Kingdom of Mali & Mansa Musa


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Kingdom of Mali & Mansa Musa

  1. 1. MANSA MUSA &THE KINGDOM OFMALISocial Studies for 10thTeacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. The Kingdom of Mali  In the upper Niger river, there was a nation called the Mandinka.  They had suffered defeat in a war.  The king and his family were slaughtered, except for one of his sons, who was considered too weak and sickly to pose a threat.  By 1235, he had crushed his enemies, he was in control of the gold trade routes and founded the Kingdom of Mali.  His name was Sundiata
  3. 3. Sundiata’s Achievements He conquered the decaying Empire of Ghana. He improved agriculture and introduced cotton. He took power away from local leaders, in order to centralize it.
  4. 4. Mali Mali is an Arab version of the Mandinka word. Their kings were called Mansas. They stretched their dominions to the south. Cities like Timbuktu boomed into civilized centers.
  5. 5. The Greatest King In the year 1312, the greatest ruler of the kingdom, came to the throne. His name was…
  6. 6. MANSA MUSA
  7. 7. MANSA MUSA • He expanded Mali’s borders: • To the north and towards the Atlantic • He made sure that peace was kept within his kingdom. • He converted to Islam and adopted the Muslim justice system. • But, he promoted religious tolerance and did not impose his religion on his subjects.
  8. 8. Mansa Musas’ Travels
  9. 9. Mansa Musas’ Travels His entourage:  12000 servants for the King.  500 for his wife.  14000 slaves carrying fine silk clothes and the luggage.  500 carrying golden staffs His fortune spent is estimated to be 100 million USD if he had done the trip today. For the only time in history, one man controlled the price of gold.
  10. 10. The Hajj In 1324 he made the hajj, or pilgrimage to the Mecca. He showed his devotion towards his religion. On the way he made a few diplomatic and economic ties with other Muslim states.
  11. 11. Buildings for life Afterwards, he brought back with him many different scholars, architects and teachers who helped promote Islamic education. He built a university in Timbuktu, which still exists today!
  12. 12. Decline of Mali In the 1400s, internal disputes weakened Mali. Subject nations broke away, and little by little, it all collapsed. The power vacuum was filled by Songhai
  13. 13. Homework: Being a Herald  You are travelling with Mansa Musa on your way to Mecca.  You are his herald, and it is your job to announce him every time you arrive to a new city.  Write a paragraph describing you king to your hosts in order to announce his coming.  Remember:  His kindness.  His wealth.  His devotion to his religion.  His abilities as a leader.  Etc.  Be eloquent!
  14. 14. Ask Yourself Identify: After conquering neighboring kingdoms, what did Sundiata focus on? Infer: Why do you think Mansa Musa traveled in such an opulent manner? Analyze: What kind of leader was Mansa Musa?
  15. 15. Bibliography Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC. Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from Google.