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Mexican Revolution

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  • 1. MEXICANREVOLUTIONSocial Studies for 9th E.G.B.Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  • 2. BACKGROUND After the independence of many territories and colonies in Latin America, things stayed pretty much the same: the poor were still poor and the aristocracy were the only ones with privileges. In the early 1900s, the economy was booming because of exports: plentiful natural resources and cash crops were sold to industrialized countries. These resources were controlled by foreign investors. The tiny ruling classes kept economic benefits for themselves. These inequalities troubled many countries in Latin America (LA) and in Mexico, the situation led to an explosive revolution.
  • 3. THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION  By 1910, the dictator Porfírio Diaz had ruled Mexico for almost 35 years, winning reelection again and again.  Mexico enjoyed apparent peace and economic growth:  Foreign investors developed mines, built railroads and drilled for oil.  These benefits only reached a small group of people. The rest of the country lived in poverty.
  • 4. ROAD TO REVOLUTION  Mexican society X-ray:  Most of the peasants worked on haciendas, mines or factories, earning meager wages. They represented the oppressed.  The middle class wanted democracy.  The elite resented the power of foreign companies.  In 1910, unrest boiled when Francisco Madero called for general elections, and Diaz resigned.
  • 5. VIVA LA REVOLUCIÓN! Fighting raged across Mexico for over a decade. Peasants, small farmers, urban workers and ranchers were drawn into a violent struggle.
  • 6. TIERRA Y LIBERTAD! 1.- Faced with rebellion, Diaz resigned after 30 years. 2.- Madero, a liberal reformer, was elected president in 1911. He was assassinated by one of his generals, Victoriano Huerta, after two years. 3.- Huerta set up his own dictatorship. 4.- Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and Venustiano Carranza formed a coalition against Huerta.  Zapata and villa were peasants and wanted change. Carranza, a rich landowner disagreed. 5.- After defeating Huerta, Carranza turned on his allies and defeated them. 6.- Carranza became president of Mexico in 1917, with a new constitution, but reforms were slow to materialize.
  • 7. THE PRICE OF REFORM  When it ended, the economy was in shambles and more than one million people were dead.
  • 8. ASK YOURSELF  Sequence:  Describe the events of the Mexican Revolution  Explain:  Explain the economic inequality that existed in Latin American Countries.  Discuss:  Which were the groups that were unhappy with Diaz’s regime and list each group’s interest in the revolution.
  • 9. BRIEF EXCERCISE Write down two paragraphs explaining what you understand from the slogan “Tierra y Libertad”. Try to put yourself in the average Mexican’s shoes to show your feelings. Do this in a separate sheet of paper, and hand it in at the end of the class.
  • 10. BIBLIOGRAPHY Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC. Images taken from www.google.com