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Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa

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A brief introduction to Open Spectrum issues in South Africa from the perspective of the Shuttleworth Foundation.

A brief introduction to Open Spectrum issues in South Africa from the perspective of the Shuttleworth Foundation.

Published in Technology , Travel , Business
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  • 1. Opening Spectrum in South Africa Steve Song Telecommunications Fellow Shuttleworth Foundation email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong
  • 2. Current regulation Lack of clarity about who is actually using spectrum
  • 3. W hat kind of a ...like the sky? thing is spectrum? H ow should it be regulated? ...like the ocean?
  • 4. In general we manage spec trum like real estate.
  • 5. Which was fine...
  • 6. ...until the explosive growth of Internet Mobile
  • 7. ...until the explosive growth of So what needs to happen? Internet Mobile
  • 8. Not all spectrum is created equal Source: The Mobile Provide: Economic Impacts of Alternative Uses of the Digital Dividend
  • 9. 1) Independent spectrum audit
  • 10. 1) Independent spectrum audit g to the best “Accordin a, at any at available d d any one n o ne place a is time in the U.S. it an likely that less th e 10% of availabl e.” us spe ctrum is tinNew America ra h, - Sascha atioin und Me n Fo
  • 11. 1) Independent spectrum audit st ecent spectr um g to the be Ar , “Accordin a, at any au dit of Dublin av ailable dat any one hat Irela nd showed t le o ne place a nd ila b is the U.S. it 10% onl y 14% of ava se. time in in u n sp ectrum was ons likely th at less tha is icati n - Irish t: Kmymuata Report e spectrum of availabl Co Mark e e D in use.” einrath, New America M - Sascha ation Found
  • 12. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions
  • 13. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions um Rece nt spectr nited U auct ion in the 0Mhz States of the 70 0 ulted in 2 band res e D revenu billion US ent. nm for gover
  • 14. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions d Rece um nt spectr nited W ithout goo atural ,n auct U ion in the 0Mhz g overnance th turns l of the 70 0 res ource wea for States rse ulted in 2 ut to be wo s than if band res e o D revenu trie poor coun ad those billion US ent. th for gover nm they hadn’ all. re sources at tom Billion he Bot - Paul Collier – T
  • 15. 3) Start sharing spectrum
  • 16. 3) Start sharing spectrum – Nov 4, 2008 e of Unl icensed us Telev ision White m Spac es spectru e app roved in th Un ited States
  • 17. 3) Start sharing spectrum – Nov 4, 2008 e of us U nlicensed h it e Te levision W m ctru S paces spe e app roved in th Sep t 26, 2008 – e Un ited States t 802.1 1y-2008 “li rd da licen sing” stan e app roved by th IEEE
  • 18. Technology is often a better regulator than bureacracy
  • 19. The Role of Industry Television White Spaces Use of television guard bands Digital dividend spectrum Serendipitous re-use
  • 20. What's missing? You!
  • 21. Opportunities in South Africa Digital Television 802.11y Dividend White “lite Spectrum Spaces licensing”
  • 22. Hand Holding a Mobile Phone by WhiteAfrican Creative Commons http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/2736565604/ Sky by Robin Jaffray http://www.flickr.com/photos/robinj/2934399671/ We share this... by Miguel Ramirez http://www.flickr.com/photos/ibizadj/323305938/ At the end of a long day by Gustavog http://www.flickr.com/photos/gustavog/16609600/ At the end of a long day by Gustavog http://www.flickr.com/photos/gustavog/16609600/ Bureaucracy by BostonBill http://www.flickr.com/photos/8533266@N04/1296614397/ King Farouk in the inauguration of the international telecommunications congress 1938 by KodakAgfa http://www.flickr.com/photos/96884693@N00/1509615338/ Other photos courtesy of http://www.istockphoto.com
  • 23. Steve Song email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong