Benefits and Barriers to Solar
Adoption in Your Region
Who Are We?
Using global best practices
to inform local decisions
100 Consultants
7 offices worldwide
U.S. HQ in Boston
15...
Chad Laurent

Jayson Uppal

Meister Consultants Group

Meister Consultants Group

chad.laurent@mc-group.com
(617) 209 -198...
Stakeholders
Elected
Officials

Local
Constituents

Business &
Industry

Regional
Utilities
Economic Growth
$14,000,000,000
$12,000,000,000
$10,000,000,000

$8,000,000,000
$6,000,000,000
$4,000,000,000
$2,000,000,0...
Job Creation
Solar Job Growth in the US

160,000
140,000

120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000

SEIA
Estimates

40,000

The Solar...
Job Creation
Correlation of Market Size & Jobs in Each State
50,000

Number of Solar Jobs

40,000

90%
Correlatio
n

30,00...
Source: ISO New England, Inc.
Nov-13

Jul-13

Mar-13

Nov-12

Jul-12

Mar-12

Nov-11

Jul-11

Mar-11

Nov-10

Jul-10

Mar-...
Smart Investment for Homes
From NREL:

Solar homes sold

20% faster
and for

17% more
than the equivalent non-solar homes
...
Smart Investment for Business
Top 20 Companies by Solar Capacity
Dow Jones and Co
White Rose Foods
Toys 'R' Us
General Mot...
Smart Investment for Gov’t

Source: Borrego Solar

11
Valuable to Utilities
 Avoided Energy Purchases
 Avoided T&D Line Losses
 Avoided Capacity Purchases
 Avoided T&D Inve...
Valuable to Utilities

2008

2012

Source: Renewable Energy World
Quantified Value
Levelized Value of Solar ($/MWh) in PA and NJ

Source: Clean Power Research http://mseia.net/site/wp-cont...
Installed Capacity: Solar Ready II Markets

13 States + DC
2.9 GW
38% of US Cap.
44% of Population

15
Installed Capacity: Solar Ready II Markets
Cumulative Installed Capacity (2011 - 2012)
1200

Installed Capacity (MW)

1000...
Global Installed Capacity
Top 5 Countries Solar Operating Capacity (2012)

Germany
32 %

USA
7.2%

Source: REN 21

Germany...
Global Installed Capacity per Capita
450

Watts per Capita

400
350

400 Watts
Per Person

300
250
200
150
100
50

23 Watt...
Myth: It’s not sunny enough where I live

Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory

19
Regional Workshop Surveys
Q: What is the greatest barrier to solar adoption in your community?
Survey Results: Barriers
Other
Environmental Impact
Reliability Concerns
Lack of Support from HOAs
Aesthetics & Historic P...
The Cost of Solar PV
US Average Installed Cost for Behind-the-Meter Residential PV
$14
$12

Cost per Watt

$10
$8
$6
$4

3...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Stage 2

Cost of Electricity

Stage 1

Stage 3

Solar Price

Retail Price
Wholesale Price

Tod...
Subsidies and Support
Subsidies for Conventional and Solar Energy, 1950-2010

Oil

$369 Billion

Natural Gas

$121 Billion...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Comparison of US and German Solar Costs
$6.00
$5.00

$ per Watt

$4.00
Non-Hardware Cost
Total...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Comparison of US and German Solar Costs
$6.00
$5.00

$ per Watt

$4.00
Non-Hardware Cost
Hardw...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Comparison of US and German Solar Costs
$6.00
$5.00

$ per Watt

$4.00
Non-Hardware Cost
Hardw...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Comparison of US and German Solar Costs
$6.00
$5.00

$ per Watt

$4.00

Profits, Taxes, &
Over...
The Cost of Solar in the US
Comparison of US and German Solar Costs
$1.60

$5.00

Solar Soft Costs

$1.40

$6.00

Other Pa...
Challenge: Installation Time
New York City’s
Goal

100 days
from inception to completion

Germany
Today

8 days
from incep...
Time to Installation
Average Time to Permit a Solar Installation
18
16

7.2x more man-hours
needed in the US

14

Hours

1...
Permitting Costs
Average Cost of Permitting in the US and Germany
$0.25

Cost per Watt

$0.20

21x the cost for
permitting...
Germany’s Success

Consistency and Transparency
through

Standardized Processes
The Cost of Solar in the US
Change in Soft Costs and Hardware Costs Over Time

$6.00

$3.32

$7.00

$3.32

$4.00

$2.00

S...
Program Goal
Enable local governments to replicate
successful solar practices to reduce soft
costs and expand local adopti...
Solar Ready Roadmap
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Planning

Zoning Code
Improvements

Enable Solar
Access

Building Code
Improve...
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Benefits and barriers to solar development green commuter solar webinar

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Anyone interested in clean energy, especially residential and commercial Photovoltaic, green builders, homeowners, solar installers and local government officials, is invited to view these slides.

