Digital libraries
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  • 1. DIGITAL LIBRARIESOutline based on:Technology for the School LibrarianTheory and PracticeWilliam O. ScheerenSharon SmithApril 2013
  • 2. Characteristics ofDigital Librarieswww.emeraldinsight.com
  • 3. DIGITAL LIBRARIES ONLINE EDUCATIONBecause of the growingnumber of onlineschools, there is agrowing need for digitallibraries.The largest universityinthe country is theUniversity of Phoenixwhich is a largely anonline university.Digital Librariesand Online EducationNow there are more and more online schools.
  • 4. DIGITAL LIBRARIES TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES Digital Libraries areonline twenty-fourhours a day, can beused by students, staff,and members of thecommunity, andcontain texts, images,and data that has beendigitized. Traditional Librarieshave books,newspapers, andother instructionalmaterial provided forstudents and staff touse, but only duringregular library hours.Digital Libraries versus TraditionalLibraries
  • 5.  Resources supporting all of the educationalneeds Resources to inform, motivate, or inspire Information literacy resources Resources to improve the value of the internet Links to other resources on the internetDigital Contents:General Consideration
  • 6.  The use of full-text sites Tailored reference sites Age-appropriate sources Interactive sites Instructional interactive sites Locally developed material General Information about the school library Description of special programs Bibliographies and reading lists School library-developed interactive servicesDigital Contents:Specific Areas and Resources
  • 7. Advantagesof a Digital Library Providing a starting point for all research Meeting Federal and State requirements foradequate opportunities for all students Support the students receiving their schoolingonline Provide excellent research materials for patrons Access to information is not dependent on thepatron being in a specific location School librarian is in full control of the selectionof materials
  • 8.  Students must have a computer, PDA, or cellphone to access Limited resources A lot of students will still use Google or othermain line resources sites Copyright Laws Obsolescence of books Budget – digital libraries cost more thantraditional print librariesDisadvantagesof a Digital Library
  • 9. Glossary Terms Digital Library - a collection of texts, images, ordata that has been digitized. Traditional Library - a conventional book,magazine, and catalog based library. Online Education - education that is given andreceived totally over the Internet Digital Contents - the digital tools at the centerof a library Resources - different sites and or sources usedto complete the task.
  • 10. Glossary Terms Computers - devices we need to do digitalonline processes. PDA - Personal Data Assistant Smart Phones - cellular phones that are used tosend and receive data. E- Books - electronic books Digitizing – the art of taking hard copyinformation and making it digital
  • 11. Discussion QuestionLITERATURE1. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/has summaries, context, characters,chapter overviews, reviews andquizzes for texts from “1984” to “TheYellow Wallpaper,” arrangedalphabetically.2. http://shakespeare-online.com/offers play analysis, sonnets, plays, abiography and a timeline.3. http://www.poets.org/has information about poets and apoem-a-day to use in class.4. http://www.luminarium.org/has everything you could want forBritish literature between 1350 and1800, organized by period.5. http://www.enotes.com/lithas a searchable lesson plandatabase, criticisms, study guides forstudents and a section onShakespeare.HISTORY1. http://www.hyperhistory.com/online_n2/History_n2/a.htmlpresents hundreds of timelines categorized intoseveral topics.2. http://www.factmonster.com/homework/social-studies-world.htmlhomework center is full of maps, importantdocuments, information about population andgovernment structure, funny laws, timelines andmore.3. http://www.historyguide.org/guide/guide.htmlthe study of history requires certain skills--skillswhich are somewhat different from those used inother disciplines.4. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.ukprovides a series of free history encyclopedias.5. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/browse/manypasts/contains primary documents in text, image, andaudio about the experiences of ordinaryAmericans throughout U.S. history.
  • 12. Discussion QuestionMATH1. http://www.learner.org/courses/mathilluminated/interactives/prim/allows students to explore the triangle andsquare numbers and how they are related.2. http://www.mathforum.com/offers a great deal of problems and puzzles,online mentoring, research, team problemsolving, and collaboration.3. http://www.mathpower.com/provides information about basic math,algebra, study skills, math anxiety andlearning styles4. labyrinth.thinkport.org/wwwincludes intriguing math-based puzzles inan exciting game in which students work tofind their lost pet - and save the world frommonsters!5. http://library.thinkquest.org/2647/main.htmincludes clear explanations of mathematicalideas with examplesGEOGRAPHY1. http://www.scalloway.org.ukpresents various areas of geographycategorized under different topics.2. http://www.factmonster.com/homework/social-studies-world.htmlhomework center is full of maps,information about population, etc.3. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/635/1/gives a mini-lesson on “The ParamedicMethod” for writing.4. http://storybird.com/teachers/free to sign up to use this digital storytellingsite. Includes illustrations to sparkcreativity. Noted as one of the best creativewriting tools/resources for teachers.5. http://lklivingston.tripod.com/essay/very user-friendly site that takes studentsstep-by-step through the process of writingan essay.
