Welcome to Burgas: “The best town for living”Burgas is the biggest cityin South-East Bulgaria – hom etown and native pla of fam ce ouspoets, com posers, singers, actors, producers, painters, photographers and sportsm en.Joan Ekzarh, one of the Bulgarian pre-Renaissance writers wrote tha “The sea is what tbrings together all tha is far awa ”.This is still valid toda . Our town is an im t y y portant centre oftourismwith plentyof facilities and transport connections to the resorts on the South BlackSea coast. The resort com plex is enriched bythe presence of the Burgas Mineral water ba thswhich is one of the m ancient Bulgarian balneologycentres. Close to the seaside are located ost Lake Atanasovsko, Lake P oriisko , Lake Mandrensko and LakeVaia which formthe ombiggest com plex of maritim lakes in Bulgaria-unique itself with its extrem rich e elybiodiversity The increasing num of the population, the better conditions for rest and . berbusiness prove the increasing interest to the town.
Who is the enemy? The basic source of pollution of the air in Burgas is the traffic. Big amounts of nitric oxides, CO2 and big amounts of dust particles are thrown into the air on a daily basis . Motor traffic is the source of 90 % of the atmospheric pollution. Firewood and coals can be a considerable source of fine particles. In the town centre the wood heating is the most disseminated method of heating.
The Bulgarian factory Lukoil is a source of awide range of pollutants PM, hydrocarbons,nitrogen oxides, hydrogen oxides, sulfurdioxide, sulfur hydrogen from the industrialprocesses and from fugitive emissions ofleaks and of tank farm.The urban development is a source ofpollution with dust and PM. Dust which hasoscillated one more time is spread by wind.For the most part dust contains coarseparticles which contribute to the pollution ofthe air in large.On the territory of Burgas today are workinga few industrial factories which contribute tothe pollution of air too, including with PM.
Our practical work To check the pollution in different spots of Burgas alike we set 3 experiments: We used Scotch tape which we pasted on different surfaces- ~ close to junction “Trapezitca” ~ in a car exhaust ~ on a surface next to an industrial chimney
Our conclusionAccording to ourexperiments there isa presence of bigamount of PM whichin combination withwinds given off inthe atmosphere ofBurgasNO2,SO2,CO2,NH3,CFCs, volatileorganiccompounds VOCare causinggreenhouse effect.
Our suggestion forkeeping of theclimateThe problem withreduction of thecarbon emissions castoff in the atmosphereis important forBurgas. To convinceour classmates andparents to reducetogether thedispensation ofgreenhouse gases, wemade a presentationwhich we presentedin front of our class.