Web 2.0 Overview for Administrators


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This is a presentation/overview of Web 2.0-based resources applicable to K12 education. It is only meant as an overview and the focus was on wikis, blogs, mashups, podcasting, and social networks.

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  • Web 2.0 Overview for Administrators

    1. 1. Web 2.0: Changing the way that kids learn and produce today Steve Spengler & Rosanne Ragnacci Directors of Instructional Technology Pocono Mountain School District June 24, 2008
    2. 2. <ul><li>“ The illiterate of the 21 st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn .” </li></ul><ul><li>Alvin Tofflin </li></ul><ul><li>Cult Futurist of the 1970s </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Millennial or The Digital ( today’s student ) <ul><li>Collaborates </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Has direct access to EVERYTHING </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by information/content </li></ul><ul><li>Demands FLEXIBILITY </li></ul>
    4. 5. Let’s look at where we were… Something has changed in the Web during this decade of online history… At the beginning it was all about being online ; now it’s about socializing in the online environment .
    5. 6. Until recently, to produce content for a large audience you needed to be a... <ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcaster </li></ul><ul><li>Billboard owner </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot flying a sign-dragging airplane </li></ul><ul><li>Guy holding up signs at football games on television </li></ul><ul><li>Cable-access show (Wayne’s World) </li></ul><ul><li>Person with a loud voice </li></ul>
    6. 7. …but now… <ul><li>Publisher ( blog, wiki ) </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcaster ( podcasting, YouTube ) </li></ul><ul><li>Billboard owner ( wiki, Web page ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot flying a sign-dragging airplane ( blog, wiki ) </li></ul><ul><li>Guy holding up signs at football games on television ( YouTube ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cable-access show (Wayne’s World) ( YouTube ) </li></ul><ul><li>Person with a loud voice ( Podcasting ) </li></ul>
    7. 8. The Origin: Web 1.0 <ul><li>Most people read the Net instead of producing for it, because producers needed: </li></ul><ul><li>HTML coding skills ( for the techie ) </li></ul><ul><li>Programming skills ( for the elite techie ) </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic design skills ( for the esthetic ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hosting ability ( for those with money ) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion mechanisms ( more money ) </li></ul>
    8. 9. Minor Upgrade: Web 1.5 <ul><li>Most people still read the Net instead of producing for it BUT the skill set was getting more manageable: </li></ul><ul><li>FrontPage or DreamWeaver ( no HTML ) </li></ul><ul><li>Applications to do programming ( no programming ) </li></ul><ul><li>Templates ( no graphic design ) </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo hosts Web sites ( no need to host ) </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines can promote ( no promotion ) </li></ul>
    9. 10. Creating a Content-Friendly, People Friendly Internet <ul><li>Late 1990s: New types of online software to simplify content creation </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed people to focus on ideas and creativity rather than technical know-how </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Read-Write Web” </li></ul><ul><li>AKA “Web 2.0” </li></ul><ul><li>AKA “We Media” </li></ul>
    10. 11. Numbers say they’re doing it… <ul><li>48 million Americans have posted content online </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 12 Internet users publish a Blog </li></ul><ul><li>1 in four have shared original content </li></ul><ul><li>Young people more likely to post content </li></ul><ul><li>Race, income, education less of a factor </li></ul><ul><li>Latinos, African Americans slightly more likely to post online content than whites </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project, Home Broadband Adoption 2006 </li></ul>
    11. 12. Web 2.0? <ul><li>Tim O'Reilly and John Battelle summarized key principles they believed characterized Web 2.0 applications… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Web as a platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data as the driving force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an architecture of participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open source development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content and service syndication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the end of the software adoption cycle (&quot; the perpetual beta &quot;) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Web 2.0 (cont.)? <ul><li>Second generation of the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration , interaction , customization </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a Phenomena , NOT technology </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a phase of a continuum, NOT an event </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about US!! </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Information silos  Information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Designed  Customizable </li></ul><ul><li>“ One to Many”  “Many to Many” </li></ul><ul><li>( publication )  ( conversation ) </li></ul><ul><li>Authority  Consensus </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e. “ The Wisdom of Crowds ”) </li></ul>The Change…
