public Policies• Two issues — the economy and national security — will dominate congressional and executive branch activities.• Congress and the administration will devote attention to review, repeal, and/or revise government policies in a host of areas.• There will be a renewed focus by government on technology and innovation issues.• Continued advances in technology will enhance search and access.• There will be continued focus and tension around copyright and intellectual property issues. Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – Public Policies• There will be enhanced focus by federal funders on cyberinfrastructure developments.• There will be greater difficulties in trying to balance competing policy interests with attendant challenges on the legislative front.• There will be increased efforts to allow new forms of scholarship to emerge.• There will be a continued focus on accountability and assessment on the local, state, and national levels. Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – Public PoliciesFederal Research PublicAccess Act (FRPAA) Fair Copyright in Research Works Act (H.R. 801) Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) USA PATRIOT Act Section 108 Transformational Times - Trends
    • Factors Web 2.0 Changes to Pedagogy Transition to e-researchReconceptualization of collection formats Collaboration Downsizing and Digitization Re-imagining roles Shifting behaviors and expectations Assessment Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – RTL• Libraries to construct new forms of engagement and support.• Research library collections and collecting have new meanings.• Research libraries and virtual environments inhabited by students, faculty, and researchers.• Shifts in pedagogy affect how libraries partner with faculty to support student learning, scholarship and productivity. Transformational Times - Trends
    • Trends – RTL• Libraries will discover opportunities to engage non-typical students.• As university budgets tighten, many library building programs and new initiatives will face cutbacks and delays. Transformational Times - Trends
    • Collaboration Transformational Times
    • University’s Role• In the digital age, a wide range of campus servers host new kinds of digital scholarship created within and disseminated from academe—a renaissance of campus publishing has been seeded. Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Range of Online ResourcesAt 46 ARL institutions, EIGHT principle types of digital scholarlyresources:-E-only journals-Reviews-Preprints and working papers-Encyclopedias, dictionaries and annotated content-Data-Blogs-Discussion forums-Professional and scholarly hubs Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Project Findings- Digital innovations are taking place in all disciplines.- Digital publishing is shaped powerfully by the traditions of scholarly culture.- Some of the largest projects with greatest impact have been in existence a long while.- Many digital publications are small, niche projects.- There appears to be a very long tail in the field of digital scholarly publishing.- Innovations relating to multimedia and Web 2.0 content and functionality are encouraging the emergence of new types of publications. Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Project Findings- Establishing credibility is not easy, but is of critical importance.- Achieving sustainability – especially for those projects with an open access mandate – is a universal challenge. Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Digital Scholarly Resources andthe University Library…In addition to the volume of scholarly resources distributed through traditional channels like commercial publishers and university presses, independent scholarly projects – often of great relevance, but sometimes unknown outside their area of focus – crop up in every discipline. Learning about these many niche resources is only possible through an ongoing dialogue with those scholars who create and use them. Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Digital Scholarly Resources Valuable role for the library to play in supporting these new digital initiativesPromote high-quality Libraries importantwork build audience nexus offor digital resources Create new communication projects Build audience for Ongoing interaction digital resources between the library Put new projects and faculty = on surer footing greatness Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Integrating Digital Scholarly Resources are good ANDlibraries must also continue to play their traditional role of planning for preservation and archiving. Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Easier Said than Done New Standards, Hardware, and Operations Migration Traditional Roles Adapting the Research Library Mission
    • Questions?Charles B. Lowryclowry@arl.org