  • 13. Discussion QuestionECONOMICS1. http://www.econoclass.com/offers many interactive games,simulations and activities that teach youimportant economics lessons whilehaving some fun.2. http://www.frbsf.org/education/activities/drecon/index.htmlpresents "Ask Dr. Econ," a feature thatexplains difficult economic concepts.3. http://www.ehow.com/info_7991234_activity-economics-class-12th.htmloffers economic lesson on stock trading,supply and demand, offer andcounteroffer, and fantasy budget for 12thgrade students.4. http://www.wisestockbuyer.com/learn-about-the-stock-market-for-kids/provides links to learn more about thestock market including games andsimulations.5. http://www.econoclass.com/frozen.htmlgame that demonstrates the advantagesof price allocation over other methods.PSYCHOLOGY1. http://www.ehow.com/info_7899613_interactive-activities-high-school-psychology.htmllists activities for use in providing interactiveopportunities for students to absorb thematerial.2. http://www.ehow.com/info_7963453_ideas-high-school-psychology-experiments.htmlsite provides writing prompts forexpository/informational, persuasive,descriptive, narrative, and many other writingtypes3. http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/quote-punctuation-proofreading-minilesson-1124.htmlprovides basic strategies students can usewhen proofreading their written work.4. http://www.apa.org/apf/funding/psychology-teacher-network.aspxinformation on applying for High SchoolPsychology Teacher Network grants5. http://www.apa.org/ed/precollege/topss/topss-web-toolbar.aspxtoolbar with links to the relevant and practical
  • 14. Discussion QuestionJOURNALISM1. http://www.hsj.org/About_HSJ/index.cfm?menu_id=3homepage for High School JournalismInitiative.2. http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/08/22/student-journalism-a-guide-to-rights-and-responsibilities/outlines students rights and responsibilities inthe area of journalism.3. http://www.hsj.org/modules/lesson_plans/detail.cfm?LessonPlanId=425provides lesson plans and activities for highschool journalism classes.4. http://thenext26.com/the-next-26-great-lessons/challenges high school advisors to strengthenjournalism programs through sharing.5. http://www.mediabistro.com/10000words/ways-journalism-classes-are-making_b396ideas for making journalism educationinteractive with the use of twitter, blogs, andSkype.WRITING1. http://www.education.com/activity/high-school/writing/provides an assortment of writing activitiesat different ability levels.2. http://my.hrw.com/support/hos/hostpdf/hosthsprompts.pdfoutlines students rights and responsibilitiesin the area of journalism.3. http://www.hsj.org/modules/lesson_plans/detail.cfm?LessonPlanId=425provides lesson plans and activities for highschool journalism classes.4. http://thenext26.com/the-next-26-great-lessons/challenges high school advisors tostrengthen journalism programs throughsharing.5. http://www.ipl.org/div/aplus/site provides quick tips and step-by-stepinstructions for most all areas or writing,and additional links for added information.
  • 15. Discussion QuestionIntranet or Internet for a School Digital LibraryWhen considering the best route to take when creating a school digital library, one of the firstitems of interest is whether the benefits lie with a digital library as an intranet or a digital library on theinternet. An intranet is privately owned and has only a limited number of IP addresses allowed. An intranetbehaves like the outside internet. Intranets are most often used when connecting computers within acompany or an organization. The internet, however, is a worldwide interconnection.There are advantages for choosing to use an intranet for the digital library. An intranet is onlyaccessible by the certain people. With permissions and an assigned password, an intranet can still beaccessed from a location other then the school building. An intranet is extremely beneficial forintercommunications where the organization controls access. An intranet also allows for easy access toinformation without the fear of students using an unsecure means of technology. Finally, the use of anintranet is more cost effective.Just as there are advantages to creating the school digital library as an intranet, it comes with itsown disadvantages also. The use of an intranet requires someone assigned to design, update, and performthe overall maintenance. In addition, there is the worry of overabundance of information on an intranet.On the other hand, there are advantages for setting up a school digital library on the internet. Thebiggest advantage for creating a school digital library on the internet is that it can be accessed by anyone,from anywhere, at any time. The biggest disadvantage for creating a school digital library on the internet isthat is can be accessed by anyone, from anywhere, at any time.Given the information discovered during my quest regarding intranet or internet use for a schooldigital library, I would have to recommend that our school progress in the direction of creating our digitallibrary as an intranet. This would allow intercommunication between faculty, staff, and students within acontrolled online environment. Students could still have access to research information away from theschool environment with approved access and passwords. In this way, the school has more control overaccess to data and the system.
  • 16. Summary This chapter looked at the comparison of digitallibraries and traditional libraries. Theimplementation of digital libraries has been apositive influence for school library programs.Using the technological advances availabletoday, library media centers can reach manymore students with a plethora of resources togain knowledge in most any subject area.
  • 17. ResourcesIntranet or Internet? Using Both Sides of the Firewall. (n.d.). Program Houseconsulting, research, design, and training services for improved learningand development.. Retrieved May 1, 2013, fromhttp://www.programhouse.com/ioi.htmIntranet Pros and Cons, Intranets and Extranets Article | Inc.com. (n.d.). SmallBusiness Ideas and Resources for Entrepreneurs. Retrieved May 1,2013, from http://www.inc.com/articles/1998/01/10226.Scheeren, W. O. (2010). Technology for the school librarian: theory and practice.Santa Barbara, Calif.: Libraries Unlimited.What is the difference between Internet and Intranet | Internet vs Intranet | Readand Digest. (n.d.). Read and Digest | reading helps.... Retrieved May 1, 2013,from http://readanddigest.com/difference-between-internet-and-intranetWong, R. (n.d.). Differences between the Internet and Intranet - by Rainier Wong -Helium. Helium - Where Knowledge Rules. Retrieved May 1, 2013, fromhttp://www.helium.com/items/1966295-internet-and-intranet-differences