BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART
Line
 Shape and Form
 Color
 Space
 Value
 Texture

LINE
“Lines are everywhere. You can see
lines in the grain of a piece of wood
or in the cracks on a sidewalk. Lines
are us...
The four main kinds of lines are
horizontal, vertical, curvy and zig zag.
Horizontal Lines
Horizontal Lines are restful,
peaceful, and stable. Very
pleasant to the eye.
Horizontal Lines
Edward Hopper,
Early Sunday Morning
Vertical Lines
Vertical Lines suggest
respectability, endurance,
and alertness.
Vertical Lines
Curvy Lines
Curvy lines express
rhythm and movement.
Zig Zag Lines
Zig zag lines show
excitement and action.
They are very
eye-catching.
SHAPE
“All objects are either shapes or forms.
Rocks, puddles, flowers, shirts,
houses, chairs, and paintings are all
shap...
FORM
Shape is 2-dimensional. Form is
3-dimensional.

Shape

Form

Circle
Square
Triangle

Sphere
Cube
Pyramid or Cone
How are these shapes
symbolic?
TEXTURE
“Every surface has a texture. Texture
is the element of art that refers to
how things feel, or look as if they
mig...
Texture can be Real
Impasto
Or it is Implied
Space
Positive Space
Negative Space
Depth of Space
Overlapping
Placement
Size difference
COLOR


Color has three aspects to its nature:
• Hue
• Intensity/Saturation
• Value
Primary colors

1. HUE

Secondary colors
Color Schemes
Analogous Colors…colors that are next to each other
on the color wheel, such as green and yellow green.
Complementary Colors…colors that are directly across
from each other such as yellow and violet.
Monochromatic Colors…a color scheme that uses only
one hue and black and white mixed with that one color to
make tints, or...
WARM Colors
COOL Colors
2. Intensity/ Saturation
Your perception of color is influenced by
the color that surrounds that color.
3. Value
VALUE


Value, simply put, refers to how
light or how dark things are. It
also shows contrast between
lights and darks. A...
Value in Painting
Value in Sculpture

Higher Relief

Lower Relief
PRINCIPLES
OF ART
Rhythm and Movement
 Balance
 Proportion
 Harmony, Unity
 Perspective

RHYTHM AND MOVEMENT
“Rhythm is the principle or art
that indicates movement by
the repetition of elements.”
-Arttalk, page...
BALANCE
“A work of art must contain
balance. Balance is the
principle of art concerned
with equalizing visual forces,
or e...
SIMPLE CONCEPT


Balance= Feels Right



Imbalance =
Right

Doesn’t Feel
There are 3 kinds of balance:

Formal (Symmetric)
 Informal (Asymmetric)
 Radial

Formal Balance
Informal Balance
Radial Balance
HARMONY


Harmony means that all parts
of the picture work together.
This could mean color, light,
style, strokes, etc.
PERSPECTIVE


There are 2 Kinds of Perspective:

•Linear
•Aerial
Linear
Aerial Perspective
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
Art elements for painting slideshow
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Art elements for painting slideshow

  1. 1. BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART Line  Shape and Form  Color  Space  Value  Texture 
  2. 2. LINE “Lines are everywhere. You can see lines in the grain of a piece of wood or in the cracks on a sidewalk. Lines are used to create words, numbers, and symbols. They are also used to create art. In drawing, line is an element of art that is the path of a moving point through space.” -Arttalk, page 70
  3. 3. The four main kinds of lines are horizontal, vertical, curvy and zig zag.
  4. 4. Horizontal Lines Horizontal Lines are restful, peaceful, and stable. Very pleasant to the eye.
  5. 5. Horizontal Lines
  6. 6. Edward Hopper, Early Sunday Morning
  7. 7. Vertical Lines Vertical Lines suggest respectability, endurance, and alertness.
  8. 8. Vertical Lines
  9. 9. Curvy Lines Curvy lines express rhythm and movement.
  10. 10. Zig Zag Lines Zig zag lines show excitement and action. They are very eye-catching.
  11. 11. SHAPE “All objects are either shapes or forms. Rocks, puddles, flowers, shirts, houses, chairs, and paintings are all shapes and forms.” -Arttalk, 98
  12. 12. FORM Shape is 2-dimensional. Form is 3-dimensional. Shape Form Circle Square Triangle Sphere Cube Pyramid or Cone
  13. 13. How are these shapes symbolic?
  14. 14. TEXTURE “Every surface has a texture. Texture is the element of art that refers to how things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched. Texture includes the slick, smooth surface of ice, the bumpy, rough surface of brick, and the prickly surface of a scrub brush.” -Arttalk, page 171
  15. 15. Texture can be Real
  16. 16. Impasto
  17. 17. Or it is Implied
  18. 18. Space Positive Space Negative Space Depth of Space Overlapping Placement Size difference
  19. 19. COLOR  Color has three aspects to its nature: • Hue • Intensity/Saturation • Value
  20. 20. Primary colors 1. HUE Secondary colors
  21. 21. Color Schemes Analogous Colors…colors that are next to each other on the color wheel, such as green and yellow green.
  22. 22. Complementary Colors…colors that are directly across from each other such as yellow and violet.
  23. 23. Monochromatic Colors…a color scheme that uses only one hue and black and white mixed with that one color to make tints, or values of that color.
  24. 24. WARM Colors
  25. 25. COOL Colors
  26. 26. 2. Intensity/ Saturation
  27. 27. Your perception of color is influenced by the color that surrounds that color.
  28. 28. 3. Value
  29. 29. VALUE  Value, simply put, refers to how light or how dark things are. It also shows contrast between lights and darks. A sharp contrast between light and dark is called chiaroscuro.
  30. 30. Value in Painting
  31. 31. Value in Sculpture Higher Relief Lower Relief
  32. 32. PRINCIPLES OF ART Rhythm and Movement  Balance  Proportion  Harmony, Unity  Perspective 
  33. 33. RHYTHM AND MOVEMENT “Rhythm is the principle or art that indicates movement by the repetition of elements.” -Arttalk, page 200
  34. 34. BALANCE “A work of art must contain balance. Balance is the principle of art concerned with equalizing visual forces, or elements in a work of art.” -Arttalk, page 228
  35. 35. SIMPLE CONCEPT  Balance= Feels Right  Imbalance = Right Doesn’t Feel
  36. 36. There are 3 kinds of balance: Formal (Symmetric)  Informal (Asymmetric)  Radial 
  37. 37. Formal Balance
  38. 38. Informal Balance
  39. 39. Radial Balance
  40. 40. HARMONY  Harmony means that all parts of the picture work together. This could mean color, light, style, strokes, etc.
  41. 41. PERSPECTIVE  There are 2 Kinds of Perspective: •Linear •Aerial
  42. 42. Linear
  43. 43. Aerial Perspective
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