Rising Empires in West Africa: Ghana

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Rising Empires in West Africa: Ghana

  1. 1. AFRICAN EMPIRES:GHANASocial Studies for 10th E.G.B.teacher: mauricio torres
  2. 2. Background  Trade brought riches to societies that would later rise into civilizations.
  3. 3. Fun Fact: Silent Barter Process in which people exchange goods without contacting each other directly. The two reasons why silent barter was used might be because of:  1. The trader(s) might not be able to speak the others language.  2. This was used to protect the secrets of where the valuable gold and salt came from.
  4. 4. West Africa Emerges The Soninke, a group of farmers, that lived along the Niger River banded together to fight off invaders. They became the people of Ghana, and they grew stronger. With iron tools, they were able to produce plenty of food.  Their population increased  Towns and villages sprang up.
  5. 5. Ghana: Land of Gold  Located between the Sahara and forests that spread south.  They were in an strategic position on trades routes.  Its power was based on the control of gold and salt trade.
  6. 6. A Prosperous Empire
  7. 7. A Prosperous Empire The capital was Koumbi Saleh. By 800 the empire was held together by its riches and because it controlled trade. They built armies armed with iron weapons.  These armies kept trade routes safe.  Iron weapons were superior than their neighbor’s.
  8. 8. No nuggets! The kings didn’t allow their subject to own gold nuggets They could only use gold dust as currency. What did this ensure?
  9. 9. Expansion Powerful army Conquered leaders were left in place to act as governors. Taxes were levied on traders. The empire’s height came under Tunka Manin´s leadership.
  10. 10. Tunka Manin - 1068 All we know from him comes from the writings of a muslim geographer who wrote about Ghana. He was the nephew of a previous king named Basi  Kingship and property was inherited by nephews instead of sons.
  11. 11. Decline The empire collapsed by the mid 1200s:  Invasion: North African Muslims called the Almoravids.  Overgrazing: The Almoravids brought herds of animals with them. This left the soil exposed to hot desert winds.  Internal Rebellion: Rebels from a conquered country rose in rebellion and took over. They were unable to hold the empire together.
  12. 12. Quick Exercise: The SilentBarter Grab a piece of paper, and write down something you own and would like to trade it off. Fold it and give it to your classmate next to you. He will give you one in return. Unfold his piece of paper and see if its worth trading both items, between the two of you. A simple “yes” or “no” will suffice.
  13. 13. Chapter Review: Explain: How did the silent barter system work? Identify: What were two major resources in Ghana? Evaluate: Do you think trade was safer when Ghana was in control? Analyze: How did Ghana’s rulers acquire huge amounts of gold? Analyze: How did overgrazing help cause the fall of Ghana? Recall: How did Ghana’s rulers raise money?
  14. 14. Bibliography Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC. Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from Google.

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