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Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
Using MLA Citations
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Using MLA Citations

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  1. Using MLA Parenthetical Text Citations
  2. Why do I need to use citations? <ul><li>Citations help the reader to locate the mentioned source on your works cited page </li></ul><ul><li>Citations also indicate where in your article, book, website, etc. the information appears </li></ul><ul><li>Citations give proper credit to the author when you use their idea, quotation, research, etc. </li></ul>
  3. When should I use citations? <ul><li>Use a citation when you take a quotation (ANY words) from a source </li></ul><ul><li>Use a citation when you quote or paraphrase someone’s original idea or interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Use a citation when you reference someone’s unique phrase or expression </li></ul>
  4. When do I NOT need a citation? <ul><li>You don’t need to use a citation when a common fact, statistic, etc. is found in all of your sources. For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Civil War started in 1861. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many farmers lost their land during the Dust Bowl. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The case Plessy vs. Ferguson established that facilities must be “separate but equal.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. #1-2 The basic citations: If you mention the author’s name: Smith says, “Quote Quote Quote” (105). If you don’t mention the author’s name: “ Quote Quote Quote” (Smith 105).
  6. #5 An electronic source: Use the same format as a printed source: (Author page #) However, omit the page number if you don’t know it (i.e. you printed an Ebsco or SIRS article and not the original article)
  7. #6 An unsigned work: <ul><li>No author? Instead of the author’s name, put the first word of the article/book/website. For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Underground 43) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(History 125) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t use “a,” “an,” “the,” etc. - Use the first unique word. Also, if two of your sources have similar titles, put as much as the title as necessary to indicate which one it is. </li></ul>
  8. Final Thoughts: <ul><li>When in doubt, use a citation. Citations are an essential part of any research paper and prevent any occurrences of plagiarism . </li></ul><ul><li>Use a citation every time you reference a source. One citation does not work if you take information from a source 10 times. </li></ul><ul><li>Your citations should be varied - take information from several difference places! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget the format: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Quote Quote” (citation). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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