History and Environmental Influenceon Library Media Programs
Early Education in the United               StatesIndividualized – headmaster led students            in copying materials...
Early Education   Edward L. Thorndike       human nature depended on learning       advocated stimulus-response environ...
“Modern-Day Approach”   William Heard Kirkpatrick       students execute the assignment through        problem solving  ...
1919   Focus on individualized instruction                  returns Winnetka Plan in Illinois Dalton Plan in Massachuset...
America 2000 set of national education goals transform the U.S. in “A Nation of  Students” make learning a lifelong end...
Standards for the           21st   Century          Learner  School libraries are essential to thedevelopment of learners’...
Library Media Specialists   role has changed with the rapid changes    in technology   dismissal of any learning occurri...
Library Media Program   mission is to ensure that students and    teachers are effective users of ideas    and informatio...
Leadership Provided by       Library Media Specialists   Library media specialists should:     lead, collaborate with, a...
History of Library Media                 Centers   first professionally trained librarian appointed    in 1900   1920’s ...
School Libraries and Public            Libraries   There should be a strong communication  between the school library and ...
Summary   The evolution of education and school library        media programs has been a long, yet                successf...
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History and environmental influence on library media programs

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History and environmental influence on library media programs

  1. 1. History and Environmental Influenceon Library Media Programs
  2. 2. Early Education in the United StatesIndividualized – headmaster led students in copying materials 19th Century  Lancasterian System – ability grouped and rote learning  Societies formed to provide free education 20th Century  Creation of kindergarten  adjustments to legal age for leaving school  Changes in length of school day and term
  3. 3. Early Education Edward L. Thorndike  human nature depended on learning  advocated stimulus-response environment  satisfying stimulus produced a satisfying response John Dewey  learners react to their environment  solve problems posed from their environment  no more drill and practice or straight rows of desks
  4. 4. “Modern-Day Approach” William Heard Kirkpatrick  students execute the assignment through problem solving  teachers responsible for beginning the activity and evaluating the results Maria Montessori  teachers focus on sensory perceptions of learners  teachers provide opportunity and encouragement
  5. 5. 1919 Focus on individualized instruction returns Winnetka Plan in Illinois Dalton Plan in Massachusetts  students were tested  students proceeded at different rates depending on their individual ability  students were re-tested to check for progress  Group work accepted, BUT emphasis on individual learning
  6. 6. America 2000 set of national education goals transform the U.S. in “A Nation of Students” make learning a lifelong endeavor Coalition of Essential Schoolsintellectual focus, simple goals, universal goals, personalization, student as a worker, student exhibitions, attitude, staff, budget
  7. 7. Standards for the 21st Century Learner School libraries are essential to thedevelopment of learners’ skills, resources, and tools. Learners:1. Inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge2. Draw conclusions, make informed decisions, apply knowledge to new situations, and create new knowledge3. Share knowledge and participate ethically and productively as members of our democratic society
  8. 8. Library Media Specialists role has changed with the rapid changes in technology dismissal of any learning occurring outside of the classroom has made it difficult for library media specialists to collaborate with teachers integral part of school leadership team
  9. 9. Library Media Program mission is to ensure that students and teachers are effective users of ideas and information  provide intellectual and physical access to materials in all formats  provide instruction to foster competence and stimulate interest in reading, viewing, and using information and ideas  work with educators to design learning strategies to meet the needs of individual
  10. 10. Leadership Provided by Library Media Specialists Library media specialists should:  lead, collaborate with, and assist teacher in applying principles of instructional design  be an effective manager of programs  initiative to place resources into the curriculum  build joint relationship with teachers
  11. 11. History of Library Media Centers first professionally trained librarian appointed in 1900 1920’s – regional accrediting agencies required high school libraries with a trained librarian 1960 – AASL received grant from Knapp Foundation to help in development of school libraries 1960 & 1962 – AASL received grants from Knapp Foundation to help in development of school libraries 1965 – Elementary and Secondary Education Act – funds were placed in Title II for library
  12. 12. School Libraries and Public Libraries There should be a strong communication between the school library and the community public library. School Libraries Public Libraries * integrate learning resources * research centered to serve the and references into the needs of all the community curriculum clientele * curriculum-oriented programs * wide range of reading * students are a captive * varied program possibilities audienceGreat partnerships let you reach out dynamically and work with a wide variety of partners within the school library and public library.
  13. 13. Summary The evolution of education and school library media programs has been a long, yet successful, journey. ResourcesPartners in Success: When school and public librarians join forces, kids win |School Library Journal. (n.d.). School Library Journal | The worlds largest reviewerof books, multimedia, and technology for children and teens. Retrieved April 8, 2013,from http://www.slj.com/2013/01/programs/partners-in-success-when-school-and-public librarians-join-forces-kids-win/Woolls, B. (2008). The School Library Media Center in Todays Global Sharon SmithEnvironment. The ssmith7027@myasu.alasu.edu

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