Capacity Building For Quality Assurance In Pakistan
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Capacity Building For Quality Assurance In Pakistan

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Presentation to the Asia Europe Forum in Paris, Oct. 11, 2012

Presentation to the Asia Europe Forum in Paris, Oct. 11, 2012

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Capacity Building For Quality Assurance In Pakistan Capacity Building For Quality Assurance In Pakistan Presentation Transcript

  • Capacity Building for Quality Assurance Perspective From Pakistan Socio- Economic Uplift Research & Development Human Resource DevelopmentProf. Dr. S. Sohail H. NaqviExecutive DirectorHigher Education Commission
  • Creation of Knowledge Hubs (2000 – 2011)350300 295 258 246 249250 229 218200 192 182 168150 136 134 126 127 132 116 118 121 107 110 98100 76 73 74 69 70 62 65 59 56 5753 56 56 57 57 59 60 53 51 50 41 45 37 35 22 0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Public Private Total Total Uni + Subcampuses
  • Higher EducationDevelopment University Grants Commission 1974 Higher Education Commission 2002 Estb. of Quality Assurance Division 2003 National Quality Assurance Committee 2003 Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) 2005 International Linkages ◦ APQN, INQAAHE,AUQA (recently transformed as TEQSA), QAA-UK, Bologna Process
  • What is HEC Responsible for the improvement and promotion of higher education, research and development in Pakistan Autonomous body with the Prime Minister of Pakistan as the Controlling Authority Mission of HEC is “ To Facilitate Institutions of Higher Learning to serve as an Engine of Socio-Economic Development of Pakistan” Kohat University
  • Functions of the HEC Formulate policies, guiding principles and priorities for higher education Institutions Submit recurring and development budgets to the Federal Government and allocate them on performance and need basis Support the development of linkages between Institutions and Industry Prescribe conditions for opening and operating Higher Education Institutions in the private sector Assure quality by carrying out accreditation of Institutions and programs UET,Lhr
  • Initial Key Challenges in Higher Education Quality Access Relevance• Standard of • Enrollment in • Addressing the Education, Faculty higher education needs for Socio- & Research Economic Development of Pakistan Financing Growth & Change
  • Quality VisionTo develop a quality Higher Education Systemrelevant to national needs and compatible toInternational QA Standards that enables HEIs todemonstrate excellence in teaching, learning andresearch.
  • Quality Assurance Programme ofHEC Sensitizing academia regarding QA Development of Quality Assurance Criteria and Standards Development of Processes & Capacity Building for Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation 9
  • QA Framework for HEIs in Pakistan Three stages: Stage-I: Developing QA Criteria & Guidelines Stage-II: Developing Internal Quality Assurance (IQA) System Program Level Institutional Level Stage-III: Developing External Quality Stage II Assurance (EQA) System EQA Stage III IQA Stage I
  • QA Management Structure National Quality Assurance Committee Quality Quality Assurance AssuranceDivision (QAD) Agency (QAA)
  • Functional Set up for QA HEC QAD QAC•Establishment of QAA &QECS (45 Established & QAA20 under progress)•Int. Recognition(APQN,INQAAHE,W.B,NAAC,AUQA) Accreditation QECs Councils•Liaison with Higher Education Institutions •Linkages with councils = 07 . (Pharmacy•Policy development for QA & implementation Council: Federal Urdu Uni /•Self Evaluation & Capacity building of HEIs PCATP:DCET) •Established new councils = 04•Plagiarism & Quality of research (IT, Agriculture, Business, Teachers 12 education)
  • Improvement of Quality of PhDPrograms Mphil/PhD Program as per international standard Curriculum of Programs Minimum standards for offer of programs Standard classification of Journals HEC “Approved” Supervisor PhD Scholarships International Mobility Plagiarism Detection Monitoring
  • MS/PhD Flow Diagram
  • Journal Requirements Regularly Published Diverse Editorial Board Blind Peer Review (Incl. Foreign Evaluation) Abstracted / Indexed Internationally Local language journals with English Abstracts References as per international standards
  • Gearing up for Value Addition (PhDs/Year)800700600500 (1947-2002) (2002-2012)400 3281 3944300200100 0 2012 1947 1952 1957 1961 1965 1969 1973 1977 1981 1986 1991 1995 2000 2004 2008 2009 2002
  • Creating New Knowledge through Research7000 62006000 49635000 39394000 34253000 28362000 1765 1316 816 948 10441000 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • Research Ranking of Pakistan  Source SCImago http://scimagojr.com/index.php  Pakistan’s Rank Biochem ChemicalYear Overall Agriculture Physics /Micro- Economics Engineering Biology2010 43 34 39 42 43 352008 45 37 42 45 50 542006 47 40 49 49 53 742004 50 44 56 58 62 632002 49 46 57 56 61 962000 54 48 59 62 63 96
