Meniscal Tears By Anndee Neuman Orthoinfo.aaos.org
o Meniscal tears often happen during sports. Players may squat and twist the knee or direct contact, like a tackle, is sometimes involved. There is also degenerative meniscal tears. oStiffness and swelling oFeel/hear a “pop” oPain oCatching or locking oThe sensation of your knee "giving way" oThere is no full range of motion
www.orthobullets.com• McMurray test. Your doctor will bend your knee, then straighten and rotate it. This puts tension on a torn meniscus. If you have a meniscal tear, this movement will cause a clicking sound.• X-rays. Although X-rays do not show meniscal tears, they may show other causes of knee pain.• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study can create better images of the soft tissues of your knee joint. www.kneeguru.co.uk
• If tear is small and on the outer edge of the meniscus, symptoms don’t persist, and knee is stable nonsurgical treatment is an option.• R.I.C.E.• Rest. Take a break from activity. You might use crutches• Ice. Use ice packs several times a day. Do not apply ice directly to the skin.• Compression. wear an elastic compression bandage.• Elevation. Put your leg up higher than your heart.• * Drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling.• If your symptoms persist with nonsurgical treatment, your doctor may suggest arthroscopic surgery.• Procedure. Knee arthroscopy is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. In it, a miniature camera is inserted through a small incision. This provides a clear view of the inside of the knee. Your orthopedic surgeon inserts miniature surgical instruments through other small incisions to trim or repair the tear.
• May have a cast or brace to keep your knee from moving.• Your rehab will be guided by your doctor and designed for your individual needs• Range of motion, strengthening, and flexibility rehabilitation exercises will be in your rehab plan.• Rehabilitation can be carried out at home, although your doctor may recommend physical therapy.
• 1-2 days = walking with a crutch• 1-2 weeks = regular activities• 3 months = regular function without stiffness or soreness.• When it comes to the surgery, the recovery time ranges from a week to a little more than a month, considering what type of surgery it is and how you respond to medicines.