These slides cover Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission’s Rooftop Solar Challenge II Grant: Purpose and Goals, Rooftop Solar 101 Benefits and Barriers, Solar Myth Busters and Best Practices.

Published in: News & Politics
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Benefits and barriers to solar development green commuter solar webinar

  1. 1. Benefits and Barriers to Solar Adoption in Your Region
  2. 2. Who Are We? Using global best practices to inform local decisions 100 Consultants 7 offices worldwide U.S. HQ in Boston 15 years experience 2
  3. 3. Chad Laurent Jayson Uppal Meister Consultants Group Meister Consultants Group chad.laurent@mc-group.com (617) 209 -1986 jayson.uppal@mc-group.com (617) 209 -1990
  4. 4. Stakeholders Elected Officials Local Constituents Business & Industry Regional Utilities
  5. 5. Economic Growth $14,000,000,000 $12,000,000,000 $10,000,000,000 $8,000,000,000 $6,000,000,000 $4,000,000,000 $2,000,000,000 $0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: SEIA/GTM Research – 2009/2010/2011/2012 Year in Review Report http://www.seia.org/research-resources/us-solar-market-insight 2011 2012 5
  6. 6. Job Creation Solar Job Growth in the US 160,000 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 SEIA Estimates 40,000 The Solar Foundation 20,000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Source: SEIA Estimates (2006-2009), The Solar Foundation’s National Solar Jobs Census 2010 (2010), The Solar Foundation’s National Solar Jobs Census 2012 (2011-2012). 6
  7. 7. Job Creation Correlation of Market Size & Jobs in Each State 50,000 Number of Solar Jobs 40,000 90% Correlatio n 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Cumulative Installed Capacity (MW) Sources: Interstate Renewable Energy Council, The Solar Foundation, Meister Consultants Group 7
  8. 8. Source: ISO New England, Inc. Nov-13 Jul-13 Mar-13 Nov-12 Jul-12 Mar-12 Nov-11 Jul-11 Mar-11 Nov-10 Jul-10 Mar-10 Nov-09 Jul-09 Mar-09 Nov-08 80.00 Jul-08 Mar-08 Nov-07 Jul-07 Mar-07 Nov-06 Jul-06 Mar-06 Nov-05 Jul-05 Mar-05 Nov-04 Jul-04 Mar-04 Nov-03 Jul-03 Mar-03 $/MWh Price Stability 180.00 Historical Avg. Real-Time Wholesale Prices (Boston) 160.00 140.00 120.00 100.00 . 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 Date 8
  9. 9. Smart Investment for Homes From NREL: Solar homes sold 20% faster and for 17% more than the equivalent non-solar homes in surveyed California subdivisions Source: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy07osti/38304-01.pdf 9
  10. 10. Smart Investment for Business Top 20 Companies by Solar Capacity Dow Jones and Co White Rose Foods Toys 'R' Us General Motors L'Oreal Intel FedEx Safeway Target Walgreen's Volkswagen Kaiser Permanente Bed Bath and Beyond U.S. Foods Campbell's Soup Staples McGraw Hill Johnson and Johnson Macy's Ikea Apple Kohl's Costco Walmart 445 megawatts deployed as of August 2013 – enough to power 73,400 homes 0 20 40 60 Solar Capacity (MW) Source: Solar Energy Industries Association 80 100
  11. 11. Smart Investment for Gov’t Source: Borrego Solar 11
  12. 12. Valuable to Utilities  Avoided Energy Purchases  Avoided T&D Line Losses  Avoided Capacity Purchases  Avoided T&D Investments  Fossil Fuel Price Impacts  Backup Power 12
  13. 13. Valuable to Utilities 2008 2012 Source: Renewable Energy World
  14. 14. Quantified Value Levelized Value of Solar ($/MWh) in PA and NJ Source: Clean Power Research http://mseia.net/site/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/MSEIA-FinalBenefits-of-Solar-Report-2012-11-01.pdf
  15. 15. Installed Capacity: Solar Ready II Markets 13 States + DC 2.9 GW 38% of US Cap. 44% of Population 15
  16. 16. Installed Capacity: Solar Ready II Markets Cumulative Installed Capacity (2011 - 2012) 1200 Installed Capacity (MW) 1000 800 600 400 Cumulative Installed Capacity 2012 Cumulative Installed Capcaity 2011 200 0 16
  17. 17. Global Installed Capacity Top 5 Countries Solar Operating Capacity (2012) Germany 32 % USA 7.2% Source: REN 21 Germany Italy USA China Japan Rest of World
  18. 18. Global Installed Capacity per Capita 450 Watts per Capita 400 350 400 Watts Per Person 300 250 200 150 100 50 23 Watts Per Person 0 Source: REN 21, World Bank, Interstate Renewable Energy Council 0.67 Watts Per Person
  19. 19. Myth: It’s not sunny enough where I live Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 19
  20. 20. Regional Workshop Surveys Q: What is the greatest barrier to solar adoption in your community?
  21. 21. Survey Results: Barriers Other Environmental Impact Reliability Concerns Lack of Support from HOAs Aesthetics & Historic Preservation Utility Support Local Zoning & Permitting Unfriendly Policy Environment & Lack of Incentives Lack of Information & Education High Upfront Cost & Low ROI 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
