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Sumerian Achievements   S O C I A L S T U D I E S F O R 8 TH E . G . B .    TEACHER: MAURICIO TORRES
Background Sumerians were not just advanced in government and religion issues; they also developed many other things, tha...
Writing Maybe the most  important development  in human History. They developed  cuneiform, the world’s  first writing s...
Elements of Writing Pictographs used to be the way  humans kept “written” records. They  were picture symbols. In cuneif...
Technical Advances    The Wheel.      They were the first to build       wheeled vehicles.      They also created a dev...
Technical Advances           Sewers           Makeup           Jewelry           Bronze tools
Math & Sciences Math system based on the number 60   That is why we divide the circle into 360º   Dividing the year int...
Architechture Architecture    The science of building.    People lived in small one story houses, made of mud bricks. ...
Arts Sumerian sculptors produced many statues of gods.    They used wood, ivory and pottery.    Their pottery was reall...
Ask Yourself Recall:    What was the center of most Sumerian cities?    What was one of the most important technical de...
Extra Task #1 Find out the meaning of all the  words in this slide show, that  are in this color. Search for their meani...
Extra Task #2   Get some clay!   Use a stick or something    similar as a stylus.   Draw some pictographs and    try to...
Bibliography Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History  (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal,  Ed....
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Sumerian Achievements Class

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Transcript of "Sumerian Achievements Class"

  1. 1. Sumerian Achievements S O C I A L S T U D I E S F O R 8 TH E . G . B . TEACHER: MAURICIO TORRES
  2. 2. Background Sumerians were not just advanced in government and religion issues; they also developed many other things, that are part of our daily life today.
  3. 3. Writing Maybe the most important development in human History. They developed cuneiform, the world’s first writing system. They used sharp tools called styluses to make symbols on clay tablets.
  4. 4. Elements of Writing Pictographs used to be the way humans kept “written” records. They were picture symbols. In cuneiform, they added representations of syllables, in that way, it enriched writing. Scribes, were specialized people that were hired to write. The first stories were written, they were called Epics.  Long poems that tell stories of heroes: The Epic of Gilgamesh
  5. 5. Technical Advances  The Wheel.  They were the first to build wheeled vehicles.  They also created a device that spins clay, so that a craftsperson can shape it: potter’s wheel.  The Plow  Pulled by oxen, the plows broke through the soil to prepare it for farming.  Water Clock
  6. 6. Technical Advances  Sewers  Makeup  Jewelry  Bronze tools
  7. 7. Math & Sciences Math system based on the number 60  That is why we divide the circle into 360º  Dividing the year into 12 months. Geometry Studied the natural world  Inventories of names of thousands of plants, animals and minerals. Medicine  Ingredients from plants, animals and minerals to produce healing drugs.  They even catalogued treatments and symptoms!
  8. 8. Architechture Architecture  The science of building.  People lived in small one story houses, made of mud bricks.  Rulers lived in large palaces.  Temples were the largest and most impressive buildings: they were called, ziggurats.  They were pyramid shaped temple towers.
  9. 9. Arts Sumerian sculptors produced many statues of gods.  They used wood, ivory and pottery.  Their pottery was really bad! Jewelry  They used gold, silver and gems. Cylinder Seals  They were small stone cylinder engraved with works of art. Music  Reed pipes, drums, tambourines and lyres.
  10. 10. Ask Yourself Recall:  What was the center of most Sumerian cities?  What was one of the most important technical development of Sumer? Summarize:  What different types of art did the Sumerians create? Describe:  What Sumerian advance in mathematics do we use everyday when we look at the calendar?  How did Sumerians write? Draw Conclusions:  How was cuneiform used to express complex ideas?
  11. 11. Extra Task #1 Find out the meaning of all the words in this slide show, that are in this color. Search for their meaning, in order to be better prepared for your test!
  12. 12. Extra Task #2  Get some clay!  Use a stick or something similar as a stylus.  Draw some pictographs and try to write a sentence!  Bring it to school and show it to your friends, and have them try to guess what it means.  Involve your parents and ask them to help you out!
  13. 13. Bibliography Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from Google and “Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids” http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/.
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