Resources in AfricaSocial Studies for 10th E.G.B.Teacher: Mauricio Torres
ConceptResources: Something of value. It´s value canvary depending on human needs. Natural: Found in the natural environment. They can be classified into: renewable and nonrenewable. Advised reading: book, Chapter 4,page 108.
QuestionAsk yourself: What kind of resources do you use daily?
QuestionAsk yourself: What kind of resources do you use daily?Fossil fuels? Nuclear energy? Water power? Electricity? Solar?
QuestionAsk yourself: What kind of resources do you use daily?Fossil fuels? Nuclear energy? Water power? Electricity? Solar? Ask yourself: Food? Water? Soil? What would happen if they run out?
QuestionAsk yourself: What kind of resources do you use daily?Fossil fuels? Nuclear energy? Water power? Electricity? Solar? Ask yourself: Food? Water? Soil? What would happen if they run out?HOW DO YOU PUT A PRICE ON THESE IMPORTANT ASSETS?
African EconomyBasics: It is through the sectors of Africas work industry that the economy can be maintained. Most of this is contributed to exporting of goods. What does that mean?
African EconomyBasics: It is through the sectors of Africas work industry that the economy can be maintained. Most of this is contributed to exporting of goods. What does that mean? This is due to the smaller amount of secondary industries available in the continent. In 2009, 87% of Africas economy was from exportation alone.
African EconomyThey don´t manufacture many goods.They just export materials.
African EconomyAgriculture:Around 60 percent of African workers areemployed by the agricultural sectors, withabout three-fifths of African farmersbeing subsistence farmers.Subsistence farms provide a source of foodand a relatively small income for the family, butgenerally fail to produce enough to make re-investment possible. Larger farms tend togrow cash crops such ascoffee, cotton, cocoa, and rubber.
African EconomyCash crops: Crops that do not grow easily in a northern climate Ex: Coffee, cotton, cocos, rubber…
African EconomyMining and Drilling:Africas most valuable exports are minerals andpetroleum. A few countries possess and exportthe vast majority of these resources. Thesouthern nations have large reservesof gold, diamonds, and copper. Petroleum isconcentrated in Nigeria, Angola, its neighbors,and Libya.
African EconomyMining and Drilling:While mining and drillingproduce most of Africasrevenues each year, theseindustries only employ abouttwo million people, a tinyfraction of the continentspopulation. Profits normallygo either to largecorporations or to thegovernments. Both havebeen known to squander thismoney on luxuries for theelite or on mega-projects thatreturn little value
African EconomyFresh Water: Africa contains many lakes and rivers, fostering a small fishing industry. The deep rivers of Africa have significant hydroelectric potential value. Lake Victoria is Africas 2nd largest lake. Lake Volta in Ghana is the worlds largest artificial lake. From lake Victoria the river Nile originates. The Nile ends at Mediterranean Sea. Its waters serve as means of transportation also.
African EconomyEconomic Underdevelopment:This is partly due to its turbulent history. Thedecolonization of Africa was fraught withinstability aggravated by cold war conflict. Sincethe mid-20th century, the Cold War and increasedcorruption and despotism have also contributedto Africas poor economy.
African Economy Economic Underdevelopment Geographic: Africa has the largest hot desert and the second largest tropical forest in the world that hinder building transcontinental means of transportations, hampering its economy. In the center of the continent, on the western side, an almost impenetrable rainforest impedes the transit of people and goods. The Sahara creates an obvious barrier to trade from the north.
African EconomyEconomic UnderdevelopmentInfraestructural: According to researchers, thelack of infrastructure in many developingcountries represents one of the most significantlimitations to economic growth.
African EconomyEconomicUnderdevelopmentWAR: Sinceindependence, Africa hasseen dozens of wars, bothcivil and international. Thishas contributed to povertybecause states havespent their scarceresources on militaryequipment and supplies.Development hassuffered, since warfarehas scared off foreigninvestors, destroyedinfrastructure, and createdlasting animosities.
African EconomyEconomicUnderdevelopmentDisease: The tropics are morehospitable to disease than thecolder climates. The mostsignificant illness has longbeen malaria. Since the tropicalregions are poorer,pharmaceutical companies arereluctant to invest in curing thediseases of the region. Diseasereduces productivity andcreates a health care costburden.
African EconomyEconomic UnderdevelopmentPoverty brings more poverty: Africaseconomic malaise is self-perpetuating, as itengenders more of thedisease, warfare, misgovernment, and corruptionthat created it in the first place.
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