  22. 22. The Cost of Solar PV US Average Installed Cost for Behind-the-Meter Residential PV $14 $12 Cost per Watt $10 $8 $6 $4 36% drop in price 2010 - 2013 $2 $0 1998 2012 Tracking the Sun VI: The Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the US from 1998-2012 (LBNL), GTM 22
  23. 23. The Cost of Solar in the US Stage 2 Cost of Electricity Stage 1 Stage 3 Solar Price Retail Price Wholesale Price Today Time Source: Solar Electric Power Association
  24. 24. Subsidies and Support Subsidies for Conventional and Solar Energy, 1950-2010 Oil $369 Billion Natural Gas $121 Billion $104 Billion Coal Nuclear $73 Billion Solar $17 Billion 0 50 100 150 200 250 Value of Subsidies and Support ($ billions) 300 350 Source: Management Information Services, Inc. October 2011. 60 Years of Energy Incentives: Analysis of Federal Expenditures for Energy Development; SEIA, May 1, 2012. Federal Energy Incentives Report. 400 24
  25. 25. The Cost of Solar in the US Comparison of US and German Solar Costs $6.00 $5.00 $ per Watt $4.00 Non-Hardware Cost Total Installed Cost $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 $US Solar Cost German Solar Cost Source: NREL (http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/60412.pdf) LBNL (http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6350e.pdf)(http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf )
  26. 26. The Cost of Solar in the US Comparison of US and German Solar Costs $6.00 $5.00 $ per Watt $4.00 Non-Hardware Cost Hardware Cost $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 $US Solar Cost German Solar Cost Source: NREL (http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/60412.pdf) LBNL (http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6350e.pdf)(http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf )
  27. 27. The Cost of Solar in the US Comparison of US and German Solar Costs $6.00 $5.00 $ per Watt $4.00 Non-Hardware Cost Hardware Cost $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 $US Solar Cost German Solar Cost Source: NREL (http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/60412.pdf) LBNL (http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6350e.pdf)(http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf )
  28. 28. The Cost of Solar in the US Comparison of US and German Solar Costs $6.00 $5.00 $ per Watt $4.00 Profits, Taxes, & Overhead $3.00 $2.00 Column1 Non-Hardware Cost Hardware Cost $1.00 $US Solar Cost German Solar Cost Source: NREL (http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/60412.pdf) LBNL (http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6350e.pdf)(http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf )
  29. 29. The Cost of Solar in the US Comparison of US and German Solar Costs $1.60 $5.00 Solar Soft Costs $1.40 $6.00 Other Paperwork $1.20 $ per Watt $ per Watt $4.00 $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 $0.80 $0.60 $0.40 $1.00 $0.20 $- Permitting & Inspection Column1 Financing Costs Non-Hardware Cost Hardware Cost Customer Acquisition $0.00 US Solar Cost Installation Labor German Solar Cost Source: NREL (http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/60412.pdf) LBNL (http://emp.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/lbnl-6350e.pdf)(http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf )
  30. 30. Challenge: Installation Time New York City’s Goal 100 days from inception to completion Germany Today 8 days from inception to completion Photon Magazine
  31. 31. Time to Installation Average Time to Permit a Solar Installation 18 16 7.2x more man-hours needed in the US 14 Hours 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 US Source: NREL, LBNL Germany
  32. 32. Permitting Costs Average Cost of Permitting in the US and Germany $0.25 Cost per Watt $0.20 21x the cost for permitting in the US $0.15 $0.10 $0.05 $US Source: NREL, LBNL Germany
  33. 33. Germany’s Success Consistency and Transparency through Standardized Processes
  34. 34. The Cost of Solar in the US Change in Soft Costs and Hardware Costs Over Time $6.00 $3.32 $7.00 $3.32 $4.00 $2.00 Soft Costs Hardware Costs $1.90 $3.00 No change in soft costs between 2010 and 2012 $3.28 $/watt $5.00 $1.00 $2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020
  35. 35. Program Goal Enable local governments to replicate successful solar practices to reduce soft costs and expand local adoption of solar energy
  36. 36. Solar Ready Roadmap Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Planning Zoning Code Improvements Enable Solar Access Building Code Improvements Process Permitting Process Improvements Permit Fees Prequalify Installers Financing & Solar Adoption Distribute Cost Survey to Installers Engage Local Lenders Enact a Solarize Program 36
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