Rise of Islam I: The Prophet
Social Studies for 10th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio
Islam emerged in the Arabian Peninsula. Its
deserts and trade centers helped shape the
early life of Muhammad.
Many Arab clans
occupied Arabia at the
time of Muhammad.
Nomadic herders called
Bedouins used camels
to cross to cross the
desert to pasture when
Bedouins traded with
other Arabs all around
Mecca (Makkah) was a booming market
town at the crossroads of two main
◦ One linked Arabia with Palestine and the
◦ The second one, crossed from Mesopotamia
Pilgrims also went there on pilgrimage.
They prayed at the Kaaba, an ancient
shrine the Muslims believe to be built by
◦ The pilgrims traffic brought many good profits
He was born in Mecca about
When he was young, he
worked as a shepherd among
Later he led caravans across
the desert and became a
When he was 25, he married
Khadijah, a wealthy
widow, and was a devoted
father and husband.
When he was 40 he was troubled
by the idol worship and moral ills
He went into a cave to meditate.
◦ According to Muslim belief, he heard
a voice that ordered him to pray.
“Recite in the name of your God, the
Creator, who created man from clots of
He understood it was the voice of
angel Gabriel calling him to be
the messenger of God.
Birth of Islam
Muhammad was terrified. How could
an illiterate merchant become the
messenger of God?
But Khadija encouraged him to accept
the call. In fact she was the first
convert of Islam.
Islam means “submission”.
He spent the rest of his life spreading
Islam, urging Arabs to give up the
false gods and praise Allah.
At first, a few people listened to the teaching
of Muhammad. His rejection of traditional
Arab gods angered Meccans, who feared
pilgrimage would be disrupted.
Facing murder threats in 622, he
and his followers left for Yahtrib, a
journey known as the hijra.
◦ Later Yahtrib would be renamed
Medina (City of the Prophet).
◦ 622 became the first year of the
When he reached Medina, he was
welcomed as a ruler and lawgiver.
Others soon began to adopt Islam.
Muslims soon launched attacks on
Medina, defeated them and
Muhammad was able to return
Death and after
For the last years of his
life, he worked to unite Arabs
under the banner of Islam.
He died in 632, poisoned.
The faith that he proclaimed
continued to spread, to the
point in which it is one of the
world’s main religions.
Identify the following terms:
◦ Mecca, Bedouins, Khadija, Islam
◦ What is the hijra?
◦ How did Muhammad become the prophet of Islam?
◦ Why was Mecca so important before Muhammad?
◦ “No one is a prophet in their own land”. Does this apply to
Muhammad? Why or why not?
◦ List the important events of Muhammad’s life.
◦ Why was pilgrimage so important to merchants in Mecca?
Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P.
Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US:
Pearson Education INC.
Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History
(Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H.
McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
Images taken from Google.