179 sspcc3 a_smart

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179 sspcc3 a_smart

  1. 1. Supporting local journal publishing in the developing world Pippa Smart Head, Publishing Initiatives psmart@inasp.info SSP, Annual meeting Washington, DC 9 June 2006Slide 1
  2. 2. Outline• How much research in LDCs• Representation in international journals• How many local journals• Why local journals• Supporting local publishingSlide 2
  3. 3. Regional research Oceania, 1.4% Africa, 1.1% North America, 24.8% Asia, 36.8% Latin America and Caribbean, 25.0% Europe, 33.4% Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics, December 2004Slide 3
  4. 4. International published outputS&E articles, by region: 1988–2003Region 1988 1990 1995 2000 2003 ChangeAll countries 466,419 508,795 580,809 632,781 698,726 +51%Sub-Saharan 0.97% 0.86% 0.72% 0.63% 0.60% -9%AfricaCentral/South 1.21% 1.35% 1.64% 2.33% 2.71% +234%AmericaAsia 2.17% 2.08% 1.96% 1.94% 2.26% +56%Science and Engineering Indicators 2006SOURCES: Thomson ISI, SCI and SSCI, and National Science Foundation. Slide 4
  5. 5. International published outputS&E articles, by region: 1988–2003Region 1988 1990 1995 2000 2003 ChangeAll countries 466,419 508,795 580,809 632,781 698,726 +51%Sub-Saharan 4,544 4,355 4,161 3,973 4,219 -9%AfricaCentral/South 5,632 6,886 9,547 14,747 18,933 +234%AmericaAsia 10,116 10,566 11,355 12,294 15,779 +56%Science and Engineering Indicators 2006SOURCES: Thomson ISI, SCI and SSCI, and National Science Foundation. Slide 5
  6. 6. How many journals …• Ulrich’s – Not all journals know about Ulrichs (e.g. only 327 African-published titles)• ISSN agency – Not all journals have an ISSN – Some journals have multiple ISSNs – Many items with an ISSN are not journals • 1123 publications from Sri Lanka – truer number of journals published c.50Slide 6
  7. 7. How many titles …• African Journals OnLine – 230 titles included (+c.100 other titles identified)• ISI – 27 titles from sub-Saharan Africa• Medline – Europe/USA/Australasia: 6708 (90.55%) – Africa: 30 (0.40%) – Asia: 359 (4.85%) – China: 209 (2.82%) – Central/South America: 102 (1.38%)Slide 7
  8. 8. Why local journals … language• In 1995 English was the second most common language – Chinese was the most common• By 2050 English is likely to be the fourth most common language – Bengali, Tamil and Malay are the fastest growing languages (Graddol, 2004)• C.6000 languages in use today – (90% doomed to extinction)Slide 8
  9. 9. The future of English … The changing percentage of the world’s population speaking EnglishDavid Graddol. The Future of Language Science (2004) 27 February 2004; Vol.303. no. 5662, pp. 1329 - 1331 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1096546]Slide 9
  10. 10. Why local journals … relevance• Local knowledge in Africa is not the same as local knowledge in India.” researcher/editor, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania• Appropriate therapies, culturally-sensitive presentation of material, understandable descriptions, local/small-scale research, priorities for research …Slide 10
  11. 11. Why local journals …• To define and enforce the quality of doing science and publishing within a nation - setting the national standards• To stimulate development of science by assistance and emphasis on selected areas• To provide training for authors and reviewers Lewis Joel Greene, SciElo, BrazilSlide 11
  12. 12. The international need for nationalcontent• A national newspaper, the New Vision, picked up a study published in the Ugandan journal African Health Sciences showing that about half of chloroquine tablets and injections in Uganda are fake or substandard• Implications for Malaria research …• Implications for efficacy trials of chloroquine …• Implications for public health policies …Slide 12
  13. 13. Selecting/integrating foreign content ?Picking up national content• European publishers publishing English-language versions of foreign journals – Selected articles – selected for relevance• Themed issues – BMJ special issues: e.g. middle eastern health perspectivesPicking up international content• Selective content within national journals Is there a need to do this?Slide 13
  14. 14. Supporting national publishing• Small number of programmes – More programmes devoted to getting “Western” information into developing countries – PERI, HINARI, AGORA, etc.• Emphasis on support for online publishing – Websites – e.g. Bioline to host journals, African Journals OnLine (www.ajol.info) – Partnerships – e.g. CSE partnership – Increasing emphasis to include content in indexes – e.g. Medline activitiesSlide 14
  15. 15. INASP support: workshops• Example workshop coverage: – The editorial office: Journal production and design: Online publishing: Journal development and strategy: Copyright and licensing: Journal promotion and indexing:• Workshops in Kenya, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Ethiopia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Iran• Targeted at editors/publishers (=decision-makers)• Large amount of participation (group work, discussion, exercises)Slide 15
  16. 16. INASP support: resources• Books, e.g. – A Guidebook on Journal Publishing for Agriculture and Rural Development• Resource packs – Workshop packs, including essays, resource guides, hints and tips on variety of publishing topics (soon to be online)• Online guides, e.g. – Getting Started in Electronic Publishing – Copyright assignment form – How to prepare XML files for Medline submissionSlide 16
  17. 17. INASP support: facilitating onlinepublishing• Journal OnLine projects – www.ajol.info (230: abstract only, since 1998) – Vietnam, Nepal and Sri Lanka JOL to come online soon – full text, mostly Open Access• Supporting African journals to publish on commercial hosts – 7 titles: 2 on Extenza, 5 on Ingenta• Partnership and advice for journals to build own platform using Open Journals System (full author submission to publication tool)Slide 17
  18. 18. Publishing developments indeveloping countries• Increasing online presence• Continuing instability/financial insecurity• Open access – Desire to make content more available – Concern about financial security – Regional differences in opinionSlide 18
  19. 19. Thank you www.inasp.infowww.inasp.info/psi• publishing support programmewww.inasp.info/pubs• INASP publicationswww.inasp.info/psi/resources.shtml• Resources and guides for publishers Pippa Smart Head, Publishing Initiatives, INASP Oxford UK psmart@inasp.infoSlide 19

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