Greek City States


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Greek City States

  1. 1. Emergence of the City- StatesSocial Studies for 9th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Background Around 1200 BCE, a new group, the Dorians, came down from the north. The early tribes who lived on the Greek peninsula never really had a chance to beat the Dorians. The Mycenaeans were great warriors, but they fought with stone weapons. The newcomers, the Dorians, had iron weapons. The Mycenaeans did not have a chance of winning against such superior equipment.
  3. 3. The Dark Ages  Around 1200 BCE, all written records stop because the Dorians had won. All written records stopped for about the next 400 years. For the next 400 years, Greece fell into a dark age.  A dark age is a period of time in history that we usually know very little about because people did not write things down. But the Greek dark age was different. We know quite a lot about this period of time because of the storytellers.  The Dark Ages ended, around 800 BCE, with the development of the Greek city-states.
  4. 4. City-States  After the Greek dark ages, exciting things began to happen in ancient Greece. Villages started to band together to form strong trading centers.A city-state: can be  These groups of villages thatdefined as a central city banded together were calledand its surrounding city-states. Soon, hundreds ofvillages, which togetherfollow the same ways of city-states had formed inlife. ancient Greece.
  5. 5. Citizenship “the link between a person and a state or an association of states” In ancient Greece, you had to “earn” your citizenship. In Athens, for example, Only adult male Athenian citizens who had completed their military training as ephebes had the right to vote.
  6. 6. Citizenship The ancient Greeks referred to themselves as citizens of their individual city-states. Each city-state (polis) had its own personality, goals, laws and customs. Ancient Greeks were very loyal to their city- state. But if you asked an ancient Greek where he was from, he would not say, "I live in Greece."  If he was from Sparta, he would say, "I am a Spartan."  If he lived in Athens, he would say, "I am Athenian." And so it went. The city-states might band together to fight a common foe. They also went to war with each other. Greece was not yet one country.
  7. 7. What was Greece? Because Greece was not yet one country, there was no central government in ancient Greece. It was just one big collection of city states with many things in common:  They all believed in the same gods.  They all spoke the same language. Each city-state had its own form of government. Some city- states, like Corinth, were ruled by kings. Some, like Sparta, were ruled by a small group of men. Others, like Athens, experimented with new forms of government.
  8. 8. Acropolis & Parthenon  "The term acropolis means upper city and many of the city states of ancient Greece are built around an acropolis where the inhabitants can go as a place of refuge in times of invasion. Its for this reason that the most sacred buildings are usually on the acropolis. Its the safest most secure place in town."  The Acropolis in Athens is perhaps the most famous. In Athens, as in other Greek city-states, the ancient Athenians built temples and moments on the Acropolis dedicated to Athena and other ancient Greek gods.  The Parthenon was built by Pericles in the 5th century BCE.
  9. 9. Ask Yourselves Explain:  What is citizenship and how do you become one?  What was the importance of the Acropolis? Analyze:  Why was there a period of time called “Dark Ages”?  Why can’t we say that Greece was not an Empire or State? Infer:  Why did small independent villages band together to form city-states?
  10. 10. The Dorians Find out at home more about the Dorians. Use your own words to build to paragraphs by answering the following questions:  Who were they?  Where did they come from?  Why are they so important?  How did they begin the Dark Ages?  What is their legacy? Print it and bring it to school next class.