Social Studies WorkshopTeacher: Mauricio TorresSCHUTZSTAFFEL (SS)
WHAT WAS THE SCHUTZSTAFFEL?• What was their purpose?• What was their role during in the Third Reich?• Why did the plotters of the assassination attempt try toneutralize them?
WHAT WERE THEY?“Protection Squadron”• It was a major paramilitary organizationunder Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party(NSDAP).
WHAT WAS THEIRPURPOSE?It began at the end of 1920 as a small,permanent guard unit made up of NSDAPvolunteers to provide security for Nazi Partymeetings in Munich.Later in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined theunit which had by then been reformed andrenamed the "Schutz-Staffel".
WHAT WAS THEIRPURPOSE?Under Himmlers leadership (1929–45), itgrew from a small paramilitary formation toone of the largest and most powerfulorganizations in Nazi Germany.Built upon the Nazi ideology, the SS underHimmlers command was responsible for manyof the crimes against humanity duringWorld War II
WHAT WAS THEIR ROLEDURING THE THIRD REICH?They were a paramilitary organization thatbegan as Hitler’s personal guard. Theirnumbers grew considerably into a parallel army,sometimes fighting along the Wehrmacht.They were indoctrinated under Nazi ideologyand were some of the most devout followers.They were also responsible for theconcentration camps.
WHY DID THE PLOTTERS OF THE ASSASSINATIONATTEMPT TRY TO NEUTRALIZE THEM?Parallel Army• As Wehrmacht officers theirintention was to avoid a civil war,by capturing the leaders of the SS.• They were an elite fighting force.• Wehrmacht officers disliked theSS deeply.Devotion to Hitler• Because SS men were blindfollowers of Hitler and NAZIideology, their reaction wasfeared due to this fanatism.• Himmler could use this “army” toput himself in power should theFührer die.
BIZARRE FACT:Their uniforms were designed byHugo Boss