Hadrian
Social Studies 9th EGB
Teacher: Mauricio Torres

S
Introduction

S Known as a travelling

emperor, Hadrian was one of the most
appreciated emperors in the history of
Rome.
S...
Young Hadrian

S Born in the year 76, possibly in Italica

Hispania, as Publius Aelius Hadrianus.
S When he was 14 he move...
The Wanderer

S For better part of his reign (12 years out of 21), he was

absent from Rome, travelling all over the provi...
As a Ruler

S Considered by many historians to be wise

and just.
S Schiller called him “the empire’s first

servant”
S Gi...
“Peace through Strength”

S He surrendered Trajan’s conquests in

Mesopotamia, because they were
indefensible.
S He chose ...
Building Projects

S His longest lasting legacy were

his building projects.
S He established cities along the

Balkans, E...
Hadrian´s Wall

S His most significant architectural

achievement is definitively the wall in
Britain, which carries his n...
Castel Sant’Angelo

S His tomb was nothing short of a marvelous work of

architecture.
S Castel Sant’Angelo is a towering ...
Castel Sant’Angelo
Hobbies and Fun Facts

S We know a lot about Hadrian’s “extra

curricular” activities.
S He loved architecture, even

thou...
Final Days

S He spent most of his final days in

Rome.
S After 21 years of being an

emperor, he died apparently of a
hea...
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Hadrian

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Hadrian

  1. 1. Hadrian Social Studies 9th EGB Teacher: Mauricio Torres S
  2. 2. Introduction S Known as a travelling emperor, Hadrian was one of the most appreciated emperors in the history of Rome. S A just ruler and the driving force behind many architectural projects all over the empire. S He succeeded Trajan as the fourteenth emperor.
  3. 3. Young Hadrian S Born in the year 76, possibly in Italica Hispania, as Publius Aelius Hadrianus. S When he was 14 he moved to Rome. S His first military service was as Tribune under Trajan. S Later, he was declared successor to Trajan, according to sources, thanks to Trajan’s wife. S Anyways, Trajan trusted him more than enough and respected him even more.
  4. 4. The Wanderer S For better part of his reign (12 years out of 21), he was absent from Rome, travelling all over the provinces: S Overseeing the administration: he was concerned with all aspects of government and justice. S and checking the discipline of the army: his devotion to the common soldier was such, that as his predecessor, he would eat, sleep and march along with them.
  5. 5. As a Ruler S Considered by many historians to be wise and just. S Schiller called him “the empire’s first servant” S Gibbon admired his “vast and active genius”. S He forbade torture, and even though he did not end slavery, he mitigated it. S Public works were built: libraries, aqueducts baths and theaters!
  6. 6. “Peace through Strength” S He surrendered Trajan’s conquests in Mesopotamia, because they were indefensible. S He chose not to engage in any major military conflicts. S Only the Second Roman-Jewish war. S Hadrian avoided war with Parthia S Focused mainly on securing the borders by building watchtowers, fortresses, outposts and improving communications.
  7. 7. Building Projects S His longest lasting legacy were his building projects. S He established cities along the Balkans, Egypt, Asia Minor, Greece (his love for Greece was such that he was nicknamed Graeculus). S In Rome he rebuilt the Pantheon and finished Trajan’s Forum; among many baths, villas and other buildings. S Some of these structures still stand today!
  8. 8. Hadrian´s Wall S His most significant architectural achievement is definitively the wall in Britain, which carries his name. S Built in the year 122, when he visited Britain, it marked the northern border or the empire in the British isles. S It wasn’t built only as protection, but also as a show of Roman power. S Around it, small merchant towns developed and gave a sense of security for Romans and Britons alike. S It represented his “peace through strength policy”.
  9. 9. Castel Sant’Angelo S His tomb was nothing short of a marvelous work of architecture. S Castel Sant’Angelo is a towering cylindrical building in Rome, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. S The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. S The Castel was once the tallest building in Rome!
  10. 10. Castel Sant’Angelo
  11. 11. Hobbies and Fun Facts S We know a lot about Hadrian’s “extra curricular” activities. S He loved architecture, even though, apparently he only had good taste, but was not good at it. S He wrote poetry and also an autobiography. S Hadrian loved hunting since he was a small kid. S He also made the beard popular in Rome! S This was due to the influence of Greek
  12. 12. Final Days S He spent most of his final days in Rome. S After 21 years of being an emperor, he died apparently of a heart attack in the year 138, and left Antoninus Pius as his successor. S He was buried at his mausoleum!

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