    14. 16. Web 2.0 Blogs Wikis MashUPS Social Networking Podcasting
    15. 17. Information is no longer difficult to create and access www.creativecommons.org Find Creative Commons Licensed Work License Your Work
    16. 18. Example 1: Blogs <ul><li>WEB + LOGS = BLOGS </li></ul><ul><li>Web pages with updates in chronological (or reverse chronological) order </li></ul><ul><li>1997 term first emerged </li></ul><ul><li>Now 55 million Blogs and growing by one a every second! </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to enable responses from readers and RSS dissemination make Blogs 2.0 technologies </li></ul>
    17. 19. Example 1: Blogs <ul><li>A Blog is a Web site where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order. </li></ul><ul><li>A Blog entry typically consists of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title , the main title, or headline, of the post. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body , main content of the post. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permalink , the URL of the full, individual article. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Date , date and time the post was published. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Blog entry optionally includes the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Categories (or tags) - subjects that the entry discusses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trackback and or pingback - links to other sites that refer to the entry </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. ` Participatory journalism is living its renaissance powered by the “credibility crackdown” of traditional media ( MSM ) and it’s reaching its own “technology perfection” through this new social media that are Blogs , and that “vigorous communication subspace” , emerging within the Web itself, that is the Blogosphere .
    19. 22. Some Blogs… <ul><li>http://www.leadertalk.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eduspaces.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://mrmackeyscience.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.principalspage.com/theblog/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elizabethfullerton.com/ </li></ul>
    20. 23. So let’s make a blog entry… Writing Prompt!
    21. 24. Some fads are dangerous, some are just fun. How do you know where the line is BEFORE you’ve crossed it.
    22. 25. Example 2: Podcasting <ul><li>In 2007… </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of the term, &quot;Podcasting,&quot; increased from 22% to 37% </li></ul><ul><li>Persons who had 'ever' listened to an audio Podcast rose from 11% to 13% </li></ul><ul><li>Persons who had 'ever' watched a video Podcast rose from 10% to 11% </li></ul><ul><li>© Edison Media Research. All rights reserved </li></ul>
    23. 26. Example 2: Podcasting One in five (19 percent) of those under the age of 30 have iPods/MP3 players
    24. 27. So what is it?? <ul><li>iPod + broadcast = podcast </li></ul><ul><li>Way to distribute multimedia files over the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Audio event, conversation, lecture, song, speech, group presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Delivered via RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile device synchronized with a computer </li></ul>
    25. 28. So what is it?? <ul><li>Podcasting allows access to many different voices compared to “traditional channels.” </li></ul><ul><li>Portable studio consisting of a recorder and a laptop </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting differs from other types of media distribution in that it's a subscription model, using automatic feeding mechanisms (RSS) to deliver files </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting can be done by anyone, anywhere, as long as they have a computer, a recording device, and software </li></ul>
    26. 29. Image credit: University of Missouri School of Journalism Push – Pull Technology
    27. 30. Where to go… <ul><li>www.philamuseum.org/podcast / </li></ul><ul><li>http://a4esl.org/podcasts/ </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ihistory.wordpress.com/tag/podcasts / </li></ul><ul><li>www.princetonreview.com/podcasts / </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.jodcast.net / </li></ul>
    28. 31. Where to go… <ul><li>http://www.intelligenic.com/kidcast/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://epnweb.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.Podcastalley.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.odeo.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.audioBlog.com </li></ul>
    29. 32. What do you need? Microphone Computer Audacity
    30. 33. So let’s make a podcast together…
    31. 34. Example 3: Wikis <ul><li>Easily add, remove and otherwise edit and change some available content, sometimes without the need for registration </li></ul><ul><li>An effective tool for COLLABORATIVE AUTHORING </li></ul><ul><li>The open philosophy of most Wikis—of allowing anyone to edit content—does not ensure that editors are well intentioned </li></ul>