  • Pakistan’s Share of World Research0.35 0.30.25 0.20.15 0.10.05 0
  • IQA Initiatives A. Quality Assurance Agency -2005 B. Quality Enhancement Cells ◦ Established………………..…45 Universities ◦ New (Public Sector)……..….25 Universities ◦ New (Private Sector)..………20 Universities
  • Quality Enhancement Cells University Activities ScoresA. QEC SECRETARIAT ESTABLISHMENT (32%) Notification Shared: 3Establishment date /notification Notification not shared: 0 Permanent: 4QEC Office Temporary: 2 Regular / Contractual: 5Director QEC Additional Charge: 2 Regular / Contractual: 5Deputy Director QEC Additional Charge: 2 Regular / Contractual: 5Data Analyst /Asst. Director QEC Additional Charge: 2 Regular / Contractual: 5Assistant QEC Additional Charge: 2 Procured: 5Procurement of Equipment Not Procured: 0
  • Scorecard University Activities ScoresB. IMPLEMENTATION STATUS OF SA MECHANISM (48%) 2 Events: 4Awareness seminars /meetings/ workshops at university on (SA). 1 Events: 2Target: 2 Events Biannually No Events: 0 2 QPRs: 2Quarterly Progress Reports 1 QPR: 1 No QPR: 0 Notified: 2Program Team Notification None: 0PT Reports of Programs (Covering all applicable criteria and Target Achieved: 5standards) No Report Compiled: 0 Notified: 2Assessment Team Notification None: 0 Target Achieved: 5Assessment Team Reports of Programs (Includes Rubric Reports) No Report Compiled: 0 Target Achieved: 7Executive Summaries compiled No Report Compiled: 0 Target Achieved: 7Implementation Plans Compiled No Report Compiled: 0Weaknesses rectified / Corrective Actions taken in programs Target Achieved: 7 All Proformae: 5Feedback received on Surveys (MAX 10) from Programs No Proforma Filled: 0Follow up actions (of the implementation plan) by QEC If Actions Taken: 2
  • QEC Rating Criteria Scorecard Category W Scores 85% - 100% X 68% - 84% Y 51% - 67% Z Up to 50% University Activities ScoresC. EMPOWERING THE QEC (20%) Availed: 2Nonvoting Membership of Statutory bodies Not Availed: 0 Availed: 1Membership of QEC Yahoo Network Not Availed: 0 Functional with updated info: 4QEC Website / webpage Functional: 2 Not Functional: 0 Availed: 2Membership of international bodies Not Availed: 0 Total: 4 Contribution in Int. events: 1Participation/ Contribution in International/ National events Participation in Int. events: 1(At least in one event each) Contribution in National events: 1 Participation in National events: 1 No Participation: 0Participation in HEC (QAA) organized events Participated in all: 5 Publicized: 2Publicizing of QEC activities through print /Electronic media Not Publicized: 0Total 100 (MAX)
  • Programme Level QA Self Assessment Reports by Program Teams Evidence ◦ Establishment of Programme Accrediting/Auditing Bodies (Councils) on need basis ◦ Self-Assessment Reports ◦ Outcome ◦ Programme Ranking lists published by respective Councils etc.
  • Self Assessment Process VC QEC (Being part of University)HOD/Dean Programme Teams Assessment Teams
  • EQA Arrangements Accreditation system: ◦ Programme Accreditation through the respective accrediting councils ◦ Institutional Performance Evaluation: ◦ Standards development for institutional performance evaluation. ◦ Process development for institutional reviews ◦
  • EQA Initiatives Accreditation Councils (Prior to Establishment of HEC) ◦ Engineering, Medicine, Law, Pharmacy, Veterinary Sciences, Architects and Town Planners Veterinary Medical Council, Nursing Council New Accreditation Councils ◦ Agriculture ◦ Computing Education ◦ Business Education ◦ Teachers Education (NACTE)
  • Institutional Level QA Responsibility of HEC/QAA Promote quality at all levels of the Institutions and the whole academic activity. Evidence ◦ Institutional Performance Evaluation Standards ◦ Processes of Institutional Performance Evaluation ◦ Outcome ◦ Periodic review reports ◦ Institutional Ranking Lists etc
  • IPES Standard 1: Mission Statement and Goals Standard 2: Planning and Evaluation Standard 3: Organization and Governance Standard 4: Integrity Standard 5: Faculty Standard 6: Students Standard 7: Institutional Resources Standard 8: Academic Programmes and Curricula Standard 9: Public Disclosure and Transparency Standard 10: Assessment & Quality Assurance Standard 11: Student Support Services
  • Way Forward… Autonomous Status of single operative QAA in the country like QAA of UK/ TEQSA of Australia More EQA practices including Academic Audit, External Reviews etc Establishment of more independent EQA/Accrediting Bodies Internationally recognized Quality Label for QA System of HEIs in Pakistan
  • Strengthening each other tocelebrate Quality