247 oa kaufman


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247 oa kaufman

  1. 1. OA PublishingThe impact of OA on institutional pricing and licensing
  2. 2. Overview Types of OA  Impact  Delayed OA  Institutional pricing  Optional OA  Licensing  Full OA  Single titles  Big deal Business models and  Aggregators pricing  Author-side fees  Institutional memberships  Third party support2 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  3. 3. Types of OA3 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  4. 4. Types of OA Delayed OA  Journals offering original research articles under subscription access controls upon publication but making articles freely and publicly available after a period of time.  Archive may be a one-time purchase, subscription, or OA Optional OA  Journals offering original research articles under subscription access controls unless author or institution has paid fee to ensure that article is freely and publicly available on publication.  Optional Open Access journals may also be Delayed OA journals. Full OA  Journals making original research articles freely and publicly available immediately on publication.4 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  5. 5. Delayed OAParticipating (mostly) Non-participating (mostly) HighWire Press hosted  Commercial publishers journals  Aggregators  Toll free linking  OA (recent) archive Society journals  Represents thousands of journals, so awareness / University press journals impact reduced overall 5 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  6. 6. Optional OA Participating (mostly)  Commercial publishers Mixed participation  University Presses  Society publishers Non-participating  Aggregators  Permissions policies, deposit in OA repository go hand-in-hand6 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  7. 7. Full OA Commercial publishers  BMC  Industry-supported Society publishers  Member supported Other nonprofit  PLoS  University press/Harvard  Academic department7 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  8. 8. Business models and pricing8 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  9. 9. Revenue sources Author-side fees  Dues and subscriptions  Submission fees  Society membership  Page charges  Institutional membership  Color charges  Subscriptions (to non-OA  Article processing charges  content) OA  Funding agencies  Third party underwriting  Institutional memberships  Industry ads, sponsorships, grants  Foundation grants  Government support  Volunteer labor  Society publishers  Academic departments9 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  10. 10. Funding agencies 35 funders have confirmed that they are willing to fund article processing charges 28 funders have an official policy in support of open access  25 of these funder policies encourage or in some cases require funding recipients to deposit resulting research articles in an open access repository 10 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  11. 11. Funding agencies willing to pay articleprocessing fees Academy of Finland (Finland)  International Human Frontier Science Program Organization (International) BIOTEC (Thailand)  Israel Science Foundation (Israel) California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (US)  Max Planck Society (Germany) Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Canada)  Medical Research Council (UK) Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)  National Health Service (UK) Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spain)  National Institutes of Health (US) Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)  National Science Foundation (US) Danmarks Grundforskningsfond (Denmark)  Natural Environment Research Council (UK) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)  Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk FAPESP (Brazil) Onderzoek (Netherlands) Fondazione Telethon (Italy)  Rockefeller Foundation (US) Fonds zur Forderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung  South African Medical Research Council (South Africa) (Austria)  Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (Sweden) Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Belgium)  Swedish Research Council (Sweden) Health Research Board (Ireland)  Swiss National Science Foundation (Switzerland) Howard Hughes Medical Institute (US)  Wellcome Trust (UK) Indian Council of Medical Research (India) INSERM (France)  http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/about/apcfaq 11 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  12. 12. Author-side fees samplerFull OA Optional OA Publisher Author-side fees Publisher Author-side feesPLoS $2,750/article for PLoS Biology and Springer $3,000/article for OA PLoS Medicine Wiley $3,000/article for OA $2,100/article for community journals Elsevier $3,000/article (most)BioMed Central $1,670/article for most BMC journals $5,000/article (Cell Press) $525-$2,510/article for independent £400/page (Lancet) journals Sage $3,000/article for OA Plus fee for optional copyediting OUP $2,800 (less for authors atJournal of Clinical $70/article submission fee subscribing institutions,Investigation $.22/word authors in developing $100/figure countries $50/table Company of Biologists $2,160/article for OA $300 supplemental data fee American Chemical Society $3,000/article for OA $1,000 if color American Physiological Society $2,000 + page chargesJournal of Vision (ARVO) $135/page without using author Proceeding of the National $70 per printed page template Academy of Sciences $150/article if supplemental $85/page if use author template data included Plus voluntary charge of $50/page $1,000 surcharge if OA desired Plus excessive alterations charge of by author $50/hour $450/color figure The Scientific World $400/short article $695/longer article 12 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  13. 13. PLoS institutional membership PLoS institutional members pay annual fee, at chosen level  Entitles affiliated scientists to reduced charges for publication in flagship and community PLoS journals  Provides libraries with access to institutional usage reports for all PLoS publications  Lists member institutions on the PLoS web site Members page, with list of articles published in journals by affiliated authors Other PLoS memberships  Research funding agencies on behalf of investigators, grantees  Consortial memberships  Negotiated on case-by-case basis.13 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  14. 14. Market response to PLoS institutionalmembership ~100 colleges and universities  Harvard  Yale  University of Amsterdam  Kalamazoo College.  http://www.plos.org/support/instmembers.html Open Society Institute pays for PLoS institutional memberships on behalf of universities and other organizations in 44 developing countries14 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  15. 15. BMC institutional membership Prepay Membership  Customers pay upfront for articles published by their authorized users to be processed and published.  On publication, full article processing charge for journal minus discount that applies is deducted from account. The higher the amount paid in advance, the greater the discount given. Postpay Membership  Scientific and medical societies and groups are invoiced in arrears for papers authored by their members that have been published in journals since last invoice date.  Invoice schedules are set on a monthly or quarterly cycle. Supporters Membership  Flat rate annual membership fee based on the number of science and medical researchers and graduate students at institution.  Members of the institution are then given a 15% discount on the article processing charge when publishing in our journals. Market response  321 members, 33 countries  http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/about/membership 15 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  16. 16. OUP Institutional rebates  To be presented this afternoon16 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  17. 17. Impact of OA on institutional pricing and licensing17 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  18. 18. What is the impact of OA on institutionalpricing and licensing? It depends!18 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  19. 19. Institutional pricing Agents alert libraries to Full OA journals; no incentive to do more Librarians not (yet?) devoting energies to determining percentage of Optional and Delayed OA Librarians can imagine time when they will wonder why they have to pay so much for so little content Publishers asking for societies for guarantees on behalf of library customers that purchased archive will not be OA for, say, 20 years Societies questioning whether institutional rates need to be lowered if add Optional or mandatory OA19 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  20. 20. Balancing institutional rates and OA fees Recommendation: margin management!Journal revenues: historical Journal costs: focus on cost containmentreliance on multiple revenue streams and efficiency Member allocation  Peer review Institutional subscriptions  Lower cost ms mgmt systems PPV  Journal franchises (multiple journal submissions, shared reviews) Author-side fees  Submission fees  Printing  Opt in / opt out  Page charges  Processing charges  Unbundled / no print  Publication fees  Online platform  Color  “Commodification”  Data supplement  Sales and marketing  Institutional memberships  Institutions / consortia  Language polishing  Author-side fee mgmt systems Rights and permissions  Outsourcing and offshoring Industry – government support Other 20 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  21. 21. Aggregator licensing ProQuest  Depends on  Negotiating lower royalty  Value of new content rates for Delayed OA or  Amount of OA significant proportion of  Embargo-Delayed OA Optional OA squeeze Ovid  Not known to negotiate lower royalty rates for Delayed or Optional OA21 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07
  22. 22. Q&A Thank you! Cara S. Kaufman Partner, Kaufman-Wills Group 410 821 8035 cara@kaufmanwills.com22 Kaufman-Wills Group 14 Nov 07