What is Alcohol? Beer, wine, and hard liquor (distilled spirits) all contain alcohol. The following common alcoholic drinks contain equal amounts of alcohol and are often referred to as a drink or a standard drink: 12oz of beer or wine cooler 5oz of wine 1.5oz of 80 proof liquor Proof is the amount of alcohol in hard liquor or distilled spirits. The percentage of pure alcohol in the hard liquor is usually one-half the proof. For example, a 100-proof liquor is about 50% pure alcohol. Thus, the higher the proof, the more pure alcohol the hard liquor contains.
Moderation vs Bingeing Moderation is: 1 drink a day for women 21 and older 2 drinks a day for men 21 and older Bingeing is: 4 drinks in close succession for women 5 drinks in close succession for men
If I abuse alcohol what might happen… School problems, such as higher absence and poor or failing grades. Social problems, such as fighting and lack of participation in youth activities. Legal problems, such as arrest for driving or physically hurting someone while drunk. Physical problems, such as hangovers or illnesses. Unwanted, unplanned, and unprotected sexual activity. Disruption of normal growth and sexual development.
Physical and sexual assault. Higher risk for suicide and homicide. Alcohol-related car crashes and other unintentional injuries, such as burns, falls, and drowning. Memory problems. Abuse of other drugs. Changes in brain development that may have life-long effects. Death from alcohol poisoning.
What happens to alcohol in my body? When alcohol is swallowed, it travels to the stomach and the small intestine. The alcohol is absorbed through the lining of the stomach and intestine and passes into the bloodstream. The alcohol is carried in the blood to other parts of the body. The highest concentrations of alcohol are found in the brain, liver, heart, kidneys and muscles.
Most of the alcohol a person drinks is metabolized (broken down) by the liver. But it can only break down about 8g of alcohol an hour in an average adult - that's around 1 unit of alcohol (one standard drink) an hour. Around 90 to 98% of alcohol is broken down by the body. Up to 5% is eliminated via the kidneys in urine. The rest leaves the body in sweat, breath and saliva (and in the breast milk of breast-feeding mothers).
Immediate Short Term Effects Decrease in inhibition which leads to poor judgment Slurred speech Dizziness Poor coordination Nausea Vomiting
Long term effects Increased activity in the liver causes cell death and hardening of the tissue= Cirrhosis Brain cells die= reducing brain mass Stomach and intestinal ulcers Increase in blood pressure
Withdrawal from long term abuse Severe anxiety Tremors Hallucinations Convulsions
Alcohol Poisoning Signs Mental confusion Vomiting Slow breathing (less than 8 a minute) Hypothermia- bluish pale skin If untreated Choke on vomit Stop breathing Heat beat stops Too little blood sugar leads to seizures