Learners should construct their own knowledge rather than accepting that given by the instructor.
Collaborative and cooperative learning should be encouraged to facilitate constructive learning.
Learners should be given control of the learning process.
Learners should be given time and opportunity to reflect.
Learning should be made meaningful for learners.
Learning should be interactive to promote higher -level learning and social presence, and to help develop personal meaning.
Meaningful Learning According to Jonassen, meaningful learning occurs when learners are active, constructive, intentional, cooperative, and working on authentic tasks. J onassen, D. H., & Strobel, J. (2006). Modeling for meaningul learning. In D. Hung & M.S. Khine (Eds.), Engaged learning with emerging technologies (pp. 1-27). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. Human learning is a naturally active mental and social process.
Essential information presented concisely (e.g., in an outline) - It is much easier to read text on hard copy than on a computer screen, so keep text on the screen to concise kernels of information.
Link to Internet resources - Provide links to resources that are known to be available on the Internet and that complement the material presented on your web pages.
Refer to extensive text available in hard copy - Refer students to books, articles that may be in a course pack of readings, on reserve in the library, may be checked out of a library, or purchased.
Dimension lends complexity - Depth provided by links, color, and graphics. Complexity of the subject is reflected by the links among the pages while each page itself is simple and direct
Attractive impression - Reader (student) enjoys working on the web pages. The use of color complements and enhances the presentation. Pages are organized to be aesthetically pleasing.
Small pieces - Students remain engaged in subject by working on many small pieces spread out through the semester.
Frequent assignments – They don't have to be worth a lot of points. Even just requiring people to log in weekly to contribute to forum discussions helps keep them involved and creates social presence.
Use quizzes to check for understanding, but keep points low to discourage cheating and allow students to retake the quizzes until they get an acceptable score. Set quizzes to change order of questions each time.
Be very visible in your course. Don't go away and leave it for a few days. Check in and respond daily. Respond to people's comments in forums and engage in dialog with students. Answer emails on a daily basis.
Grade and return assignments promptly. Keep gradebook updated and current.