Chapter 6 Cultural GeographyPresentation Transcript
CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY Cultural Evolution vs. Cultural Diffusion Behavioral Geography Culture Realms Global Diffusion of Western Culture
WHAT IS CULTURE? (IN SOCIOLOGY)
*Also called Cultural Traits or Elements
NOTES ON CULTURAL
Learned . The process of learning one’s culture is called “enculturation.” Culture is not merely passively absorbed, but rather taught and learned by agentive individuals with differing levels of power.
Shared . Members of a particular society have their culture in common.
Patterned . People in a given society live and think in distinctive and describable ways.
Mutually constructed . By means of constant and ongoing social interaction, individuals create, recreate, and change the nature of a particular culture.
Symbolic . Those within a particular culture possess a shared understanding of meaning.
Arbitrary . Culture is not based on natural laws but rather is created by human beings.
Internalized . Culture is habitual, taken for granted, and perceived as natural.
KEEP IT GOING
Each is passed person to person in the society
Also from one generation to the next
CREATING CULTURAL LANDSCAPES The earth’s surface as modified by human action
CULTURES CHANGE IN TWO WAYS:
Cultures change internally
Technology plays an important role
Cultures change externally by borrowing of cultural elements from one society by members of another
Cultural diffusion – process of spreading
Acculturation – process of adopting
THEORIES OF CULTURAL EVOLUTION
How might cultures change through internal measures?