    32. 35. Example 3: Wikis <ul><li>Wikis represent consensus over authority -- the knowledge of many people is considered more valuable and correct than the knowledge of any one person, even an expert </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis like Wikipedia still rely on the valuable input of experts to correct errors and improve the value of the resource </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia was compared to Encyclopedia Britannica and found to be about as accurate in articles on the sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis use a slightly different markup than the Web, but it’s easy to learn </li></ul>
    33. 36. Wikis Simplified <ul><li>Online workspaces where anyone can read, write, edit documents </li></ul><ul><li>Previous edits trackable; virtual “paper trail” </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages group collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki=Hawaiian for “quick” </li></ul>
    34. 37. Then there’s Wikipedia <ul><li>The world’s largest encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>1,000,000+ entries in 200+ languages </li></ul><ul><li>A magnet for controversy </li></ul>
    35. 38. The BIG Issue <ul><li>Pro : </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can create or edit Wikipedia entries </li></ul><ul><li>Con : </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can create or edit Wikipedia entries </li></ul>
    36. 39. Some Wikipedia suggestions... <ul><li>Wikipedia as research exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assign Wikipedia (wiki) entries to students </li></ul><ul><li>Students examine entries’ accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Use multiple sources to correct entries </li></ul><ul><li>“ Final” version given seal of approval </li></ul>
    37. 40. <ul><li>Use for student projects where group members need to contribute at different times and </li></ul><ul><li>from geographically diverse locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Use for collaborating on ideas and organizing documents and resources from </li></ul><ul><li>individuals and groups of students. </li></ul><ul><li>As a group research project for a specific idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Manage school and classroom documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Use as a collaborative handout for students. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing: student created books and journaling. </li></ul><ul><li>Create and maintain a classroom FAQ </li></ul><ul><li>As a classroom discussion and debate area. </li></ul><ul><li>A place to aggregate web resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a topic on Wikipedia, break the topic into facts, students verify the facts using </li></ul><ul><li>their information literacy skills, and make changes accordingly (Citing sources). </li></ul>
    38. 41. Some Wikis… <ul><li>http://wiki.ciu20.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://school20.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://westwood.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikibooks.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Wikijunior </li></ul><ul><li>http://educationalwikis.wikispaces.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://projectlemonade.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul>
    39. 42. So let’s make a wiki page together…
    40. 43. Example 4: MashUPS <ul><li>A mash up is a Web site or Web application that seamlessly combines content from more than one source into an integrated experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Content used in MashUPS is typically sourced from a third party via a public interface. Other methods of sourcing content for MashUPS include Web feeds and JavaScript. </li></ul><ul><li>Many companies are experimenting with MashUPS using eBay, Amazon, Google, Windows Live, and Yahoo. </li></ul>
    41. 44. MashUPS <ul><li>A unique assembly of individual things from more than one source into a single integrated whole. </li></ul><ul><li>MashUPS are for EVERYTHING! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wiki, Blogs, Video, on and on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching/finding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tag Clouds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competencies, people </li></ul></ul>
    42. 45. MashUPS simplified: You already know the model Think Lego blocks!
    43. 49. So let’s make a mashup…
    44. 50. Example 5: Social Networking <ul><li>Online communities where people are actively encouraged to use and share each other’s original content </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites that focus on community </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage interaction, discussion, debate </li></ul><ul><li>Public member profiles </li></ul><ul><li>User-generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Often target specific audiences </li></ul>
    45. 60. http://elgg.ciu20.org
    46. 61. What’s Needed: ICT Literacy <ul><li>Technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Content generation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Research skills </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Media literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Online safety and responsibility </li></ul>
    47. 62. http://go2web20.net/
    48. 63. Web 2.0: Changing the way that kids learn and produce today Steve Spengler & Rosanne Ragnacci Directors of Instructional Technology Pocono Mountain School District June 24, 2008
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